« 2019. № 5 (149)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2019, № 5 (149), 1305—1330

UDK 398.332(477.51)

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2019.05.1305



ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7780-5876

Candidate of Philology, Docent

The Ivan Franko National University of Lviv,

Department of Ethnology,

1, Universytets’ka str., L’viv, 79000, Ukraine

e-mail: halay_czuk@ukr.net


ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5924-8930

Deputy Director of Research,

Museum of Folk Architecture and Rural Life in Lviv

named after Klymentii Sheptytskyi,

1, Chernecha Hora str., L’viv, 79014, Ukraine

e-mail: SerhiyTsypyshev@gmail.com

 Abstract. The publication studies traditional calendar customs and rituals of the Ripky district of Chernihiv region on the basis of modern field ethnographic materials. The register of the folk calendar of Polissian inhabitants of the Ripky district was concluded. Special signs of everyday life and outlook of some holidays have been found out. Emphasized on the manistic, agrarian, cattle, demonological and others motives of various customs and rituals.

The winter period in the Ripky district is rather poor in this context, compared to other Polissia districts. However, there are basic concepts characteristic for Polissian tradition. In the villages of the district cooked kutia, invited the Frost and the souls of the dead to the Dinner and so on.

Among the spring holidays, the custom “Kolodka”, custom dedicated to Pure Thursday “Hovinnia dizhi”, the Yuri’s custom-ritual complex, and others, call attention. Some aspects of Easter rituals, in particular actions with remains of the Easter meal, are well represented. At the same time, the brightest memories of the respondents are the memories of Didy and Radunytsia celebrations: in a slightly modified form, it still remains.

In the summer time, there are some points of interest in connection to Trinity Week for the researcher. In particular, though in a reduced form, information about the ritual of “Provody rusalky” is stored in the Ripky district. Instead, the celebration of Ivan Kupailo and the harvest rituals are very simplified and schematic.

Like everywhere in the Ukrainian folk calendar, autumn is not very expressive in the Ripky district. However, it is worth noting the local tradition of Mykhailove Chudo guy’s roistering and the folk tales accompany this day.

Keywords: Eastern Polissia, Ripky district, spiritual culture, calendar customs and rituals.

Received 9.10.2019


Tolstaja, S.M. (2005). Polissian folk calendar. Moscow: Indrik. (Traditional spiritual culture of the Slavs. Modern research) [in Russian].
Archive DNCZKSTK. F. Ripky–2017. Op. save V. Halaichuk [in Ukrainian].
Archive DNCZKSTK. F. Ripky–2017. Op. save S. Tsypyshev [in Ukrainian].


Our authors
Traditional folk clothes of velikobychkovsky hutsuly of XIX — the first half of XX century
In the study based upon numerous field materials, literature sources as well as ethnographic, historio-cultural and regional museum collections has been performed complex analysis in traditional folk clothes by Hutzul population of Velyky Bychkiv village in Transcarpathian region. Detailed descriptions of femi­nine and masculine clothing complexes of the mentioned area have been presented. In characterizing of those main attention has been paid to the detail of cut in separate components of dress; cut of feminine shirt has been added as an illustration.
Read »

Wax candle as ukrainian Christmas and epiphany ritualistic text
For the first time in native ethnology the article has brought some results of special study in sign functionality of a wax candle under the context of Ukrainian Christmas and Epiphany ritualistic text (ritualism of Christmas Eve, New Year, Epiphany Eve and Feast of Epiphany). The study has stated extremely high semiotic position of a wax candle as projection of Sun, mediator between the spheres of sacral and prophane elements, symbolic analogue of human existence, apotropy, cultural symbol re-establishing borders of acculturated space.
Read »

Daily bread baking of ukrainians in the south-western ethnographical region at the late XIX to early XXI cc.
The paper has dealt with analytic study in prescriptions, signs, customs, methods, ways of selection, procurement and some peculiarities in usage of subsidiary means — water, firewood and leaves in bread baking. The final aim of the mentioned actions had been (and still is) selection of the means and ingredients fit, by their characteristics, for the backing of bread. The paper has demonstrated dependence of bread backing subsi­diary means criteria from the folk nutritional standards and world outlook stereotypes as well as from regional social and economic, natural and geographical factors and peculiarities of material culture.
Read »

On bessarabian and moldavian ukrainians in the studies of historical ethnography
The article has thrown some light upon a sum of scientific findings got during XIX to XXI cc. in historio-ethnographic studies of Bessarabia and Moldavian Ukrainians. In the pre­sent paper has been given author’s answer to the problem of lacking progress as for the numerous themes concerning Ukrainians. State and achievements of the research-works in Ukrainians’ material and spiritual culture by the scientists of Moldavia and Ukraine through the years of independence has been exposed.
Read »