« 2019. #1 (145)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2019, 1 (145), 103—112

UDK 371.671.1
DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2019.01.103

REFLECTING THE DAILY LIFE OF PEOPLE IN HIGH SCHOOL HISTORY TEXTBOOKS FOR THE GYMNASIUM LEVEL IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

URSU Valentina

ORCID ID: http://www.upsc.md

PhD in History,

Univ. Head of the Department of Geography and Cultural Heritage

State Pedagogical University «Ion Creanga», 1,

Iona Creanga str., MD-2069, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova

Contacts: e-mail: ursuvalentina@yahoo.com

Abstract. In the present study we analyse several history books for secondary schools, elaborated by the authors of the Republic of Moldova and edited during the period of 1995—2014. We examine the criteria submitted for a school manual, as well as the didactic support, the cultural contents and the tasks proposed to the pupils. The authors of the textbooks are established scholars in the field of history, university and school teachers with a rich pedagogical experience. It has been found that textbooks allow pupils to get acquainted with more achievements of material culture: settlements, dwellings, occupations, clothing, folk traditions, some aspects of spiritual life, heritage remains preserved to this day. Although the textbooks give less space to the lessons devoted to everyday life, in comparison with political and economic life, students have the opportunity to develop skills to research, analyse and interpret primary sources, texts, images, etc. The contents of textbooks express the fundamentals of identity, moral and aesthetic values of nations.

Keywords: school textbooks, patrimony, everyday life, material vestiges, occupations, clothing, spiritual culture.

Received 6.12.2018

REFERENCES

Ann, Low-Beer (1997). Council of Europe and History in School. Strasbourg [in Romanian].
Musteatsa, S. (2006). How to elaborate and analyze school textbooks. Chisinau: Cartdidact [in Romanian].
Cherbushka, P., Haheu, V., Gontsa, Gh., & Petrovski, N. (2011). The universal history. Manual for cl. and yeah. Chisinau: Science [in Romanian].
Gontsa, Gh., Parasca, P., Cherbushka, P., Haheu, V., & Petrovski, N. (2000). The universal history. History of Romanians. Manual for cl. and yeah. Chisinau: Science [in Romanian].
Nekuletsa, I., Potlog, V., & Arnaut, T. (2000). History. The ancient and ancient age. Manual for cl. and yeah. Chisinau: Light [in Romanian].
Popovich, C., Popovich, A. History. (2005). Manual for cl. V. Chisinau: Lumina [in Romanian].
Dragnev, D., Cocarla, P., Gontsa, Gh., & Dragnev, E. (2001). The universal history and the Romanians. Manual for cl. VI. Chisinau: Science [in Romanian].
Dragnev, D., Drachenberg, C., & Ojog, I. (2011). Universal History. History of Romanians. Modern age. Manual for cl. VII. Chisinau: Science [in Romanian].
Drachenberg, C., Chertan, E., Cozma, V., & Cerbushka, P. (2004). Universal history. Modern age. Part II. Teacher’s handbook for cl. And VIII. Chisinau: International Prut [in Romanian].
Boico, P., Cinciley, V., & Veveritsa, M. (2006). History. Manual for cl. and VIII. Chisinau: Pedagogic Universe [in Romanian].
Kicush, N., Danu, E., Dragnev, D., & Negrey, I. (2004). The History of Romanians. Modern age. Part II (1850—1918). Teacher’s handbook for cl. and VIII. Chisinau: International Prut [in Romanian].
History (2009). The Modern Age (1850—1918). Manual for cl. and VIII. Varta, I., Sharov, I., Ojog, I. et. al. Chisinau: Cartdidact [in Romanian].
Sharov, I., Cashu, I., Dobzeu, M., & Cerbushka, P. (2013). Romanian History and Universal.
Manual for cl. IX. Chisinau: Cartdidact [in Romanian].
Petrenku, A. (2000). Contemporary universal history, 1918—2000. Manual for cl. IX. Chisinau: Prometheus [in Romanian].

Read»

Our authors
Traditional folk clothes of velikobychkovsky hutsuly of XIX — the first half of XX century
In the study based upon numerous field materials, literature sources as well as ethnographic, historio-cultural and regional museum collections has been performed complex analysis in traditional folk clothes by Hutzul population of Velyky Bychkiv village in Transcarpathian region. Detailed descriptions of femi­nine and masculine clothing complexes of the mentioned area have been presented. In characterizing of those main attention has been paid to the detail of cut in separate components of dress; cut of feminine shirt has been added as an illustration.
Read »

Maternity ritualism by volhynians in publications of the second half XIX to the early XXI cc.
In the article have been considered some basic landmarks for fixing and publication of ethnographic materials on the maternity rites of Volhynia with analytical study in ritual elements, their kinds and territories of origin. The article has also raised a problem of gaps in studies of maternity rites of Ukrainian historio-ethnographic Volhynia.
Read »

Wax candle as ukrainian Christmas and epiphany ritualistic text
For the first time in native ethnology the article has brought some results of special study in sign functionality of a wax candle under the context of Ukrainian Christmas and Epiphany ritualistic text (ritualism of Christmas Eve, New Year, Epiphany Eve and Feast of Epiphany). The study has stated extremely high semiotic position of a wax candle as projection of Sun, mediator between the spheres of sacral and prophane elements, symbolic analogue of human existence, apotropy, cultural symbol re-establishing borders of acculturated space.
Read »

Boikos’ pandemonium: categories of evil deceased
In the article have been presented some research-work on peculiarities of Boikos’ traditional demonological notions as for so-called evil deceased; on the basis of field records and ethnological literary sources quite a number of scum categories have been defined as well as essential habits, modes of behavior and functions of these personages of people’s demonology.
Read »