« 2019. № 6 (150)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2019, № 6 (150), 1667—1673


DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2019.06.1667



ORCID ID : https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3311-9350

graduate student of Lviv National

Academy of Arts (LNАA)

street of Kubiyovych, 38, 79011, Lviv, Ukraine

Abstract. This article analyzes the experience of individual illustrators, who are the alumni of LNAM of the XXІ century. Some similarities between the artists have been traced: high professional artistic level of depicted scenes, original and unique style and the manner of drawings execution — where there is fantastic, great fabulousness. Also some other moments are observed: equipment — manual or technical, — practically it does not effect the overall perception, level or manner, the style of illustrations execution. But still the artistic level and the experience of an artist play a crucial aspect in the approach of graphic book ornaments for children.

The research method is empirical, observation and description, theoretical, which involves analysis, abstraction, synthesis and generalization. Review of books and definition of graphic solution, description of structural and compositional elements. Analyzing excellent graphics performance and generalized conclusions.

It analyzes computer graphics used by artists to illustrate, design children’s publications, which involves the use of specially designed vector graphics programs Corel Draw, Adobe Illustrator and bitmap Adobe Photoshop and similar programs and modifications.

The artistic level and experience of the artist himself remains an important aspect in the graphic design approach for children’s books. The creative activity of artists Mariana Kachmar (Flak), Christina Reinarovich, Anastasia Stefurak, Andriy Lesiv and Romana Romanishin (Creative tandem «Agrafka») is considered. The cooperation of the artists is connected with the publishing houses «Svit», «Kamenyar», «The Old Lion Publishing House». Publishers are excellent for their publishing and printing policies for children’s books. Many books have been published for children. Publishers are focusing their attention on quality printing products.

The artists’ appeal to collage techniques and the combination of copyrighted graphics with computer graphics are analyzed. There is a change in the development of the action characters. Heroes of poems, stories and fairy tales. Particularly illustrative material in contemporary book publishing for preschool and primary school children. The artist is the director of his technical and stylistic performance of drawings. Technique is great for similar applications in a children’s book, when using classical techniques and ways of creating illustrations, decoration. The manner of execution of drawings and design. The artist expresses an individual decision that comes from the technical and programmatic rigging. Artists and publishers work on a children’s book — the result of their collaboration. The results of the research can be used for educational, cognitive purposes for a wide audience and serve as a basis for further thorough research.

Keywords: illustration, children’s book, graphic artists the graduates of the LNAM, publishers, artistic manner, style, mediums.

Received 25.09.2019


Lviv National Academy of Arts of LNAM. Retrieved from: http://www.lnam.edu.ua/ (06-04-18) [in Ukrainian].
Letters. Culture. Retrieved from: http://bukvoid.com.ua / events / culture / 2014/05/16 / 073736.html (10-05-19) [in Ukrainian].
Zografos. Illustration. Retrieved from: http: zografos.org.ua / illustrations.html (20-05-19) [in Ukrainian].
The Old Lion Publishing House. Retrieved from: http://starylev.com.ua /index.php? route = site / authors / view & author_id = 155 (02-04-17) [in Ukrainian].
The artist as a co-author. Lithocentre. Retrieved from: http://litakcent.com/2011/09/13/hudozhnyk-jak-spivavtor/ (03-02-19) [in Ukrainian].
Balutska Lesya: Ukrainian Children’s Book: Problems of Quantity and Quality. The future is being created as a child. POSTUP. Retrieved from: http://postup.brama.com/usual.php?what = 64152 [in Ukrainian].
Hagar Emilia (2002). Culture of a modern children’s book. Publishing Industry and Personnel: Achievements, Challenges, Prospects: Scientific Practice. Sat (P. 138—147). Lviv: Az-Art [in Ukrainian].
Teslenko Inna. Children’s Book: Will Ukraine Break Up? IA ZIK. Retrieved from: http://zik.ua/en/news/2013/05/ 11/406820 [in Ukrainian].


Our authors
On bessarabian and moldavian ukrainians in the studies of historical ethnography
The article has thrown some light upon a sum of scientific findings got during XIX to XXI cc. in historio-ethnographic studies of Bessarabia and Moldavian Ukrainians. In the pre­sent paper has been given author’s answer to the problem of lacking progress as for the numerous themes concerning Ukrainians. State and achievements of the research-works in Ukrainians’ material and spiritual culture by the scientists of Moldavia and Ukraine through the years of independence has been exposed.
Read »

Boikos’ pandemonium: categories of evil deceased
In the article have been presented some research-work on peculiarities of Boikos’ traditional demonological notions as for so-called evil deceased; on the basis of field records and ethnological literary sources quite a number of scum categories have been defined as well as essential habits, modes of behavior and functions of these personages of people’s demonology.
Read »

Wax candle as ukrainian Christmas and epiphany ritualistic text
For the first time in native ethnology the article has brought some results of special study in sign functionality of a wax candle under the context of Ukrainian Christmas and Epiphany ritualistic text (ritualism of Christmas Eve, New Year, Epiphany Eve and Feast of Epiphany). The study has stated extremely high semiotic position of a wax candle as projection of Sun, mediator between the spheres of sacral and prophane elements, symbolic analogue of human existence, apotropy, cultural symbol re-establishing borders of acculturated space.
Read »

Maternity ritualism by volhynians in publications of the second half XIX to the early XXI cc.
In the article have been considered some basic landmarks for fixing and publication of ethnographic materials on the maternity rites of Volhynia with analytical study in ritual elements, their kinds and territories of origin. The article has also raised a problem of gaps in studies of maternity rites of Ukrainian historio-ethnographic Volhynia.
Read »