« 2019. № 4 (148)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2019, № 4 (148), 842—849

УДК 398.7(476)

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2019.04.842



ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5632-7844

Candidate of Philology, Associate Professor of literary studies

Doctoral student of the Department of culture of Slavic peoples and folklore of the State scientific institution «Center for research of Belarusian culture,

language and literature of NAS of Belarus»

Contacts: е-mail: mazurynang@tut.by

Abstract. The article investigates the system of variation factors in relation to the works of song folklore. The author analyzes the variation, which is a characteristic feature of almost all phenomena associated with language and human creativity. In the sphere of song folklore, verbal and musical languages are combined, which simultaneously change in the current socio-cultural conditions. In some Sciences like linguistics, ethnomusicology, Ethnology – a number of factors are identified that belong to each of these disciplines. The purpose of the article is to identify factors of variation of folk songs by using the method of system analysis in the framework of folkloristic research. Conclusions are made on the material of East Slavic, mainly Belarusian song folklore.

The article is a historical and theoretical study that considers the variation both in a specific folkloristic and in a broad context. This approach to variation is relevant to the point of view that it opens up new opportunities for researchers to understand the laws of the organic relationship between the arts of speech and music, inextricably combined in folk songs. The study of variation from the standpoint of the synthesis of arts has allowed a deeper understanding of the nature of this phenomenon and to identify the system of variation factors with special universal significance.

Keywords: variation, song folklore, factor, verbal language, musical language, tradition, changes.

Received 9.07.2019


Lozkа, А., & Маzurynа, N. (2015). Belarusian folklore: calendar and calendar-ritual poetry. Minsk: BDPU [in Belarusian].
THE RITUAL YEAR 11.(2018). Traditions and Transformation. The Yearbook of the SIEF (Sociйtй Internationale d’Ethnologie et de Folklore) Working Group on the Ritual Year. Kazan; Moscow: Vol. 8.
Starichenok, V. (2008). Large linguistic dictionary. Rostov-n/D: Feniks [in Russian].
Gorbachevich, К. (1989). Norms of modern Russian literary language (3th ed.). Мoskva: Prosveshchenie [in Russian].
Studies in Sociolinguistics by William Labov. (2001). Beijing: Beijing Language and Culture University Press.
Vishnjakova, N. (1995). Creative psychopedagogics: Psychology of creative learning. Minsk: NIORB «Poli Big» [in Russian].
Tavlaj, G. (2018). Criteria of mastery of Belarusian song ritual tradition bearers. Traditional folklore of the peoples of Russia and CIS countries (Abstracts of the International Congress). Sankt-Peterburg [in Russian].
Samoilava, Е. (2018). «Spivayu taky iak dusha moya spivae»: Folk musician in the context of modern culture. Traditional folklore of the peoples of Russia and CIS countries (Abstracts of the International Congress). Sankt-Peterburg [in Russian].
Аtroshchanka, J. (2011). Gender folklore: the state and problems of modern research. Hive and bees. Vectors of modern folklore school of BSU (pp. 197-202). Міnsk: Рrava і ekanomіka [in Belarusian].
Malcev, S. (1991). On the psychology of musical improvisation. Мoskva: Мuzyka [in Russian].


Our authors
Maternity ritualism by volhynians in publications of the second half XIX to the early XXI cc.
In the article have been considered some basic landmarks for fixing and publication of ethnographic materials on the maternity rites of Volhynia with analytical study in ritual elements, their kinds and territories of origin. The article has also raised a problem of gaps in studies of maternity rites of Ukrainian historio-ethnographic Volhynia.
Read »

On field exploration of russian and belarusian ethnologists and etnolinguists in Ukrainian Polisia 1945—1980s
In the study based on a wide range of literary materials have been comprehensively characterised field research in Polisia of Ukraine, performed by Russian and Belarusian ethnologists during 1945—1980s as well as Moscow ethnolinguists and other researchers from ethnologic centres of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus in the course of realization of Ethnolinguistic Atlas of Polisia program. Particular attention has been paid to geography, methods, themes and research results of scientific projects.
Read »

Wax candle as ukrainian Christmas and epiphany ritualistic text
For the first time in native ethnology the article has brought some results of special study in sign functionality of a wax candle under the context of Ukrainian Christmas and Epiphany ritualistic text (ritualism of Christmas Eve, New Year, Epiphany Eve and Feast of Epiphany). The study has stated extremely high semiotic position of a wax candle as projection of Sun, mediator between the spheres of sacral and prophane elements, symbolic analogue of human existence, apotropy, cultural symbol re-establishing borders of acculturated space.
Read »

Boikos’ pandemonium: categories of evil deceased
In the article have been presented some research-work on peculiarities of Boikos’ traditional demonological notions as for so-called evil deceased; on the basis of field records and ethnological literary sources quite a number of scum categories have been defined as well as essential habits, modes of behavior and functions of these personages of people’s demonology.
Read »