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The Ethnology Notebooks. 2019, № 4 (148), 787—806

УДК 37.091.011.3:94-051

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2019.04.787

FORMATION AND CONSOLIDATION OF NATIONAL POSITION OF HRYHORII DEMIAN

SOKIL Vasyl

ORCID ID: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3164-1217

Doctor of Philology, Professor, Head of Department,

The Ethnology Institute National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

Department of Folklore,

15, Svobody ave., 79000, Lviv, Ukraine.

Contacts: е-mail: vasylsokil@gmail.com

KOVAL Halyna

ORCID ID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-2998-2357

Candidate of Philology, Senior Researcher,

The Ethnology Institute National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

Department of Folklore,

15, Svobody ave., 79000, Lviv, Ukraine.

Contacts: е-mail: galyna.kov@gmail.com

Abstract. The proposed article is about the teacher, scientist, and political figure, Hryhorii Demian. He is a patriot, who has brought up not one generation of young followers that have preserved the best memories of him. In scientific environment, he is more known as a historian, folklorist, one of the few who devoted himself to studying the subject of rebellion. The study outlines the little investigated aspects of his life and activities — childhood and youth, family, and especially pedagogical work.

The formation of the views of H. Demian began with a rather large family. He left memories of his grandfather Oleksa Symsyichyn, his cousin Hryhorii Symsyichyn, his grandfather on the maternal line Fedir Ulynets. The latter handed over to H. Demian the «Gospel» of 1643 edition, which began his library collection. Warm memories formed the basis of memorials about his mother Mariia of the Savchyn family, and his father Vasyl Demian. He also mentioned his uncles Mykhailo Savchyn, Vasyl Kurylyshyn, and his aunt Hanna. In addition, information is provided about the brothers and sisters of H. Demian — Anna, Yeva, Ivan, Mariia, Anastasiia, Olha, Volodymyr, Sofia, Orysia, Vasyl.

The whole period of H. Demian’s education in the primary school in Hrabivka, then in Tukhla, Skole, and Slavske is revealed. The educational journey that began in Hrabivka, Pshanka in Skole district is described. Slavske period was extremely active; it was there that H. Demian engaged in national-patriotic education and upbringing of students at the lessons of history and extracurricular activities, including excursions, travels to places of outstanding people, historical events, and so on. Under the direction of H. Demian, the only optional course on the history of Ukrainian art in Ukraine was introduced. The school had a historical and ethnographic society. He was dismissed from work at Slavske high school (1974) because of his national-patriotic position.

Not less active for H. Demian was the period of pedagogical work at Verenchanka secondary school in Chernivtsi district (1974—1989). In the new place, he continued the well-elaborated educational and cognitive activity. There, H. Demian created a historical and ethnographic society, under the auspices of which the trips of outstanding places were carried out.

Keywords: biography, education, teacher, historical-ethnographic society, excursion, patriotic education.

Received 28.05.2019

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