« 2017. #2 (134)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2017, 2 (134), 341—354

UDK 398.431


TRADITIONAL CONCEPTIONS ABOUT DOMESTIC SPIRITS AT POKUTTIA (On materials from the Horodenka district of Ivano­Frankivsk region)

Halaichuk Volodymyr, Candidate of Sciences in History, Associate Professor

of the Department of Ethnology,

Ivan Franko National University of Lviv,

Universytetska Street 1, 79000, Lviv, Ukraine.

Contacts: e-mail:

Abstract. Traditional beliefs of Pokuttia residents about domestic spirits are illustrated in the article on the basis of ethnographic materials. It is marked that the basic on the inspected territories is a type of a goblin purchased from little chicken egg («znosok»), or by other method, as a spirit­enriching that distinctly gravitates to character of devil.

Keywords: Pokuttia, demonology, beliefs, domestic spirits, spirit­enriching, domovyk (goblin), caress, grasssnake.

Received 27.03.2017


Arkhiv L’vivs’koho natsional’noho universytetu imeni Ivana Franka. F. 119. Op. 17. Spr. 336-E (Pol’ovi etnohrafichni materialy do tem «Kalendarna obriadovist’» i «Narodna demonolohiia», zibrani u Horodenkivs’komu rajoni Ivano-Frankivs’koi oblasti 03—14 lypnia 2015 r. Halajchukom Volodymyrom Vasyl’ovychem). 83 ark. [in Ukrainian].
Hnatiuk, V. (1912). Znadoby do ukrains’koi demonol’ogii. (T. II. Vyp. 1). In Etnografichnyj zbirnyk. (Vol. XXXIII, pp. 1—237) [in Ukrainian].
Hnatiuk V. (1912). Znadoby do ukrains’koi demonol’ogii. (Vol. II. Vyp. 2). In Etnografichnyj zbirnyk. (T. XXXIV, pp. 1—280) [in Ukrainian].
Kyrchiv, R. (2015). Istoriohrafiia etnohrafichnoho doslidzhennia Pokuttia. Narodoznavchi zoshyty, 1 (121), 70—90 [in Ukrainian].
Mokhoruk, D.I. (2008). Selo moie Toporivtsi. Istoryko-kraieznavchyj ta etnohrafichnyj zbirnyk. Semptymolohiia. (Vol. 6: Etnohrafichnyj obraz sela). Kosiv: Pysanyj kamin’ [in Ukrainian].
Silets’kyj, R. (2015). Buzyna v narodnykh demonolohichnykh povir’iakh ukraintsiv. Naukovi zoshyty istorychnoho fakul’tetu L’vivs’koho universytetu, 16, 140—150 [in Ukrainian].
I[lkiewi]cz Mirosław. (1839). O mitologii ruskiej według podania ludu. In Sławianin: al’manakh (Vol. 2, pp. 91—95). Lwów [in Polish].
Kolberg, O. (1888). Pokucie. Obraz etnograficzny (Vol. III). Kraków [in Polish].


Our authors
Boikos’ pandemonium: categories of evil deceased
In the article have been presented some research-work on peculiarities of Boikos’ traditional demonological notions as for so-called evil deceased; on the basis of field records and ethnological literary sources quite a number of scum categories have been defined as well as essential habits, modes of behavior and functions of these personages of people’s demonology.
Read »

Wax candle as ukrainian Christmas and epiphany ritualistic text
For the first time in native ethnology the article has brought some results of special study in sign functionality of a wax candle under the context of Ukrainian Christmas and Epiphany ritualistic text (ritualism of Christmas Eve, New Year, Epiphany Eve and Feast of Epiphany). The study has stated extremely high semiotic position of a wax candle as projection of Sun, mediator between the spheres of sacral and prophane elements, symbolic analogue of human existence, apotropy, cultural symbol re-establishing borders of acculturated space.
Read »

Daily bread baking of ukrainians in the south-western ethnographical region at the late XIX to early XXI cc.
The paper has dealt with analytic study in prescriptions, signs, customs, methods, ways of selection, procurement and some peculiarities in usage of subsidiary means — water, firewood and leaves in bread baking. The final aim of the mentioned actions had been (and still is) selection of the means and ingredients fit, by their characteristics, for the backing of bread. The paper has demonstrated dependence of bread backing subsi­diary means criteria from the folk nutritional standards and world outlook stereotypes as well as from regional social and economic, natural and geographical factors and peculiarities of material culture.
Read »

On bessarabian and moldavian ukrainians in the studies of historical ethnography
The article has thrown some light upon a sum of scientific findings got during XIX to XXI cc. in historio-ethnographic studies of Bessarabia and Moldavian Ukrainians. In the pre­sent paper has been given author’s answer to the problem of lacking progress as for the numerous themes concerning Ukrainians. State and achievements of the research-works in Ukrainians’ material and spiritual culture by the scientists of Moldavia and Ukraine through the years of independence has been exposed.
Read »