« 2018. #2 (140)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2018, 2 (140), 469—477.

UDK 377.011:745/749.031](477.86-21)

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2018.02.469

Received  6.02.2018

THE ROLE OF KOSIV CENTER OF ART EDUCATION IN THE PRESERVATION OF TRADITIONAL CRAFTS OF HUTSULSHCHYNA

Chikh-Knysh Bohdana, candidate of arts (Ph. D)

associate professorat the Department of Art History and Humanities,

Kosiv`s State Institute Decorative and Applied Art LNAA.

32 Stephan Bandera str., Kosiv, Ivano-Frankivsk region, 78600, Ukraine

Abstrakt. The center of Kosiv art school, which was formed on the basis of traditional crafts that have been functioning in Hutsulshchyna for centuries, is considered. It is emphasized that du­ring the 20th centuries the forms and educational levels of the academic institution in Kosiv have been changed, though the strategy of teaching that was based on the learning of folk technologies, compositional structures and ornaments was consistent. It contributed to the preservation of pottery, wood-carving, bondarstvo (a kind of woodworking), carpet wea­ving, cloth-work, mosiazhnytstvo (a kind of artistic metal processing), needlework and furriery. The names of teachers, artists, craftsmen whose creative work favored the preservation of traditional crafts were introduced into the scientific circulation.

Keywords: the center of art education, traditional crafts, folk technologies.

REFERENCES

Harkus, O. (2007). Zberezhennia ta rozvytok narodnykh tradytsij khudozhn’oho metalu Hutsul’schyny v kosivs’komu instytuti prykladnoho ta dekoratyvnoho mystetstva. Visnyk LNAM. L’viv: LNAM [in Ukrainian].
Dilo. (1923, 20) [in Ukrainian].
Kolos, H. (2002). Pytannia styl’ovoho spriamuvannia navchal’noho protsesu na viddili khudozhn’oi keramiky Kosivs’koho koledzhu imeni V.I. Kasiiana. Mystets’ki studii’02. Kosiv: Pysanyj kamin’ [in Ukrainian].
Kushnir, O. (2016). Rol’ viddilu khudozhn’oi keramiky Kosivs’koho instytutu prykladnoho ta dekoratyvnoho mystetstva u zberezhenni j rozvytku tradytsij vyhotovlennia ta dekoruvannia narodnoi keramiky Hutsul’schyny. Visnyk LNAM, 30. L’viv: LNAM [in Ukrainian].
Laschuk, Yu. (1955). Hutsul’s’ka keramika. Kyiv: Derzhavne vydavnytstvo literatury z budivnytstva i arkhitektury URSR [in Ukrainian].
Nykorak, O. (2012). Dosiahnennia Kateryny Susak. Visnyk LNAM, 23. L’viv: LNAM [in Ukrainian].
Pelypejko, I. (2004). Mistechko nad rybnytseiu. Kosiv: Pysanyj kamin’ [in Ukrainian].
Pryjmak, J. (2007). Istorychni aspekty stanovlennia kosovs’koi shkoly khudozhn’oho riz’blennia. Visnyk LNAM. L’viv: LNAM [in Ukrainian].
Susak, K. (2007). Do istorii zasnuvannia ta stanovlennia kosivs’koi mystets’koi shkoly (z nahody 125-richnytsi diial’nosti). Visnyk LNAM. L’viv: LNAM [in Ukrainian].
Susak, K. & Stef’iuk, N. (2006). Ukrains’ke narodne vyshyvannia. Kyiv: Naukovyj svit [in Ukrainian].
Shmahalo, R. (2005). Mystets’ka osvita v Ukraini seredyny XIX—XX st. Strukturu-vannia, metodolohiia, khudozhni pozytsii. L’viv: Ukrains’ki tekhnolohii [in Ukrainian].
Kosivs’kyj instytut prykladnoho ta dekoratyvnoho mystetstva. Retrieved from: http://lnam.edu.ua/uk/kosiv_institute.html.

Read»

Our authors
On bessarabian and moldavian ukrainians in the studies of historical ethnography
The article has thrown some light upon a sum of scientific findings got during XIX to XXI cc. in historio-ethnographic studies of Bessarabia and Moldavian Ukrainians. In the pre­sent paper has been given author’s answer to the problem of lacking progress as for the numerous themes concerning Ukrainians. State and achievements of the research-works in Ukrainians’ material and spiritual culture by the scientists of Moldavia and Ukraine through the years of independence has been exposed.
Read »

On field exploration of russian and belarusian ethnologists and etnolinguists in Ukrainian Polisia 1945—1980s
In the study based on a wide range of literary materials have been comprehensively characterised field research in Polisia of Ukraine, performed by Russian and Belarusian ethnologists during 1945—1980s as well as Moscow ethnolinguists and other researchers from ethnologic centres of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus in the course of realization of Ethnolinguistic Atlas of Polisia program. Particular attention has been paid to geography, methods, themes and research results of scientific projects.
Read »

Maternity ritualism by volhynians in publications of the second half XIX to the early XXI cc.
In the article have been considered some basic landmarks for fixing and publication of ethnographic materials on the maternity rites of Volhynia with analytical study in ritual elements, their kinds and territories of origin. The article has also raised a problem of gaps in studies of maternity rites of Ukrainian historio-ethnographic Volhynia.
Read »

Traditional folk clothes of velikobychkovsky hutsuly of XIX — the first half of XX century
In the study based upon numerous field materials, literature sources as well as ethnographic, historio-cultural and regional museum collections has been performed complex analysis in traditional folk clothes by Hutzul population of Velyky Bychkiv village in Transcarpathian region. Detailed descriptions of femi­nine and masculine clothing complexes of the mentioned area have been presented. In characterizing of those main attention has been paid to the detail of cut in separate components of dress; cut of feminine shirt has been added as an illustration.
Read »