« 2019. № 5 (149)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2019, № 5 (149), 1233—1238

UDK 811.161.2’373.2





Ph.D., Associate Professor

of the Department of Ukrainian Language,

Lviv Ivan Franko National University

1, Universytetska Str., 79001, Lviv, Ukraine


Abstract. Introduction: Microtoponyms are formed in accordance with the linguistic laws. These are recognized, extracted from the surrounding reality and nominated fragments of the environment. Geographical areas undergo verbalization only when they are of interest for a person, and this, in its turn, is the impetus for creating any name — be it an appellative name or propriative one. The scholars of onomastics mainly focused their attention on the nomination principles of settlements and persons. So far Ukrainian science lacks a separate profound study on the analysis of the grounds for microtoponyms creation. This is what makes this research topical. The main scientific method in the article is descriptive. Results: The elements that acquire importance in the environment nomination process are the following: a subject (the one who names the locus) and an object (geographical realia), someone who nominates and something that is nominated. The third important component is actually the means and methods of nomination (verbal form). Verbal expression of microtoponyms is subject to the peculiarities of creating this type of proper names. Microtoponyms are the units of secondary nomination, therefore, they frequently enter the onymic system as semantic derivatives (from appellative or from onymic ones: Verkh, Dvir; Romanykha, Kindrat). The important representants of local geographical microobjects are morphological method (Valylove, Volosianskyi), morphological and syntactic method (Hlubokyi, Dovhe), lexical and syntactic method (Zagora, Pidlis) as well as descriptive constructions (In Roveni; Velyke Pole, Na Poliani v Richtsi). Conclusion: Taking into account the aforementioned, one can conclude that microtoponymic nomination is closely related to two important factors: 1) landscape peculiarities of the area; 2) human factor. Nomination factors of geographical micro objects have both their specific features and similarities with other types of proper names.

Keywords: nomination, grounds, microtoponym, nomination method, derivative.

Received 3.10.2019


Buchko, D.H., & Tkachova N.V. (2012). Dictionary of Ukrainian Onomastic Terminology. Kharkiv: Ranok-NT [in Ukrainian].
Selivanova, O.O. (2008). Modern linguistics: directions and problems. Poltava: Dovkillia-K [in Ukrainian].
Karpenko, O.Yu. (2006). Problems of cognitive onomastics. Odesa: Astroprynt [in Ukrainian].
Skliarenko, O., & Skliarenko, O. (2012). Typological onomastics: in 5 volumes (Vol. 1). Odesa: Astroprynt [in Ukrainian].
Molchanova, O.T. (1998). The role of ethnopsychology in the selection of onomasiological signs of motivation in the process of naming objects of habitat. Studia z filologii Polskiej і Sіowianskiej (Pp. 226—230) [in Russian].
Dictionary of the Ukrainian language: in 11 vol. (Vol. 3, p. 300). (1972). Kyiv: Naukova dumka [in Ukrainian].
Luchyk, V. (2011). On the peculiarities of the nomination in the place name of Ukraine. Visnyk Prykarpatskoho natsionalnoho universytetu. Filolohiia (Issue ХХІХ—ХХХІ, pp. 21—24) [in Ukrainian].
Buchko, D.H. (2009). Basic principles and methods of nomination of settlements in Halych land (according to the register of settlements since 1670). Ukrainska mova, 4, 41—51 [in Ukrainian].

читати публікацію»

Our authors
Wax candle as ukrainian Christmas and epiphany ritualistic text
For the first time in native ethnology the article has brought some results of special study in sign functionality of a wax candle under the context of Ukrainian Christmas and Epiphany ritualistic text (ritualism of Christmas Eve, New Year, Epiphany Eve and Feast of Epiphany). The study has stated extremely high semiotic position of a wax candle as projection of Sun, mediator between the spheres of sacral and prophane elements, symbolic analogue of human existence, apotropy, cultural symbol re-establishing borders of acculturated space.
Read »

Maternity ritualism by volhynians in publications of the second half XIX to the early XXI cc.
In the article have been considered some basic landmarks for fixing and publication of ethnographic materials on the maternity rites of Volhynia with analytical study in ritual elements, their kinds and territories of origin. The article has also raised a problem of gaps in studies of maternity rites of Ukrainian historio-ethnographic Volhynia.
Read »

Daily bread baking of ukrainians in the south-western ethnographical region at the late XIX to early XXI cc.
The paper has dealt with analytic study in prescriptions, signs, customs, methods, ways of selection, procurement and some peculiarities in usage of subsidiary means — water, firewood and leaves in bread baking. The final aim of the mentioned actions had been (and still is) selection of the means and ingredients fit, by their characteristics, for the backing of bread. The paper has demonstrated dependence of bread backing subsi­diary means criteria from the folk nutritional standards and world outlook stereotypes as well as from regional social and economic, natural and geographical factors and peculiarities of material culture.
Read »

Traditional folk clothes of velikobychkovsky hutsuly of XIX — the first half of XX century
In the study based upon numerous field materials, literature sources as well as ethnographic, historio-cultural and regional museum collections has been performed complex analysis in traditional folk clothes by Hutzul population of Velyky Bychkiv village in Transcarpathian region. Detailed descriptions of femi­nine and masculine clothing complexes of the mentioned area have been presented. In characterizing of those main attention has been paid to the detail of cut in separate components of dress; cut of feminine shirt has been added as an illustration.
Read »