« 2019. #1 (145)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2019, 1 (145), 103—112

UDK 371.671.1
DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2019.01.103

REFLECTING THE DAILY LIFE OF PEOPLE IN HIGH SCHOOL HISTORY TEXTBOOKS FOR THE GYMNASIUM LEVEL IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

URSU Valentina

ORCID ID: http://www.upsc.md

PhD in History,

Univ. Head of the Department of Geography and Cultural Heritage

State Pedagogical University «Ion Creanga», 1,

Iona Creanga str., MD-2069, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova

Contacts: e-mail: ursuvalentina@yahoo.com

Abstract. In the present study we analyse several history books for secondary schools, elaborated by the authors of the Republic of Moldova and edited during the period of 1995—2014. We examine the criteria submitted for a school manual, as well as the didactic support, the cultural contents and the tasks proposed to the pupils. The authors of the textbooks are established scholars in the field of history, university and school teachers with a rich pedagogical experience. It has been found that textbooks allow pupils to get acquainted with more achievements of material culture: settlements, dwellings, occupations, clothing, folk traditions, some aspects of spiritual life, heritage remains preserved to this day. Although the textbooks give less space to the lessons devoted to everyday life, in comparison with political and economic life, students have the opportunity to develop skills to research, analyse and interpret primary sources, texts, images, etc. The contents of textbooks express the fundamentals of identity, moral and aesthetic values of nations.

Keywords: school textbooks, patrimony, everyday life, material vestiges, occupations, clothing, spiritual culture.

Received 6.12.2018

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