« 2019. № 5 (149)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2019, № 5 (149), 1056—1067

UDK 37.091.011.3:94-051

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2019.05.1056

DIFFICULT FATES OF MY FAMILY IN THE 20TH CENTURY: HISTORICAL AND FOLK DOCUMENTATION

SOKIL Vasyl

ORCID ID: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3164-1217

Doctor of Philology, Professor, Head of Department

The Ethnology Institute National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

Department of Folklore,

15 Svobody ave., 79000, Lviv, Ukraine

e-mail: vasylsokil@gmail.com

Abstract. The paper describes the author’s family that in 1940—50s suffered a lot of abuses, murders because its national position in the political and everyday life, in armed struggle against the occupants who seized the territory of Ukraine and desecrated its faith, rituals and traditions.

The author reports the aspects of life of almost every family in the Western Ukraine in that difficult historical period which have been unknown to the academic community.

The subject of the research is the biography (in the broad sense of this word) of one large family in the specified period of time. This implies the purpose of the proposed historical and folkloric research — to describe circumstances in which the Ukrainians were forced to live, work and struggle for the national identity, to show the forms of opposition against occupants and the most important — to retain hope for the future despite of all difficulties or losses (material, human, etc). Therefore, the chosen topic remains very relevant.

The paper was written on the basis of the register of births, marriages, and deaths of the village of Volosianka at the beginning of the 19th — in first half of the 20th century, as well as the documents on the awareness campaign in this settlement in 1930s. Important sources were represented by the records of folk prose from various respondens — direct witnesses or listeners (non-witnesses) of the events.

The paper provides insight into the awareness movement in the village until 1939 and its decay after the advent of the Soviet occupants, describes mass persecutions of people, arrests, etc. Especially cynical were forced deportations of whole families, even whole villages, to Siberia where they endured extreme sufferings: they were freezing on cold, lived in barracks, starved. However, people still had a tiny hope to survive in these difficult circumstances and to return home. But for many of them this road was closed. Participants or sympathizers of the national liberation movement were cruelly punished or murdered. Women, together with their husbands, struggled against the apparatus of the Ministry for State Security (MGB), consciously risking their lives and even the lives of their small children. All of them believed in the idea of the independent Ukraine, struggled for it and were even ready to sacrifice their lives for the sake of freedom.

Folklore records are authentic and preserve all nuances of the Boykos dialect — phonetic, morphological and syntactic ones. A differential peculiarity of the local vernacular is preservation of the guttural sound «ы».

Keywords: awareness campaign, Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA), struggle, Syberia, death, return home.

Received 28.10.2019

REFERENCES

Metric book from the village Volosyanka (beginning of XIX – mid XX century). Parohialnyy archive in Volosyanka village. 330 pages.[in Ukrainian].
Requests of the inhabitants of the village Volosyanka for permission to establish reading rooms and reports on its activities. In Tsentral’nyy derzhavnyy istorychnyy arkhiv u L’vovi. F. 348. Op. 1. Od. zb. 1645. Ark. 14—18 [in Ukrainian].

Read»

Our authors
Traditional folk clothes of velikobychkovsky hutsuly of XIX — the first half of XX century
In the study based upon numerous field materials, literature sources as well as ethnographic, historio-cultural and regional museum collections has been performed complex analysis in traditional folk clothes by Hutzul population of Velyky Bychkiv village in Transcarpathian region. Detailed descriptions of femi­nine and masculine clothing complexes of the mentioned area have been presented. In characterizing of those main attention has been paid to the detail of cut in separate components of dress; cut of feminine shirt has been added as an illustration.
Read »

Wax candle as ukrainian Christmas and epiphany ritualistic text
For the first time in native ethnology the article has brought some results of special study in sign functionality of a wax candle under the context of Ukrainian Christmas and Epiphany ritualistic text (ritualism of Christmas Eve, New Year, Epiphany Eve and Feast of Epiphany). The study has stated extremely high semiotic position of a wax candle as projection of Sun, mediator between the spheres of sacral and prophane elements, symbolic analogue of human existence, apotropy, cultural symbol re-establishing borders of acculturated space.
Read »

On field exploration of russian and belarusian ethnologists and etnolinguists in Ukrainian Polisia 1945—1980s
In the study based on a wide range of literary materials have been comprehensively characterised field research in Polisia of Ukraine, performed by Russian and Belarusian ethnologists during 1945—1980s as well as Moscow ethnolinguists and other researchers from ethnologic centres of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus in the course of realization of Ethnolinguistic Atlas of Polisia program. Particular attention has been paid to geography, methods, themes and research results of scientific projects.
Read »

On bessarabian and moldavian ukrainians in the studies of historical ethnography
The article has thrown some light upon a sum of scientific findings got during XIX to XXI cc. in historio-ethnographic studies of Bessarabia and Moldavian Ukrainians. In the pre­sent paper has been given author’s answer to the problem of lacking progress as for the numerous themes concerning Ukrainians. State and achievements of the research-works in Ukrainians’ material and spiritual culture by the scientists of Moldavia and Ukraine through the years of independence has been exposed.
Read »