Archive

« 2018. #3 (141)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2018, 3 (141), 618–629

UDK 39(477.86-11):728.94(1-22)

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2018.03.618

HOUSEHOLD DWELLINGS OF PEASANT YARD AT POKUTTIA: STODOLA AND OBORIH

Radovych Roman Bohdanovych, Candidate of Sciences in History, Ph.D, research fellow
in the Department of Historical Ethnology
of the Institute of Ethnology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.
Svobody Avenue 15, 79000, Lviv, Ukraine.
Contacts: Tel. (067)7117846; e-mail: ina@mail.lviv.ua

Abstrakt. The buildings of the courtyard of Pokuttia dwellers, intended for storage and threshing of grain — stodoly, stizhky and oborohy, are considered. Their structural peculiarities and specific features are revealed. An attempt has been made to follow the evolutionary processes associated with the emergence and formation of these buildings.

Keywords: Pokuttia, household buildings, stoloda, oborih, stizhok.

Received 29.03.2018

References

Arkhiv L’vivs’koho muzeiu narodnoi arkhitektury ta pobutu (dali — Arkhiv LMNAP), f. Materialy ekspedytsij, spr. ZV-15 [in Ukrainian].
Arkhiv LMNAP, f. Materialy ekspedytsij, spr. ZV-16 [in Ukrainian].
Arkhiv LMNAP, f. Materialy ekspedytsij, spr. ZV-17, 41 ark. [in Ukrainian].
Babenko, V.A. (2013). Etnohrafycheskyj ocherk narodnoho byta Ekaterynoslavskoho kraia. Khar’kov: Khar’kovskyj chastnyj muzej horodskoj usad’by [in Russian].
Blomkvist, E.Je. (1956). Krest’janskie postrojki russkih, ukraincev i belorussov: (poselenija, zhilishha i hozjajstvennye stroenija). Vostochnoslavjanskij jetnograficheskij sbornik: Ocherki narodnoj material’noj kul’tury russkih, ukraincev i belorusov v XІX — nachale XX v. Moskva: Izd-vo AN SSSR, 3—458 [in Russian] [in Russian].
Danyliuk, A., Krasovs’kyj, I., & Rybak B. (1980). Muzej narodnoi arkhitektury ta pobutu u L’vovi: putivnyk. L’viv: Kameniar [in Ukrainian].
Zalizniak, L.L. (1991). Naselenye Poles’ia v mozolyte. Kyev: Naukova dumka [in Russian].
Kosmina, T.V. (1980). Sil’s’ke zhytlo Podillia (kinets’ XIX—XX st.): istoryko-etnohrafichne doslidzhennia. Kyiv: Naukova dumka [in Ukrainian].
Radovych, R. (2005). Tymchasove zhytlo ukraintsiv. Visnyk L’vivs’koho universytetu. Seriia istorychna. Issue 39—40, 486—526 [in Ukrainian].
Radovych, R. (2015). Narodna arkhitektura Starosambirschyny XIX — pershoi polovyny XX st. (zhytlovo-hospodars’kyj kompleks). Kyiv: Vydavets’ Oleh Filiuk [in Ukrainian].
Radovych, R. (1998). Hospodars’ki budivli dlia zberihannia produktiv khliborobstva. Naukovi zapysky. Muzej narodnoi arkhitektury ta pobutu u L’vovi. Issue. I, 21—33 [in Ukrainian].
Rusov, M. (1915). Typy sil’s’kykh selysch v poludnevij chastyni Halychyny. In Zbirnyk pryrodnycho-tekhnichnoi sektsii Ukrains’koho Naukovoho Tovarystva v Kyivi. (Kn. 3, pp. 77—221). Kyiv: Drukarnia Druhoi Drukars’koi Artily, Velyka Volodymyrs’ka 43 [in Ukrainian].
Stel’makh, H.Yu. (1959). Poselennia, dvir, zhytlo. In Ukraintsi: istoryko-etnohrafichna monohrafiia: Maket. Instytut mystetstvoznavstva, fol’kloru ta etnohrafii. (Vol. 1, pp. 290—346), Kyiv: Vyd-vo AN URSR [in Ukrainian].
Fedaka, P.M. (2005). Narodne zhytlo ukraintsiv Zakarpattia XVIII—XX stolit’. Uzhhorod: Grazhda [in Ukrainian].
Franko, I. (1985). Moia vittsivs’ka khata. In Franko I. Zibrannia tvoriv: u 50 t. (Vol. 39, pp. 243—244). Kyiv: Naukova dumka [in Ukrainian].
Franko, I. (1982). Etnohrafichna ekspedytsiia na Bojkivschynu. In Franko I. Zibrannia tvoriv: u 50 t. (Vol. 36, pp. 68—99). Kyiv: Naukova dumka [in Ukrainian].
Franko, I. (1979). Pid oborohom. Franko I. Zibrannia tvoriv: u 50-ty t. (Vol. 22, pp. 35—52). Kyiv: Naukova dumka [in Ukrainian].
Ya[tsiv], R. (1995). Hrafichna dokumentalistyka Petra Mehyka. Narodoznavchi zoshyty, 4, 228—229 [in Ukrainian].
Falkowski, J. (1937). Zachodnie pogranicze Huculszczyzny: Dolinami Prutu, Bystrycy Nadworniańskiej, Bystrycy Sołjtwińskiej i Łomnicy. Lwów [in Polish].
Falkowski, J. (1938). Pólnocno-wschodnie pogranicze Huculszczyzny. Lwów, 1938 [in Polish].
Kolberg, O. (1882). Pokucie: Obraz etnograficzny. (Vol. 1). Kraków: W drukarni uniwersytetu jagellońskiego [in Polish].
Moszyński, K. (1929). Kultura materjalna. In Kultura ludowa słowian. (Cz. 1). Kraków [in Polish].
Ossendowski, F.A. (1935). Polesie. Poznań: Wydawnictwo polskie R. Wegnera [in Polish].

Read»

Our authors
On bessarabian and moldavian ukrainians in the studies of historical ethnography
The article has thrown some light upon a sum of scientific findings got during XIX to XXI cc. in historio-ethnographic studies of Bessarabia and Moldavian Ukrainians. In the pre­sent paper has been given author’s answer to the problem of lacking progress as for the numerous themes concerning Ukrainians. State and achievements of the research-works in Ukrainians’ material and spiritual culture by the scientists of Moldavia and Ukraine through the years of independence has been exposed.
Read »

Maternity ritualism by volhynians in publications of the second half XIX to the early XXI cc.
In the article have been considered some basic landmarks for fixing and publication of ethnographic materials on the maternity rites of Volhynia with analytical study in ritual elements, their kinds and territories of origin. The article has also raised a problem of gaps in studies of maternity rites of Ukrainian historio-ethnographic Volhynia.
Read »

Boikos’ pandemonium: categories of evil deceased
In the article have been presented some research-work on peculiarities of Boikos’ traditional demonological notions as for so-called evil deceased; on the basis of field records and ethnological literary sources quite a number of scum categories have been defined as well as essential habits, modes of behavior and functions of these personages of people’s demonology.
Read »

Daily bread baking of ukrainians in the south-western ethnographical region at the late XIX to early XXI cc.
The paper has dealt with analytic study in prescriptions, signs, customs, methods, ways of selection, procurement and some peculiarities in usage of subsidiary means — water, firewood and leaves in bread baking. The final aim of the mentioned actions had been (and still is) selection of the means and ingredients fit, by their characteristics, for the backing of bread. The paper has demonstrated dependence of bread backing subsi­diary means criteria from the folk nutritional standards and world outlook stereotypes as well as from regional social and economic, natural and geographical factors and peculiarities of material culture.
Read »