Archive

« 2017. #2 (134)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2017, 2 (134), 275—293.

UDK 391.2­024.544:7.011(477.86­11)”18/192”

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2017.02.275

NAMITKAS OF POKUTTIA ARTISTIC AND AESTHETIC PECULIARITIES IN THE END OF XIX — THE BEGINNING OF XX CENTURY

Nykorak Olena, doctor in Art Studies, professor,

leding research fellow

at Folk Art Department

of the Institute of Ethnology

of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.

Svobody Avenue 15, 79000, Lviv, Ukraine.

Contacts: e-mail: olenanykorak@gmail.com

ORCID ID: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0872-1833

Abstract. Artistic originality of patterned woven namitkas of Pokuttia is investigated, the main types of compositions are defined both the main micro regions are outlined.

Keywords: namitkas of Pokuttia, schemes of compositions, motifs, local coloring.

Received 20.01.2017

REFERENCES

MNAPL AP-2152 [in Ukrainian].
MNAPL AP-18947 [in Ukrainian].
MNAPL AP-18725 [in Ukrainian].
MNAPL AP-15148 [in Ukrainian].
MNAPL AP-7422 [in Ukrainian].
MEKhP EP-78593 [in Ukrainian].
MEKhP EP-73822 [in Ukrainian].
MEKhP EP-21585 [in Ukrainian].
MEKhP EP-21608 [in Ukrainian].
MEKhP EP-78093 [in Ukrainian].
MEKhP EP-31544 [in Ukrainian].
MEKhP EP-21611 [in Ukrainian].
MEKhP EP-78055 [in Ukrainian].
MEKhP EP-21639 [in Ukrainian].
MEKhP EP-65061 [in Ukrainian].
MEKhP EP-12305 [in Ukrainian].
MIH KN-6503 [in Ukrainian].
MIH KN-7748 [in Ukrainian].
MIH KN-6826 [in Ukrainian].
MIH KN-775 [in Ukrainian].
NML T-50653 [in Ukrainian].
NML T-17781 [in Ukrainian].
NML T-17785 [in Ukrainian].
NML T-148488 [in Ukrainian].
NML T-43691 [in Ukrainian].
NML T-705 [in Ukrainian].
NMNMHP № 3728 [in Ukrainian].
NMNMHP № 17706 [in Ukrainian].
NMNMHP № 10403 [in Ukrainian].
NMNMHP № 4522 [in Ukrainian].
NMNMHP № 1434 [in Ukrainian].
NMNMHP № 1435 [in Ukrainian].
NMNMHP № 10230 [in Ukrainian].
NMNMHP № 1855 [in Ukrainian].
NMNMHP № 4194 (b) [in Ukrainian].
NMNMHP № 10511 [in Ukrainian].
NMNMHP № 4522 [in Ukrainian].
NMNMHP № 4176 [in Ukrainian].
NMNMHP № 2758 [in Ukrainian].
NMNMHP № 10304 [in Ukrainian].
NMNMHP № 10304 [in Ukrainian].
NMNMHP № 16089 [in Ukrainian].
NMNMHP № 12952 [in Ukrainian].
NMNMHP № 10709 [in Ukrainian].
NMNMHP № 14260 [in Ukrainian].
NMNMHP № 1412 [in Ukrainian].
NMNMHP № 4526 [in Ukrainian].
NMNMHP № 13064 [in Ukrainian].
NMNMHP № 12310 [in Ukrainian].
NMNMHP № 13096 [in Ukrainian].
NMNMHP № 15226 [in Ukrainian].
NMNMHP № 6260 [in Ukrainian].
NMNMHP № 5421 [in Ukrainian].
NMNMHP № 5378 [in Ukrainian].
NMNMHP № 10710 [in Ukrainian].
NMNMHP № 12311 [in Ukrainian].
NMNMHP № 10709 [in Ukrainian].
NMNMHP № 15662 [in Ukrainian].
NMNMHP № 2757 [in Ukrainian].
NMNMHP № 4420 [in Ukrainian].
NMNMHP № 15897 [in Ukrainian].
NMNMHP № 10403 [in Ukrainian].
NMNMHP № 6416 [in Ukrainian].
NMNMHP № 1771 [in Ukrainian].
NMNMHP № 5838 [in Ukrainian].
NMNMHP № 5829 [in Ukrainian].
NMNMHP № 16090 [in Ukrainian].
NMNMHP № 15879 [in Ukrainian].
NMNMHP № 5371 [in Ukrainian].
NMNMHP № 1739 [in Ukrainian].
NMNMHP № 3067(8) [in Ukrainian].
NMNMHP № 4193(b) [in Ukrainian].
NMNMHP № 1739 [in Ukrainian].
NMNMHP № 4194(b) [in Ukrainian].
NMNMHP № 1408 [in Ukrainian].
NMNMHP № 14259 [in Ukrainian].
NMNMHP № 14212 [in Ukrainian].
NMNMHP № 15880 [in Ukrainian].
NMNMHP № 13600 [in Ukrainian].
NMNMHP № 15427 [in Ukrainian].
TKM T-5542 [in Ukrainian].
TKM T-6670 [in Ukrainian].
TKM T-970 [in Ukrainian].
Bilan, M.S. & Stel’maschuk, H.H. (2000). Ukrains’kyj strij. L’viv: Feniks [in Ukrainian].
Borysenko, V.K. (1988). Vesil’ni zvychai ta obriady na Ukraini (istoryko-etnohrafichne doslidzhennia). Kyiv: Naukova dumka [in Ukrainian].
Vіnnіkava, M.M. & Bogdan P.A. (2009). Skarby z vjaskovyh kufraỹ: Tradicyjny kascjum і tjekstyl’ z kalekcyі «Narodnae mastactva Belaruskaga Palessja» іljustravany katalog. Mіnsk: Belarus. Jencykl. іmja P. Broỹkі [in Belarusian].
Golovackij, Ja.F. (1877). O narodnoj odezhde rusinov ili russkih v Galichine i se-vero-vostochnoj Vengrii. Sankt-Peterburg [in Russian].
Zelenchuk, V., Livshic M. & Hynku I. (1968). Narodnoe dekorativnoe iskusstvo Moldavii. Kishinjov: Kartja Moldovenjaskje [in Moldova].
Zelenchuk, V.S. (1985). Moldavskij nacional’nyj kostjum. Kishinev: Timpul [in Moldova].
Kozholianko, Ya.I. (1994). Bukovyns’kyj tradytsijnyj odiah. Chernivtsi; Saskatun: Frizen Pryntere; Altona; Manitoba [in Ukrainian].
Kosmina, O.Yu. (2011). Tradytsijne vbrannia ukraintsiv (Vol. 2. Polissia. Karpaty). Kyiv: Baltiia-druk [in Ukrainian].
Kurilovich, A.N. (1981). Belorusskoe narodnoe tkachestvo. Minsk: Nauka i tehnika [in Belarusian].
Maslova, G.S. (1956). Narodnaja odezhda russkih, ukraincev i belorussov. In Blomkvist E.Je., Lebedeva N.I. & Maslova G.S. (Eds.) Vostochnoslavjanskij jetnograficheskij sbornik. Moskva: Akademija nauk SSSR [in Russian].
Maslova, G.S. (1984). Narodnaja odezhda v vostochnoslavjanskih tradicionnyh obychajah i obrjadah XІX — nachala XX vv. Moskva: Nauka [in Russian].
Matejko, K.I. (1977). Ukrains’kyj narodnyj odiah. Kyiv: Naukova dumka [in Ukrainian].
Matejko, K.I. & Polians’ka O.V. (1987). Odiah. In Hutsul’schyna: Istory-ko-etnohrafichne doslidzhennia. Kyiv: Naukova dumka [in Ukrainian].
Molchanova, L.A. (1975). Galaỹnye ubory. In Belaruskae narodnae adzenne. Mіnsk: Navuka і tjehnіka [in Belarusian].
Nykorak, O.I. (1988). Suchasni khudozhni tkanyny Ukrains’kykh Karpat. Kyiv: Naukova dumka [in Ukrainian].
Nykorak, O.I. (2004). Ukrains’ka narodna tkanyna XIX—XX st. Typolohiia, lokalizatsiia, khudozhni osoblyvosti. Ch. 1. Inter’ierni tkanyny (za materialamy zakhidnykh ob-lastej Ukrainy). L’viv: Afisha [in Ukrainian].
Olijnyk, O.V. (1997). Khrest i khrestopodibni motyvy u narodnij tkanyni (za materia-lamy doslidzhennia narodnoho tkatstva Pokuttia). Ukrains’ka khrestolohiia: Mystetstvoznavchi doslidzhennia (pp. 95—100). (Spets. vypusk Narodoznavchykh zoshytiv). L’viv [in Ukrainian].
Olijnyk, O.V. (1997). Systema vyrazhal’nykh zasobiv pokuts’kykh tradytsijnykh tkanyn. Narodoznavchi Zoshyty, 1,14—19 [in Ukrainian].
Olijnyk, O.V. (1997). Tradytsijni khudozhni tkanyny Pokuttia kintsia XIX — seredyny XX st. (typolohiia, khudozhni osoblyvosti, systemy vyrazhal’nykh zasobiv): avto-ref. dys. na zdobuttia nauk. stupenia kand. myst. L’viv [in Ukrainian].
Ponomar, L.H. (2015). Narodnyj odiah Pravoberezhnoho Polissia seredyny XIX — seredyny XX stolit’. Istoryko-etnohrafichnyj atlas. Slovnyk. Kyiv: Byznespolyhraf [in Ukrainian].
Postolaki, E.A. (1987). Moldavskoe narodnoe tkachestvo XIX — nachalo XX v. Kishinev: Shtiinca [in Moldova].
Prylypko, Ya.P. (1964). Etnokul’turni zv’iazky bolhar i skhidnykh slov’ian na materiali odiahu. Kyiv: Naukova dumka [in Ukrainian].
Ramanjuk, M.F. (1981). Belaruskae narodnae adzenne. Mіnsk: Belarus’ [in Belarusian].
Rumynskoe narodnoe iskusstvo. (1955). Buharest: Izd-vo rumynskogo instituta kul’turnoj svjazi s zagranicej [in Romania].
Sakhro, M.P. (1978). Dekoratyvno-vzhytkovi tkanyny Kolomyjschyny. Narodna tvorchist’ ta etnohrafiia, 4, 49—58 [in Ukrainian].
Sydorovych, S.J. (1962). Ornamental’ni kompozytsii ukra¬ins’kykh narodnykh tkanyn XIX — pochatku XX st. Materialy z etnohrafii ta mystetstvoznavstva (Vyp. VII—VIII, pp. 39—51). Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
Sydorovych, S.J. (1979). Khudozhnia tkanyna zakhidnykh oblastej URSR. Kyiv: Naukova dumka [in Ukrainian].
Stel’maschuk, H.H. (1993). Tradytsijni holovni ubory ukraintsiv. Kyiv: Naukova dumka [in Ukrainian].
Stel’maschuk, H.H. (2013). Ukrains’ki narodni holovni ubory; vy-dannia druhe — dopovnene i pereroblene. L’viv: Apriori [in Ukrainian].
Folk art in the Rumanian peoples republik. Costumes. Woven textile. Embrosderies: state publishing for litterature and the arts. (1958). Bucuresti [in Romania].
Kolberg, O. (1882). Pokucie. Obraz etnograficzny. (Vol. 1). Kraków [in Polish].

Read»

Our authors
On bessarabian and moldavian ukrainians in the studies of historical ethnography
The article has thrown some light upon a sum of scientific findings got during XIX to XXI cc. in historio-ethnographic studies of Bessarabia and Moldavian Ukrainians. In the pre­sent paper has been given author’s answer to the problem of lacking progress as for the numerous themes concerning Ukrainians. State and achievements of the research-works in Ukrainians’ material and spiritual culture by the scientists of Moldavia and Ukraine through the years of independence has been exposed.
Read »

Boikos’ pandemonium: categories of evil deceased
In the article have been presented some research-work on peculiarities of Boikos’ traditional demonological notions as for so-called evil deceased; on the basis of field records and ethnological literary sources quite a number of scum categories have been defined as well as essential habits, modes of behavior and functions of these personages of people’s demonology.
Read »

Daily bread baking of ukrainians in the south-western ethnographical region at the late XIX to early XXI cc.
The paper has dealt with analytic study in prescriptions, signs, customs, methods, ways of selection, procurement and some peculiarities in usage of subsidiary means — water, firewood and leaves in bread baking. The final aim of the mentioned actions had been (and still is) selection of the means and ingredients fit, by their characteristics, for the backing of bread. The paper has demonstrated dependence of bread backing subsi­diary means criteria from the folk nutritional standards and world outlook stereotypes as well as from regional social and economic, natural and geographical factors and peculiarities of material culture.
Read »

Traditional folk clothes of velikobychkovsky hutsuly of XIX — the first half of XX century
In the study based upon numerous field materials, literature sources as well as ethnographic, historio-cultural and regional museum collections has been performed complex analysis in traditional folk clothes by Hutzul population of Velyky Bychkiv village in Transcarpathian region. Detailed descriptions of femi­nine and masculine clothing complexes of the mentioned area have been presented. In characterizing of those main attention has been paid to the detail of cut in separate components of dress; cut of feminine shirt has been added as an illustration.
Read »