« 2019. #1 (145)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2019, 1 (145), 57—65

UDK 745.52(477):7.036.1 “1930/1960”




Candidate of Art Studies, Associate Professor, Teacher

Institute of Arts of Vasyl Stefanyk

Precarpathian National University,

Department of Design and Theory of Art

34a, Sakharova str., 76000, Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine

Contacts: e-mail:

Abstract. The article deals with the factors of the formation of the phenomena of thematic carpet weaving in the Ukrainian art of the 1930s—1960s. The specifics of the development of this artistic practice in the conditions of the Soviet totalitarian system were highlighted, and the decisive influence of socialist realism on the visual stylistics and the genre structure of the woven panel was determined. The main focus is on carpet themes, hierarchy of genres, and also shown as this kind of carpet weaved on the prospects of Ukrainian and other post-Soviet national textile art schools.

Keywords: thematic carpet, socialist realism, ideology.

Received 25.01.2019


Golomshtok, I. (1994). Totalitarian art. Moscow: Galart [in Russian].
Golomshtok, I. (1976). The language of art under totalitarianism. Kontinent, 7, 331— 391 [in Russian].
Gundorova, T. (2008). Socialist realism: between modern and avant-garde. Slovo і Chas, 4, 4—21 [in Ukrainian].
Gjunter, H. (2000). The Life Stages of the Socialist Realism Canon. In H. Gjuntera, E. Dobrenko (Ed.), Socrealisticheskij kanon (pp. 281—288). St. Petersburg: Academic project [in Russian].
Gjunter, H. (2000). The totalitarian state as a synthesis of the arts. In H. Gjuntera, E. Dobrenko (Ed.), Socrealisticheskij kanon (pp. 7—15). St. Petersburg: Academic project [in Russian].
Dneprov, V. (1957). Ideal image and image typical. Novyj mir, 7, 218—236 [in Russian].
Dobrenko, E. (2004). Socialist Realism and Real Socialism. Colloquia, 18, 57—91 [in Russian].
Dobrjans’ka, І., & Zapasko, Ja. (1956). Carpet weaving artillery «“Victory» in the village of Glynyany, Lviv region. Materials on ethnography and artistic production (Vol. ІІ, pp. 21—23) [in Ukrainian].
Zhdanov, A. (1934). Soviet literature is the most ideological, most advanced literature in the world: speech at the first All-Union Congress of Soviet Writers. Moscow: Hud.lit. [in Russian].
Zhuk, A. (1973). Ukrainian Soviet carpets. Kyiv: Naukova dumka [in Ukrainian].
Zhuk, A. (1981). Ukrainian Leniniana in decorative art. Obrazotvorche mistectvo, 4, 9—11 [in Ukrainian].
Le, І. (1955). Zmichka. In I. Le (Ed.). Writings (pp. 64—75). Kyiv: Derzh. vid-vohud. lіt-ry [in Ukrainian].
Lejderman, N. (2002). Trajectories of the «experimental era». Questions of literature, 4 [in Russian].
Manucharova, N. (1952). Decorative and applied art of the Ukrainian SSR: (According to the exhibition materials 1949). Kyiv: Vid-vo AA URSR [in Ukrainian].
Mochalov, L. (1986). The problem of realism in Soviet art. Problemy sovremennogo iskusstva. In L. Mochalov (Ed.). Problems of Modern Art (pp. 15—22). Moscow: Sovetskij hudozhnik [in Russian].
Novytska, M. (1948). Thematic Carpets of Soviet Ukraine. Visnyk Akademiyi arkhitektury URSR, 4, 24—32 [in Ukrainian].
Petrovskaja, E. (2012). Socialist Realism: High Low Art. In E. Petrovskaja (Ed.). Unnamed: Community. Moscow: Falanster [in Russian].
Rohotchenko, O. (2016). Fine Arts of Ukraine 1940—1960s: ways of development and artistic and stylistic peculiarities. (Doctoral dissertation). Tchaikovsky National Music Academy of Ukraine [in Ukrainian].
Sverbilova, T. (2008). The project of national identification of national social realism and drama of the 30-th of the twentieth century. Slovo i Chas, 4, .21—29 [in Ukrainian].
Fedoriv, U.(2016). Socialist Realistic Canon in the Ukrainian Literature: Mechanisms of Formation and Transformation. (Ph.D. dissertation). Ivan Franko National University of Lviv [in Ukrainian].
Kharkhun, V. (2008). Leniniana as an aesthetic project. Slovo i Chas, 7, 33—43 [in Ukrainian].
Kharkhun, V. (2010). Socialist Realistic Canon in the Ukrainian Literature: Genesis, Development, Modifications (Dr. philos. sci. diss. abstr.). Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
Jankovskaja, G. (2002). Artists in the years of late Stalinism: Everyday life and (or) ideology. Slavica Lundencia, 22, 269—286 [in Russian].


Our authors
Wax candle as ukrainian Christmas and epiphany ritualistic text
For the first time in native ethnology the article has brought some results of special study in sign functionality of a wax candle under the context of Ukrainian Christmas and Epiphany ritualistic text (ritualism of Christmas Eve, New Year, Epiphany Eve and Feast of Epiphany). The study has stated extremely high semiotic position of a wax candle as projection of Sun, mediator between the spheres of sacral and prophane elements, symbolic analogue of human existence, apotropy, cultural symbol re-establishing borders of acculturated space.
Read »

Daily bread baking of ukrainians in the south-western ethnographical region at the late XIX to early XXI cc.
The paper has dealt with analytic study in prescriptions, signs, customs, methods, ways of selection, procurement and some peculiarities in usage of subsidiary means — water, firewood and leaves in bread baking. The final aim of the mentioned actions had been (and still is) selection of the means and ingredients fit, by their characteristics, for the backing of bread. The paper has demonstrated dependence of bread backing subsi­diary means criteria from the folk nutritional standards and world outlook stereotypes as well as from regional social and economic, natural and geographical factors and peculiarities of material culture.
Read »

Traditional folk clothes of velikobychkovsky hutsuly of XIX — the first half of XX century
In the study based upon numerous field materials, literature sources as well as ethnographic, historio-cultural and regional museum collections has been performed complex analysis in traditional folk clothes by Hutzul population of Velyky Bychkiv village in Transcarpathian region. Detailed descriptions of femi­nine and masculine clothing complexes of the mentioned area have been presented. In characterizing of those main attention has been paid to the detail of cut in separate components of dress; cut of feminine shirt has been added as an illustration.
Read »

On field exploration of russian and belarusian ethnologists and etnolinguists in Ukrainian Polisia 1945—1980s
In the study based on a wide range of literary materials have been comprehensively characterised field research in Polisia of Ukraine, performed by Russian and Belarusian ethnologists during 1945—1980s as well as Moscow ethnolinguists and other researchers from ethnologic centres of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus in the course of realization of Ethnolinguistic Atlas of Polisia program. Particular attention has been paid to geography, methods, themes and research results of scientific projects.
Read »