« 2019. № 3 (147)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2019, № 3 (147), 698—704

UDK 398.341; 398.4 (477.82/.84)





Candidate of Philology, Docent

The Ivan Franko National University of Lviv

Department of Ethnology

1, Universytets’ka str., 79000, L’viv, Ukraine

Contacts: е-mail:

Abstract. The proposed publication examines the traditional building ceremonies of the Manevychi district of the Volyn region. On the basis of expeditionary materials, customs, rituals and demonological representations and beliefs that accompany various stages of building of dwelling and housewarming are considered.

In particular, a number of views discussed in the publication relate to the selection of construction materials. In order not to hurt the people in the new building, for the construction did not use the trees that twisted the storm or broke the lightning, crepe tree, tree with a sprout from the core («candle»), trees on two trunks («twins»), that grew in the cemetery; also not built of aspen.

Unfavorable homes recognize the places of former burials or those that are in dispute, also did not build on former boundaries or roads, on the old «okapin», did not erect a new home around the old one. By some means, they searched for a «warm» place for the house, preferably on their own land.

At the huts of the house everywhere practiced laying on the foundations of money to provide wealth in the house, as the apotropians put sacred herbs and incense. An important role in lending was played by the person of the wizard, so «healers» tried not to hire. Somewhere in the place where the table is standing, a crochet was tied up. The structure was completed by installing on the rafters a «wreath» («bouquet», «flowers»).

To have plenty in the house, a cat or a cock, a chicken, sometimes a dog was allowed to go in there in front of the entrances. There are references to invitations to a new dwelling house. On the inside of the first man came to the house as the owner of the house. Ritual function in this rite was bread.

It was stated that the construction ritual of Manevychi district corresponds to the ritual of other western regions, because it is based on the same realities and expresses identical motives.

Keywords: Western Polissya, Manevychi district, construction ceremonial, institutions, entrances, hobgoblin.

Received 10.05.2019


Archive DNCZKSTK. F. Manevychi-2016. Op. save V. Halaichuk [in Ukrainian].
Siletskyi, R. (2011). Traditional building rites of Ukrainians. Lviv: The Ivan Franko National University of Lviv [in Ukrainian].


Our authors
Wax candle as ukrainian Christmas and epiphany ritualistic text
For the first time in native ethnology the article has brought some results of special study in sign functionality of a wax candle under the context of Ukrainian Christmas and Epiphany ritualistic text (ritualism of Christmas Eve, New Year, Epiphany Eve and Feast of Epiphany). The study has stated extremely high semiotic position of a wax candle as projection of Sun, mediator between the spheres of sacral and prophane elements, symbolic analogue of human existence, apotropy, cultural symbol re-establishing borders of acculturated space.
Read »

On bessarabian and moldavian ukrainians in the studies of historical ethnography
The article has thrown some light upon a sum of scientific findings got during XIX to XXI cc. in historio-ethnographic studies of Bessarabia and Moldavian Ukrainians. In the pre­sent paper has been given author’s answer to the problem of lacking progress as for the numerous themes concerning Ukrainians. State and achievements of the research-works in Ukrainians’ material and spiritual culture by the scientists of Moldavia and Ukraine through the years of independence has been exposed.
Read »

Maternity ritualism by volhynians in publications of the second half XIX to the early XXI cc.
In the article have been considered some basic landmarks for fixing and publication of ethnographic materials on the maternity rites of Volhynia with analytical study in ritual elements, their kinds and territories of origin. The article has also raised a problem of gaps in studies of maternity rites of Ukrainian historio-ethnographic Volhynia.
Read »

Traditional folk clothes of velikobychkovsky hutsuly of XIX — the first half of XX century
In the study based upon numerous field materials, literature sources as well as ethnographic, historio-cultural and regional museum collections has been performed complex analysis in traditional folk clothes by Hutzul population of Velyky Bychkiv village in Transcarpathian region. Detailed descriptions of femi­nine and masculine clothing complexes of the mentioned area have been presented. In characterizing of those main attention has been paid to the detail of cut in separate components of dress; cut of feminine shirt has been added as an illustration.
Read »