Archive

« 2019. № 4 (148)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2019, № 4 (148), 818—822

УДК 811.161.2’373.2

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2019.04.818

HRYHORII DEMIAN — COLLECTOR AND RESEARCHEROF MICROTOPONYMS

SOKIL-KLEPAR Nataliya

ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4156-5978

Candidate of Philological Sciences (PhD),

Senior Researcher

Department of specialists in folklore

Institute of Ethnography of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

Svobody Avenue 15, 79000, Lviv,Ukraine.

Contacts: e-mail: nsokil@ukr.net

Abstract. The article describes the gathering and research activity of the Western Ukrainian microtoponyms by the famous Ukrainian historian Hryhorii Demian. It is known that there are people who create science, and without them it does not function perfectly. H. Demian is a multifaceted man who contributed to establishing the rhythm of history, ethnography and folklore studies.The purpose of the work is to analyze materials of microtoponyms by Н. Demіan. The object of the research is microlocal names, which are collected by Н. Demian. The urgency of the work is to highlight H. Demian’s activities, in particular his linguistic heritage. The purpose of the article is to properly disclose the practical results of the linguistic activity of the researcher, that will enable to objectively estimate G. Demian’s contribution to the development of modern onomastics.

His activities partially cover literature and linguistics. The historian’s linguistic preferences first of all are reflected in the systematic collection of microtoponyms.

Microtoponyms are local geographic names used for nomination of spatial fragments: parts of settlements, fields, forests, hills, wells, streams, ravines, various structures, etc. Such important markers of the national scope of microtoponyms attract H. Demіаn. His records were not chaotic, not amateurish, but highly skilled. Firstly, H. Demіаn gathered all microtoponymic materials based on a questionnaire, which was created in 1962 by a well-known linguist K. Tsiluiko. By the way, this questionnaire still has not lost its relevance because it is used by modern specialists in onomastics. Secondly, H. Demian localized each object from the direct instructions of the informants themselves, recorded all lexical items with emphasis according to the dialect, which is of considerable value for dialectologists, specialists in onomastics, historians of the language.

Materials on microtoponyms, which are preserved mainly in manuscripts, were recorded by the author from the 70s of the twentieth century.The collector conducted a serious survey for the detection of microtoponyms in Skole, Drohobych, and Stryi districts of Lviv region; Bohorodchany, Rozhniativ districts of Ivano-Frankivsk region; Kamianets-Podilskyi district of Khmelnytskyi region; Sokyriany district of Chernivtsi region. However, this is not a complete list of districts which was worked out by H. Demian.

Demіan presented the scientific community with thousands of names of micro-objects requiring further correct linguistic reading, systematization, and analysis, as well as creation of a variety of onomastic lexicons, atlases, so that future generations would know the history of their region preserved in the names.

Keywords: microtoponym, collecting activity, questionnaire, onomastics.

Received 9.07.2019

REFERENCES

Tsiluiko, K.K. (1962). The program of collecting materials for the study of toponymic Ukraine. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
Demian, H. (Ed.). (1981). Boykivshchyna. Calendar and family ritual. Toponymy (Vol. 6). Department of Manuscripts of the Institute of Art Studies, Folklore Studies and Ethnology M.T. Rylsky. F. 14—5. Od. zb. 466 d. Arch 143—322 [in Ukrainian].
Demian, H. (2007). Hrabovets (Istoryko-narodoznavche doslidzhennia). Lviv [in Ukrainian].
Tsiluiko, K.K. (1951). About the work of the dialectologist on toponymics. Dialectological Bulletin (Issue III, pp. 69—81). Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
Chuchka, P.P. (2005). Surnames of Transcarpathian Ukrainians. Historical-etymological dictionary. Lviv [in Ukrainian].
Dictionary of the Ukrainian language. (1980). (Vol. XI). Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
Sokil, V. (Ed.). (2016). Volosianka in folklore and dialect. Lviv [in Ukrainian].
Triiniak, I.I. (2005). Dictionary of Ukrainian names. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
Onyshkevych, M.Y. (1984). Dictionary of Boiko dialects (Part 1). Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
Matiiv, M.D. (2013). Dictionary of dialects of the central Boykivshchyna. Kyiv; Simferopol [in Ukrainian].

Read»

Our authors
Traditional folk clothes of velikobychkovsky hutsuly of XIX — the first half of XX century
In the study based upon numerous field materials, literature sources as well as ethnographic, historio-cultural and regional museum collections has been performed complex analysis in traditional folk clothes by Hutzul population of Velyky Bychkiv village in Transcarpathian region. Detailed descriptions of femi­nine and masculine clothing complexes of the mentioned area have been presented. In characterizing of those main attention has been paid to the detail of cut in separate components of dress; cut of feminine shirt has been added as an illustration.
Read »

Maternity ritualism by volhynians in publications of the second half XIX to the early XXI cc.
In the article have been considered some basic landmarks for fixing and publication of ethnographic materials on the maternity rites of Volhynia with analytical study in ritual elements, their kinds and territories of origin. The article has also raised a problem of gaps in studies of maternity rites of Ukrainian historio-ethnographic Volhynia.
Read »

On bessarabian and moldavian ukrainians in the studies of historical ethnography
The article has thrown some light upon a sum of scientific findings got during XIX to XXI cc. in historio-ethnographic studies of Bessarabia and Moldavian Ukrainians. In the pre­sent paper has been given author’s answer to the problem of lacking progress as for the numerous themes concerning Ukrainians. State and achievements of the research-works in Ukrainians’ material and spiritual culture by the scientists of Moldavia and Ukraine through the years of independence has been exposed.
Read »

Wax candle as ukrainian Christmas and epiphany ritualistic text
For the first time in native ethnology the article has brought some results of special study in sign functionality of a wax candle under the context of Ukrainian Christmas and Epiphany ritualistic text (ritualism of Christmas Eve, New Year, Epiphany Eve and Feast of Epiphany). The study has stated extremely high semiotic position of a wax candle as projection of Sun, mediator between the spheres of sacral and prophane elements, symbolic analogue of human existence, apotropy, cultural symbol re-establishing borders of acculturated space.
Read »