« 2018. #5 (143)

The Ethnology Notebooks, 2018, № 5 (143), 1298—1307

UDK 766:7.012-027.3(477)

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2018.05.1298

Received  16.06.2018

FOLK ORNAMENT AS A SYMBOL OF UKRAINIAN IDENTITY |IN GRAPHIC DESIGN OF THE USSR AND DIASPORA IN 1945—1989

ORCID ID https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8826-0135

Kosiv Vasyl Mykhailovych, Candidate of Art Studies, Associate Professor

of the Department of Graphic Design

of Lviv National Academy of Arts.

Kubiiovycha Street 38, 79011, Lviv, Ukraine.

Contacts: vasylkosiv@yahoo.com

Abstrakt. By comparing the examples of the Soviet Ukrainian posters and periodicals covers of the diaspora of 1945—1989, the article clarifies the peculiarities of using folk ornament as a means of national identification. Being at all levels of the composition and communication hierarchy, folk ornament in graphic design was one of the most flexible symbols. Authors` focus on a small number of embroidery and folk painting motives ensured recognition and expanded its semantic capabilities. As a result, the same ornaments were used in Soviet Ukraine and the Ukrainian diaspora, similar methods and means were popular, while the ideology of the message was opposite.

Keywords: folk ornament, graphic design, Ukrainian identity, Soviet Ukraine, Ukrainian diaspora, posters, periodicals covers.

REFERENCES

Transcript from December 3, 1959. All-Union Meeting on Political Poster. // Central State Archive-Museum of Literature and Art of Ukraine (CSAMLAU). F. 581. National Union of Artists. Op. 1. Spr. 764. Ark. 1–124 [In Russian].
Transcript from January 12, 1967. Discussion on the Exhibition of Political Posters. // CSAMLAU. F. 581. National Union of Artists. Op. 1. Spr. 1396. — Ark. 1–50. [In Ukrainian and Russian].
Second Republican Exhibition of Posters, April 18, 1974. // CSAMLAU. F. 986. Directorate of Exhibitions, National Union of Artists. Op. 1. Spr. 125. Ark. 1–25 [In Ukrainian and Russian].
Andrusiv, P. (1987). Art is the Strongest Weapon. In P. Andrusiv, Art is the Strongest Weapon. Articles, Speeches and Reviews (pp. 84—98). New York-Paris-Sydney-Toronto: Shevchenko Scientific Society [In Ukrainian].
Andrusiv, P. (1987). Ukrainian Artistic Culture. In P. Andrusiv, Art is the Strongest Weapon. Articles, Speeches and Reviews (pp. 3—32). New York-Paris-Sydney-Toronto: Shevchenko Scientific Society [In Ukrainian].
Bilous, L. (2008). Brocard Embroidery in Ukrainian Folk Clothes of the Second Half of the 19th — Beginning of the 20th Century. In Folk Costume as an Expression of National Identity (pp. 38—48). Kyiv: HIK. [In Ukrainian].
Hnizdovskyi, Ya. (1977). One More Time on the UVAN Panel on Art. Svoboda, 102. 2 [In Ukrainian].
History of Ukrainian Art. (1967). (Vol. 2). Kyiv: Naukova Dumka [In Ukrainian].
Kosacheva, O. (1876). Ukrainian Folk Ornament. Embroidery, Textiles, Easter Eggs. Kyiv: S.V. Kulzhenko [In Ukrainian].
Moshynska, O. (1980). Book of Ukrainian Embroidery. Cleveland: Khvyli Dnistra [In Ukrainian].
Petrykivka. Album of the Reproductions from the Collection of Dnipropetrovsk Art and History Museums [Introduction by Liudmila Tverska]. (2004). Dnipropetrovsk: Dniproknyha [In Ukrainian].
Petrova, O. (2004). On the Professional Artist’s Reception of the Folk Heritage. In O., Petrova, Art Studies Reflections (pp. 13—21). Kyiv: Academia [In Ukrainian].
Soloviy, Yu. (1978). The World Through the Smiling Eyes. Memoriam of Mykola Butovych. In Yu., Soloviy, On the Things Bigger than Stars (pp. 105—113). Munich: Suchasnist [In Ukrainian].
Soloviy, Yu. (1978). Creative and Pioneering Work of Hnizdovsky. (On the Occasion of Exhibition of His Woodcuts). In Yu., Soloviy, On the Things Bigger than Stars (pp. 62—69). Munich: Suchasnist [In Ukrainian].

Read»

Our authors
On field exploration of russian and belarusian ethnologists and etnolinguists in Ukrainian Polisia 1945—1980s
In the study based on a wide range of literary materials have been comprehensively characterised field research in Polisia of Ukraine, performed by Russian and Belarusian ethnologists during 1945—1980s as well as Moscow ethnolinguists and other researchers from ethnologic centres of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus in the course of realization of Ethnolinguistic Atlas of Polisia program. Particular attention has been paid to geography, methods, themes and research results of scientific projects.
Read »

Wax candle as ukrainian Christmas and epiphany ritualistic text
For the first time in native ethnology the article has brought some results of special study in sign functionality of a wax candle under the context of Ukrainian Christmas and Epiphany ritualistic text (ritualism of Christmas Eve, New Year, Epiphany Eve and Feast of Epiphany). The study has stated extremely high semiotic position of a wax candle as projection of Sun, mediator between the spheres of sacral and prophane elements, symbolic analogue of human existence, apotropy, cultural symbol re-establishing borders of acculturated space.
Read »

On bessarabian and moldavian ukrainians in the studies of historical ethnography
The article has thrown some light upon a sum of scientific findings got during XIX to XXI cc. in historio-ethnographic studies of Bessarabia and Moldavian Ukrainians. In the pre­sent paper has been given author’s answer to the problem of lacking progress as for the numerous themes concerning Ukrainians. State and achievements of the research-works in Ukrainians’ material and spiritual culture by the scientists of Moldavia and Ukraine through the years of independence has been exposed.
Read »

Maternity ritualism by volhynians in publications of the second half XIX to the early XXI cc.
In the article have been considered some basic landmarks for fixing and publication of ethnographic materials on the maternity rites of Volhynia with analytical study in ritual elements, their kinds and territories of origin. The article has also raised a problem of gaps in studies of maternity rites of Ukrainian historio-ethnographic Volhynia.
Read »