« 2017. #6 (138)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2017, 6 (138), 1591—1600

UDK 75.03 (520)

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2017.06.1591

Received 12.12.2017


Rybalko Svitlana, PHD in Art Studies, professor, Head of the Department of Art, Literary Studies and Linguistics of the Kharkiv State Academy of Culture

Bursatskyi uzviz, 4, Kharkiv, 61057, Ukraine,

Contacts: Tel. (057) 7311385; e-mail: rector@ic.ac.kharkov.ua

Abstract. Ritual and artistic components of Japanese Noh theatre are pointed out in the article. Means of preserving and handing down of this unique cultural tradition, actions to promote Nogaku art in Japan and in the world are highlighted. The role of Noh theatre in the dialogue of cultures is emphasized. International programs on the study of Nogaku art are highlighted.

Keywords: Noh theatre, Japanese culture, traditional theatre, Japanese art, ritual, dialogue of cultures.


Anarina, N.G. (2008). Istorija japonskogo teatra. Drevnost’ i srednevekov’e: skvoz’ veka v XXI stoletie. Moskva : Natalis [in Russian].
Anarina, N.G. (1984). Japonskij teatr no. Moskva : Nauka [in Russian].
Anarina, N.G. (2003). Sakral’naja telesnost’ japonskoj hudozhestvennoj veshhi. In N.G.Anarina & E.M.D’jakonova (Eds.), Veshh’ v japonskoj kul’ture (pp. 185—201). Moskva : Vostochnaja literatura [in Russian].
Dzjeami, M. & Anarina, N. (Ed.) (1989). Predanie o cvetke stilja (Fusi kadjen) ili Predanie o cvetke (Kadjensjo). Moskva : Nauka [in Russian].
Salz, J. (Ed.). (2016). A History of Japanese Theatre. Cambridge : University Press.
Ernst, E. (1969). The Influence of Japanese Theatrical Style on Western Theatre. Educational Theatre Jour­nal, 21 (2), 127—138.
Cavaye Ronald, Griffith Paul, Senda Akihiko & Nomura Mansai. (2004). A Guide to the Japanese Stage: from Traditional to Cutting Edge. Tokyo : Kōdansha.
Grossman, E. (2008). Under the Burden of Nô: Community Life in Kurokawa and the Ritual Nō Performances. In S. Scholz­Cionca ­& Ch. Balme (Eds.), Proceedings of the International Symposium «Nō Theatre Transversal. Crossing Borders between Genres, Cul­tures and Identities» (pp. 49—65.). München : Iudicium.
Scholz­Cionca, S., Leiter, S.L. (Eds). (2000). Japanese theatre and the international stage. Leiden: Brill Academic Pub.
Leiter, S.L. (2006). Historical Dictionary of Japanese Traditional The­atre. Lan­ham; Maryland; Toronto; Oxford : The Scarecrow Press.
Malm, W. (2000). Nōgaku, the Music of Noh Drama. In Traditional Japanese music and musical instruments (pp. 119—148). USA : Kodansha.
Merrit, H., Yamada, N. (1975). Guide to Modern Japanese Prints: 1900—1975. Honolulu:  University of Hawai’i Press.
Pate, A.S. (2008). Japanese dolls: The fascinating world of ningyo. Tokyo : Tuttle publishing.
Shaap, R., Rimer, Th. (2010). The Beauty of Silence: Japanese No and Nature Prints by Tsukioka Kogyo 1869—1927. Leiden : Hotei Publishing.
Shinichi, S. (1985). Yoshitoshi: the Splendid Decadent. Tokyo : Kodansha.
Takanori, F. (2008). Nō and Kyōgen: music from medieval the­atre. In A. Tokita, D.W. Hughes (Eds.), The Ashgate research companion to Japanese music (pp. 127—144). Farnham : Ashgate Publishing.
Tyler, R. (1987). Buddhism in Noh. Japanese Journal of Religious Studies, 14 (1), 19—52.
Yamagata Kurokawa Noh. Retrieved from http://www.lifebeyondtourism.org/istituzione/577/Yamagata­Kurokawanoh (Last accessed: 19.09.2017)
Yamaguchi Yasujiro. Epizode 2: Various chants of Nogaku. Retrieved from http://www.the­noh.com/en/people/sa­saeru/007_episode2.html (Last accessed:04.10.2017)


Our authors
On bessarabian and moldavian ukrainians in the studies of historical ethnography
The article has thrown some light upon a sum of scientific findings got during XIX to XXI cc. in historio-ethnographic studies of Bessarabia and Moldavian Ukrainians. In the pre­sent paper has been given author’s answer to the problem of lacking progress as for the numerous themes concerning Ukrainians. State and achievements of the research-works in Ukrainians’ material and spiritual culture by the scientists of Moldavia and Ukraine through the years of independence has been exposed.
Read »

Daily bread baking of ukrainians in the south-western ethnographical region at the late XIX to early XXI cc.
The paper has dealt with analytic study in prescriptions, signs, customs, methods, ways of selection, procurement and some peculiarities in usage of subsidiary means — water, firewood and leaves in bread baking. The final aim of the mentioned actions had been (and still is) selection of the means and ingredients fit, by their characteristics, for the backing of bread. The paper has demonstrated dependence of bread backing subsi­diary means criteria from the folk nutritional standards and world outlook stereotypes as well as from regional social and economic, natural and geographical factors and peculiarities of material culture.
Read »

On field exploration of russian and belarusian ethnologists and etnolinguists in Ukrainian Polisia 1945—1980s
In the study based on a wide range of literary materials have been comprehensively characterised field research in Polisia of Ukraine, performed by Russian and Belarusian ethnologists during 1945—1980s as well as Moscow ethnolinguists and other researchers from ethnologic centres of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus in the course of realization of Ethnolinguistic Atlas of Polisia program. Particular attention has been paid to geography, methods, themes and research results of scientific projects.
Read »

Wax candle as ukrainian Christmas and epiphany ritualistic text
For the first time in native ethnology the article has brought some results of special study in sign functionality of a wax candle under the context of Ukrainian Christmas and Epiphany ritualistic text (ritualism of Christmas Eve, New Year, Epiphany Eve and Feast of Epiphany). The study has stated extremely high semiotic position of a wax candle as projection of Sun, mediator between the spheres of sacral and prophane elements, symbolic analogue of human existence, apotropy, cultural symbol re-establishing borders of acculturated space.
Read »