« 2021. # 6 (162)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2021. № 6 (162), 1468—1473

UDK 316.267+327.8

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2021.06.1468

THE RELIGIOUS PERSECUTION IN OCCUPIED CRIMEA: PHENOMENOLOGICAL DIMENSION

SHELUKHIN Volodymyr

  • ORCID ID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8931-8757
  • Candidate of Sociological Sciences, Teaching fellow,
  • Department of Social Structures
  •  and Social Relations, Faculty of Sociology,
  • Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv,
  • Volodymyrska str., 64/13, 01601, Kyiv, Ukraine,
  • Contacts: e-mail: vashelukhin@i.ua

Abstract. The research paper explores religious persecution in Crimea, occupied by Russia. The author uses phenomenological perspective in his analysis of narrative interviews with victims of such persecution. The research was provided within the working framework of Regional Center for Human Rights. This center provides monitoring of situation with human rights and civil liberties of Ukrainian citizens in occupied Crimea. The subject of the research is experience of religious persecution. In which way victims react to such persecution? The author identifies significant motives of such reactions. It is the aim of the research. The author uses phenomenological distinction between two different types of motive: in-order-to-motive and because-motive. The results demonstrate that military occupation destructs mutuality of motives as well as natural attitude in everyday life of informants. The author argues that religious persecution under Russian occupation of Crimea not just religious discrimination. The persecution is a part of broad set of institutionalized actions and tools with a particular aim. The Russian occupying administration wants to change the identity and loyalty of Crimean population, creates preconditions for stanch incorporation of Crimea into Russia. Religious and national meanings are essentially interrelated for informants. Their forcible departure informants explain from the perspective of because-motive. At the same time, they explain undesirability of departure other members of their communities with in-order-to-motive, from the point of desirable future. The author identifies discussions that might be a subject of future research: politicization of Islam among Crimean Tatars, changing relationship between national and religious identities.

Keywords: religious persecution, motives, social action, occupied Crimea, national identity, phenomenology, natural attitude.

Received 14.09.2021

REFERENCES

  • Zaiets, S., Martynkovsky, R., & Sviridova, D. Religious occupation: Oppression of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Kyiv Patriarchate (Special issue). RCHR, UHGHR, CHROT, 2019. Retrieved from: https://krymbezpravil.org.ua/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/SBR_religious-occupation_in-russian.pdf (Last accessed: 20.04.2021) [in Russian].
  • Andreiuk, Ye., Moiseeva, A., Kvitsynska, M., Koval, D., & Donets, A. Encyclopedia of Repressions in Crimea since occupation by Russia. Vol. II. Report. Kyiv. Crimea SOS, 2019. Retrieved from: https://krymsos.com/files/6/e/6ec448d.pdf (Last accessed: 20.04.2021) [in Ukrainian].
  • Enforced disappearances in Crimea under Russian occupation 2014—2020. Kyiv. Crimea SOS, 2021. Retrieved from: https://krymsos.com/files/3/a/3a2b987.pdf (Last accessed: 20.04.2021) [in Ukrainian].
  • Schutz, A., & Luckmann, T. (2004). The Structures of the LifeWorld. Kyiv: Ukrainskyi tsentr dukhovnoi cultury [in Ukrainian].
  • Garfinkel, H. (2005). Studies in Ethnomethodology. Kyiv: Kurs [in Ukrainian].
  • Shutz, A. (1962). The Problem of Social Reality: Collected Papers I. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff [in English].
  • Anderson, B (2001). Imagined communities: Reflections on the origin and spread of nationalism. Kyiv: Krytyka [in Ukrainian].

Read»

Our authors
On bessarabian and moldavian ukrainians in the studies of historical ethnography
The article has thrown some light upon a sum of scientific findings got during XIX to XXI cc. in historio-ethnographic studies of Bessarabia and Moldavian Ukrainians. In the pre­sent paper has been given author’s answer to the problem of lacking progress as for the numerous themes concerning Ukrainians. State and achievements of the research-works in Ukrainians’ material and spiritual culture by the scientists of Moldavia and Ukraine through the years of independence has been exposed.
Read »

Traditional folk clothes of velikobychkovsky hutsuly of XIX — the first half of XX century
In the study based upon numerous field materials, literature sources as well as ethnographic, historio-cultural and regional museum collections has been performed complex analysis in traditional folk clothes by Hutzul population of Velyky Bychkiv village in Transcarpathian region. Detailed descriptions of femi­nine and masculine clothing complexes of the mentioned area have been presented. In characterizing of those main attention has been paid to the detail of cut in separate components of dress; cut of feminine shirt has been added as an illustration.
Read »

Daily bread baking of ukrainians in the south-western ethnographical region at the late XIX to early XXI cc.
The paper has dealt with analytic study in prescriptions, signs, customs, methods, ways of selection, procurement and some peculiarities in usage of subsidiary means — water, firewood and leaves in bread baking. The final aim of the mentioned actions had been (and still is) selection of the means and ingredients fit, by their characteristics, for the backing of bread. The paper has demonstrated dependence of bread backing subsi­diary means criteria from the folk nutritional standards and world outlook stereotypes as well as from regional social and economic, natural and geographical factors and peculiarities of material culture.
Read »

On field exploration of russian and belarusian ethnologists and etnolinguists in Ukrainian Polisia 1945—1980s
In the study based on a wide range of literary materials have been comprehensively characterised field research in Polisia of Ukraine, performed by Russian and Belarusian ethnologists during 1945—1980s as well as Moscow ethnolinguists and other researchers from ethnologic centres of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus in the course of realization of Ethnolinguistic Atlas of Polisia program. Particular attention has been paid to geography, methods, themes and research results of scientific projects.
Read »