« 2022. # 1 (163)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2022. № 1 (163), 16—30

UDK 069.12-044.252(477)”2000/…”

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2022.01.016

INTERACTIVITY, INCLUSION AND PARTYSYPATION AS MAIN LINES OF INNOVATIVE PRACTICES OF MUSEUM WORK

KUSHNIR Vitalii

  • ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8809-0108
  • Candidate of Historical Science,
  • Research Fellow,
  • Museum of Ethnography and Art Crafts
  • Of the Institute of Ethnology of the National Academy of Science of Ukraine,
  • 15, Svobody ave., 79000, Lviv, Ukraine,
  • Contacts: e-mail: vitaliy_val@ukr.net

Abstract. Formulation of the problem. In the decades after the Second World War, profound changes in museums’ vision of their social role and place in the socio-cultural space were embodied in new forms of museum practice, new technologies of museum communication, which over time became firmly established in modern museums. Today, they are gaining a stronger position in the current Ukrainian museum practice. Against the background of considerable achievements in this direction of development, some moments of changes in the work of museums encourage critical reflection. On the other hand, many Ukrainian museums are unacceptably lagging behind the requirements of the time in implementing the changes in their work, on the need for which there is a consensus in the museum environment today.

The aim of the article is to analyze, in a broad museological context, interactive technologies of museum work, inclusive components of museums, as well as participatory museum activity, highlight the current experience of domestic museums in these areas and features of their implementation in Ukrainian museum practice.

The chronological framework of the paper is determined by the period after 2000, when, against the background of the rapid development of museological research in Ukraine, the process of transformation of all major areas of practical activities of museums has accelerated significantly.

The analysis of new forms of work of Ukrainian museums allowed to allocate, among a wide range of museum innovations, interactive forms of work, inclusiveness, and also museum participation. Their common feature is the desire to attract audiences more and deeper to the museum space. Today, interactivity and inclusion are becoming more common in the current practice of Ukrainian museums, a «must have» of museum work. Participatory museum work is currently represented by the initiatives of individual museums. At the same time, innovative museum practices sometimes pose questions to museum workers who don’t have obvious or simple answers, and encourage them to find a balance between innovation and traditional museum tasks.

Keywords: museology, museum practice, museum inclusion, interactivity, participatory museum activity.

Received 11.01.2022

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