« 2019. № 4 (148)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2019, № 4 (148), 898—905

УДК 398(477/82)”194/196″:393.15

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2019.04.898



ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4415-002X

Candidate of philology sciences (= Ph.D. in philology),

Researcher at the Institute of Ethnology

of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine,

Dement of Folkloristic,

15, Svobody Avenue, 79000, Lviv, Ukraine.

Contacts: Е-mail: mdemedyuk@gmail.com

Abstract. Interethnic interactions are an integral part of a social system. The study of the nature of the contacts of the ruling ethnic group with national minorities in a mono-ethnic country is very relevant today. The goal of author is to clarify the specifics of interethnic interaction during the Second World War in pairs of Ukrainian-Poles, Ukrainian Jews, Ukrainian-Germans. The object of the research is the folklore narrative of the Volyn Polissya, and the subject is reflection in the texts the specifics of the contacts of Ukrainians with the adjacent ethnic groups in the conditions of wartime. The methodological basis of research is the principles of objectivity and historicism of folklore. To study interethnic interactions, the methodology of Ukrainian and foreign historians, ethno-sociologists and folk prose researchers (V. Sergiychuk, O. Bricyna and L. Mushketyk, etc.) was used. Folklore expeditions were conducted to form the source base, during which the material was recorded with the help of an oral questioning of respondents according to a pre-prepared questionnaire. The reproduction of ethnic conflicts and co-operation in the narratives of the Volyn Polissya is not sufficiently highlighted in the special research. This aspect is covered by the authors rather quickly, without proper analysis, so the basis of the work is the author’s field.

The article is devoted the problems of interaction of Ukrainians with representatives of other ethnic communities that lived compactly on the territory of Volyn Polissya during the Second World War. It turns out that changes are affecting Ukrainians with the Jewish population, ranging from passive observation and cohabitation to compassion and effort to help. The nature and causes of the Polish-Ukrainian confrontation in the Volyn Polissya, as documented in the folk stories of tragic events since the German occupation, are presented. Particular attention is drawn to the image in the narratives of the interaction of the local population of the province with the German soldiers of the regular army, which has mostly a positive connotation. The nature of the counteraction to the relationship with the German SS units, which were often confronted with inexperienced insurgents.

Keywords: ethnic intercourse, ethnic minorities, political situation, folklore narrative, oral historiographical evidences.

Received 13.06.2019


Yevtukh, V.B., Troshchyns’kyy, V.P., & Halushko, K.Yu. (2003). Ethnic Sociology: Terms and Concepts. Tutorial. Kyiv: Feniks [in Ukrainian].
Savyts’ka, O.V. (2011). Ethnopsychology: a manual for the students. Kyiv: Karavel [in Ukrainian].
Hulay, V. (2006). Ethnopolitical conflicts and ethnic mobilization in Western Ukraine during the Second World War. In Ukrainian national idea: realities and prospects of development: (collection of scientific works) (Issue 18, pp. 81—86). L’viv: Publishing House of the National University «Lviv Polytechnic» [in Ukrainian].
Hulay, V. (2011). Interethnic communication in Western Ukraine during the Second World War Monograph. L’viv: Lviv Polytechnic Publishing House [in Ukrainian]. 905
Matsiyevs’kyy, Yu. (2005). Ethnic conflict as a social phenomenon: state of problem development. In Scientific notes of the Institute of Political and Ethnic Studies of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine: Collection. Political science and ethnology (Issue 27, pp. 298—321). Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
Lykhodid, Yu. (2003). Essence of ethnoconflict and ways to overcome it. In Scientific notes of the Institute of Political and Ethnic Studies of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine: Collection. Political science and ethnology (Issue 23, pp. 324—333). Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
Serhiychuk, V.I. (2003). Tragedy of Volhyn: Causes and the course of the Polish-Ukrainian conflict during the Second World War. Kyiv: Ukr. Vyd. Spilka [in Ukrainian].
Antonyuk, Ya. (2007). Activities of the OUN Security Council in Volyn. Luts’k: Volyn book [in Ukrainian].
Kalishchuk, O. (2010—2011). The problem of the Ukrainian-Polish confrontation in the West Ukrainian lands during the Second World War in historical science: the demographic section. In Ukraine-Poland: historical heritage and public consciousness (Issue 3—4, pp. 292—306) [in Ukrainian].
Pushchuk, I. (2009). Tragedy of the Ukrainian-Polish confrontation in Volyn’ 1938—1944. Rozhyshche and Manevichsky districts. Luts’k [in Ukrainian].
Silich, L. (2005) Manevichina during the German occupation of 1941—1944 rr. In Manevichina through the ages: sciences. Essay (Pp. 42—68). Luts’k [in Ukrainian].
Silets’kyy, Yu. (2009). Ethnic heterostero-types in the traditional worldview of Ukrainians: author’s abstract. (Dis … cand. of hist. sciences). L’viv [in Ukrainian].
Nikolayets’, Yu. (2017). National minorities of Ukraine during the Second World War in the context of ethnopolitical practices of warring sides: scientific discourse. In Scientific notes to the Institute for Political and Ethnonational Studies. I.F. Kuras of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (Issue 5—6, pp. 321—368). Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
Stokolos-Voronchuk, O. (2003). Jews at the reception of Ukrainian humorous tradition: the problem of ethnopoetic sources. In STUDY METODOLOGY, 13 (Pp. 146—150). Ternopil’ [in Ukrainian].
Il’yushyn, I. (2001). Conflict between the UPA and the AK (Army of the Krai) during the Second World War against the backdrop of the Polish underground activity in Western Ukraine. Kyiv: Instytute of History of Ukraine; National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine [in Ukrainian].


Our authors
Traditional folk clothes of velikobychkovsky hutsuly of XIX — the first half of XX century
In the study based upon numerous field materials, literature sources as well as ethnographic, historio-cultural and regional museum collections has been performed complex analysis in traditional folk clothes by Hutzul population of Velyky Bychkiv village in Transcarpathian region. Detailed descriptions of femi­nine and masculine clothing complexes of the mentioned area have been presented. In characterizing of those main attention has been paid to the detail of cut in separate components of dress; cut of feminine shirt has been added as an illustration.
Read »

Daily bread baking of ukrainians in the south-western ethnographical region at the late XIX to early XXI cc.
The paper has dealt with analytic study in prescriptions, signs, customs, methods, ways of selection, procurement and some peculiarities in usage of subsidiary means — water, firewood and leaves in bread baking. The final aim of the mentioned actions had been (and still is) selection of the means and ingredients fit, by their characteristics, for the backing of bread. The paper has demonstrated dependence of bread backing subsi­diary means criteria from the folk nutritional standards and world outlook stereotypes as well as from regional social and economic, natural and geographical factors and peculiarities of material culture.
Read »

Wax candle as ukrainian Christmas and epiphany ritualistic text
For the first time in native ethnology the article has brought some results of special study in sign functionality of a wax candle under the context of Ukrainian Christmas and Epiphany ritualistic text (ritualism of Christmas Eve, New Year, Epiphany Eve and Feast of Epiphany). The study has stated extremely high semiotic position of a wax candle as projection of Sun, mediator between the spheres of sacral and prophane elements, symbolic analogue of human existence, apotropy, cultural symbol re-establishing borders of acculturated space.
Read »

On bessarabian and moldavian ukrainians in the studies of historical ethnography
The article has thrown some light upon a sum of scientific findings got during XIX to XXI cc. in historio-ethnographic studies of Bessarabia and Moldavian Ukrainians. In the pre­sent paper has been given author’s answer to the problem of lacking progress as for the numerous themes concerning Ukrainians. State and achievements of the research-works in Ukrainians’ material and spiritual culture by the scientists of Moldavia and Ukraine through the years of independence has been exposed.
Read »