« 2019. № 4 (148)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2019, № 4 (148), 951—1000

УДК 398.332





Candidate of Philology, docent

The Ivan Franko National University of Lviv

Department of Ethnology

1, Universytets’ka str., 79000, L’viv, Ukraine

Contacts: е-mail:

Abstract. The elucidation of the local specificity of certain ethnographic regions nowadays is one of the most important and relevant trends in the study of the traditional culture of Ukrainians.The author sets the goal in the research, to comprehensively describe the national calendar of Bereznivshchyna, which is part of the Western Polissya. The object of the research is the calendar-marked rites, customs, beliefs and folklore of the inhabitants of Bereznivshchyna, and the subject is their general-Ukrainian features, regional and local peculiarities. The methodological basis of the research is the use of basic methods of ethnological science, primarily the method of field ethnography, as well as the development of ethnographers in the field of formation of folk calendars in local areas. The traditional calendar of Bereznivshchyna has not been the subject of special studies yet. This aspect is elucidated in the scientific literature quite sparingly, so the basis of the work is the author’s field materials.

This article describes in detail the register of holidays and dedications, which is important folk component of Bereznivshchyna.

Ritual games with «Kalyta» on Andri’s day, the custom «go to the Gypsies» on Varvara,

«calling the Frost» usually on the Rich kutya attracts attention to the holidays of the folk winter calendar.

The spring period is detemined by the custom of «Kolodka», timed to the Masnycy, with local representations that Marco Klyuchnik in the spring «disposes of the land». Attracted attention is also to the archaic customs of dancing on the cemetery on the Provod, walking «rocking in the rye» on Yuri, as well as a ritualized grazing of the cattle on the grass timed to Yuri.

Among the holidays of the summer complex, the Rusal Week is first of all distinguished. As is typical of the Polissian tradition, a number of rituals, customs and superstitions this week are associated with the notions of mermaids. The peculiarities of local Kupala customs and rituals, accompanied by the production of plant substitute witches, are noted. The local tradition is «to strangle the cuckoo». The variety of rituals with the so-called «beard» attracts attention among harvivarian traditions .

The local peculiarity of autumn holidays is characterized by ideas related to the days of «Miracle» and Exaltation. An important place among the customs and ordinances of the autumn occupy those that are aimed at honoring the ancestors.

It should also be noted that, according to the author’s observation, the southern margins of Bereznivshchyna in some aspects tend to gravitate towards the Volyn ethnographic tradition.

Keywords: Polissya, Bereznivshchyna, calendar customs and ceremonies, Christmas, Easter, Yuri’s day, mermaids week, Kupala.

Received 10.05.2019


Kovalchuk, V. (Ed.), & Hapon, L. (2001). Kupala and Petrovich songs. In Ethnocultural heritage of Rivne Polissya: materials of complex scientific expeditions of the Rivne Folklore and Ethnographic Society (Issue I, pp. 76—91). Rivne: Volyn’s Amulets [in Ukrainian].
Kovalchuk, V., Parkhomenko, T., Ukrainets, A. (3 eds.), & Hapon. L. (2002). Vesnyanki. In Ethnocultural heritage of Rivne Polissya (Issue II, pp. 58—64). Rivne: Perspective [in Ukrainian].
Kovalchuk, V. (2003). Songs from Vitkovychi village of Bereznivsky district. In Ethnocultural heritage of Rivne Polissya (Issue IV, pp. 234—241). Rivne: Perspective [in Ukrainian].
Kovalchuk, V. (Ed.), Hapon, L. (2005). Christmas carols «koliady» and «shchedrivky». Bilka of Bereznivskyi rayon (according to the expedition 1999). In Ethnocultural heritage of Polissya (Issue VІ, pp. 80—92). Rivne: Perspective [in Ukrainian].
Kovalchuk, N.A. (2008). Calendary customs and ordinances of Rivne Polissya: local specificity and transformations (XX — the beginning of the XXI century.): author’s abstract. Dis … Cand. is Sciences: 07.00.05; National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Institute of Art History, Folklore Studies and Ethnology. M.T. Rylsky. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
Parkhomenko, T.P. (2008). Calendar customs and ordinances of the Rivne region: materials of the field research. Rivne: publisher Oleg Zen [in Ukrainian].
Fedas, T.O. (2011). Folklore and ethnographic complex of Mikhail village of Bereznivsky district of Rivne region (scientific work). [in Ukrainian].
Rybak, Y. (2016). Folk songs of Bereznivshchyna: on the materials of the expedition of 2013. Rivne: M. Dyatlik [in Ukrainian].
Kovalchuk, V. (Ed.), & Hapon, L., Boyarska, N. Christmas carols and family gatherings in the village of Bilka, Bereznivsky district. In Chronicle of Bereznivshchyna: scientific notes of Bereznivsky Local Historical Museum (Issue 1, pp. 165—177). Rivne: O. Zen [in Ukrainian].
Parkhomenko, T. (Ed.), & Hapon, L., Boyarska, N. (2011). Calendar-ritual songs of Bereznivshchyna. In Chronicle of Bereznivshchyna: scientific notes of Bereznivsky Local Historical Museum (Issue 1, pp. 178—199). Rivne: O. Zen [in Ukrainian].
Khimina, V. (2015). Calendar-ritual songs of the village of Bilka, Bereznivsky district. Valentine’s Khimina records. Transcriptions of Volodymyr Kozak. In Chronicle of Bereznivshchyna: scientific notes of Bereznivsky Local History Museum (Issue 2, pp. 173—190). Rivne: O. Zen [in Ukrainian].
Guntik, T. (2017). Calendar and ritual songs of the Northern Bereznivshchyna in the system of Polissya folklore. In Chronicle of Bereznivshchyna: scientific notes of Bereznivsky Regional Museum of Local Lore (Issue 3, pp. 133—149). Rivne: O. Zen [in Ukrainian].
Starynska, T. (2011). Treasures of Prince-village. In Chronicle of Bereznivshchyna: scientific notes of Bereznivsky Local History Museum (Issue 1, pp. 148—164). Rivne: O. Zen [in Ukrainian].
Vasyanovich, O. (2015). Water in the Meteorological Beliefs of the Polishchuk in Bereznivshchyna. In Chronicle of Bereznivshchyna: scientific notes of Bereznivsky Local Historical Museum (Issue 2, pp. 139—143). Rivne: O. Zen [in Ukrainian].


Our authors
Traditional folk clothes of velikobychkovsky hutsuly of XIX — the first half of XX century
In the study based upon numerous field materials, literature sources as well as ethnographic, historio-cultural and regional museum collections has been performed complex analysis in traditional folk clothes by Hutzul population of Velyky Bychkiv village in Transcarpathian region. Detailed descriptions of femi­nine and masculine clothing complexes of the mentioned area have been presented. In characterizing of those main attention has been paid to the detail of cut in separate components of dress; cut of feminine shirt has been added as an illustration.
Read »

Maternity ritualism by volhynians in publications of the second half XIX to the early XXI cc.
In the article have been considered some basic landmarks for fixing and publication of ethnographic materials on the maternity rites of Volhynia with analytical study in ritual elements, their kinds and territories of origin. The article has also raised a problem of gaps in studies of maternity rites of Ukrainian historio-ethnographic Volhynia.
Read »

On bessarabian and moldavian ukrainians in the studies of historical ethnography
The article has thrown some light upon a sum of scientific findings got during XIX to XXI cc. in historio-ethnographic studies of Bessarabia and Moldavian Ukrainians. In the pre­sent paper has been given author’s answer to the problem of lacking progress as for the numerous themes concerning Ukrainians. State and achievements of the research-works in Ukrainians’ material and spiritual culture by the scientists of Moldavia and Ukraine through the years of independence has been exposed.
Read »

Boikos’ pandemonium: categories of evil deceased
In the article have been presented some research-work on peculiarities of Boikos’ traditional demonological notions as for so-called evil deceased; on the basis of field records and ethnological literary sources quite a number of scum categories have been defined as well as essential habits, modes of behavior and functions of these personages of people’s demonology.
Read »