« 2019. #1 (145)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2019, 1 (145), 103—112

UDK 371.671.1
DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2019.01.103


URSU Valentina

ORCID ID: http://www.upsc.md

PhD in History,

Univ. Head of the Department of Geography and Cultural Heritage

State Pedagogical University «Ion Creanga», 1,

Iona Creanga str., MD-2069, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova

Contacts: e-mail: ursuvalentina@yahoo.com

Abstract. In the present study we analyse several history books for secondary schools, elaborated by the authors of the Republic of Moldova and edited during the period of 1995—2014. We examine the criteria submitted for a school manual, as well as the didactic support, the cultural contents and the tasks proposed to the pupils. The authors of the textbooks are established scholars in the field of history, university and school teachers with a rich pedagogical experience. It has been found that textbooks allow pupils to get acquainted with more achievements of material culture: settlements, dwellings, occupations, clothing, folk traditions, some aspects of spiritual life, heritage remains preserved to this day. Although the textbooks give less space to the lessons devoted to everyday life, in comparison with political and economic life, students have the opportunity to develop skills to research, analyse and interpret primary sources, texts, images, etc. The contents of textbooks express the fundamentals of identity, moral and aesthetic values of nations.

Keywords: school textbooks, patrimony, everyday life, material vestiges, occupations, clothing, spiritual culture.

Received 6.12.2018


Ann, Low-Beer (1997). Council of Europe and History in School. Strasbourg [in Romanian].
Musteatsa, S. (2006). How to elaborate and analyze school textbooks. Chisinau: Cartdidact [in Romanian].
Cherbushka, P., Haheu, V., Gontsa, Gh., & Petrovski, N. (2011). The universal history. Manual for cl. and yeah. Chisinau: Science [in Romanian].
Gontsa, Gh., Parasca, P., Cherbushka, P., Haheu, V., & Petrovski, N. (2000). The universal history. History of Romanians. Manual for cl. and yeah. Chisinau: Science [in Romanian].
Nekuletsa, I., Potlog, V., & Arnaut, T. (2000). History. The ancient and ancient age. Manual for cl. and yeah. Chisinau: Light [in Romanian].
Popovich, C., Popovich, A. History. (2005). Manual for cl. V. Chisinau: Lumina [in Romanian].
Dragnev, D., Cocarla, P., Gontsa, Gh., & Dragnev, E. (2001). The universal history and the Romanians. Manual for cl. VI. Chisinau: Science [in Romanian].
Dragnev, D., Drachenberg, C., & Ojog, I. (2011). Universal History. History of Romanians. Modern age. Manual for cl. VII. Chisinau: Science [in Romanian].
Drachenberg, C., Chertan, E., Cozma, V., & Cerbushka, P. (2004). Universal history. Modern age. Part II. Teacher’s handbook for cl. And VIII. Chisinau: International Prut [in Romanian].
Boico, P., Cinciley, V., & Veveritsa, M. (2006). History. Manual for cl. and VIII. Chisinau: Pedagogic Universe [in Romanian].
Kicush, N., Danu, E., Dragnev, D., & Negrey, I. (2004). The History of Romanians. Modern age. Part II (1850—1918). Teacher’s handbook for cl. and VIII. Chisinau: International Prut [in Romanian].
History (2009). The Modern Age (1850—1918). Manual for cl. and VIII. Varta, I., Sharov, I., Ojog, I. et. al. Chisinau: Cartdidact [in Romanian].
Sharov, I., Cashu, I., Dobzeu, M., & Cerbushka, P. (2013). Romanian History and Universal.
Manual for cl. IX. Chisinau: Cartdidact [in Romanian].
Petrenku, A. (2000). Contemporary universal history, 1918—2000. Manual for cl. IX. Chisinau: Prometheus [in Romanian].


Our authors
Boikos’ pandemonium: categories of evil deceased
In the article have been presented some research-work on peculiarities of Boikos’ traditional demonological notions as for so-called evil deceased; on the basis of field records and ethnological literary sources quite a number of scum categories have been defined as well as essential habits, modes of behavior and functions of these personages of people’s demonology.
Read »

On field exploration of russian and belarusian ethnologists and etnolinguists in Ukrainian Polisia 1945—1980s
In the study based on a wide range of literary materials have been comprehensively characterised field research in Polisia of Ukraine, performed by Russian and Belarusian ethnologists during 1945—1980s as well as Moscow ethnolinguists and other researchers from ethnologic centres of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus in the course of realization of Ethnolinguistic Atlas of Polisia program. Particular attention has been paid to geography, methods, themes and research results of scientific projects.
Read »

Daily bread baking of ukrainians in the south-western ethnographical region at the late XIX to early XXI cc.
The paper has dealt with analytic study in prescriptions, signs, customs, methods, ways of selection, procurement and some peculiarities in usage of subsidiary means — water, firewood and leaves in bread baking. The final aim of the mentioned actions had been (and still is) selection of the means and ingredients fit, by their characteristics, for the backing of bread. The paper has demonstrated dependence of bread backing subsi­diary means criteria from the folk nutritional standards and world outlook stereotypes as well as from regional social and economic, natural and geographical factors and peculiarities of material culture.
Read »

Maternity ritualism by volhynians in publications of the second half XIX to the early XXI cc.
In the article have been considered some basic landmarks for fixing and publication of ethnographic materials on the maternity rites of Volhynia with analytical study in ritual elements, their kinds and territories of origin. The article has also raised a problem of gaps in studies of maternity rites of Ukrainian historio-ethnographic Volhynia.
Read »