« 2019. № 6 (150)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2019, № 6 (150), 1658—1666

UDK75.047:7.071.1 (477.86)”19/20″

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2019.06.1658



ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9925-0231

PhD in Art Study,

Associate Professor of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University

57, Shevchenko str., 76018, Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine

Leading Researcher of Precarpathian Art Museum

49, Novgorodska str., 76018, Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine

е-mail: martaosadtsa@gmail.com

Abstract. Introduction. The article deals with the classification of urban landscapes in the works of the artists of Ivano-Frankivsk region of the 20th — beginning of the 21st century on the thematic, stylistic and compositional features, and further systematization of their typical characteristics according to the historical and artistic stages.

Purpose. The objective of the article is to classify urban motifs in the works of artists of Ivano-Frankivsk region of the 20th — beginning of the 21st century in the context of its regional specificity, as well as subject-thematic, stylistic and compositional features, traditional elements and innovative changes. The object of the study is the paintings of artists of Ivano-Frankivsk region of the 20th — beginning of the 21st century, the subject of the study is to define figurative-content, thematic and stylistic features of the urban landscapes.

Methods. The definition of thematic-narrative, stylistic and compositional features of the interpretation of the city theme in the works of easel painting of Ivano-Frankivsk region of the 20th — early 21st century is provided using iconographic analysis, stylistic and comparative-typological methods of art criticism analysis.

Results. City themes in artistic reflections of Pre-Carpathian artists of the study period in aspects of figurative and narrative features received an interpretation as the historical and architectural appearance of the city or a separate monument of architecture represented by the dominant of religious buildings, architectural ensembles among other components of the urban space; chamber landscape with fragments of historical building and architectural decoration; urban environment with motives of intensive city-planning processes; space of everyday presence of a human being.

Conclusion. In the art of Ivano-Frankivsk region, such plot solutions of the urban landscape are distinguished, depending on the nature of the image, as historical ruins; city ensembles; architectural monuments as content and compositional dominants (prominent historical buildings, objects of religious and defensive architecture as components of the historical environment); ruins as a result of military injuries; city dwellings as chamber fragments of space; yards and suburbs; industrial motives with elements of engineering and new buildings as objects of intensive urban processes; elements of architectural decor (stucco, sculptural decor, etc.).

Keywords: city landscape, painting, stylistics, composition, Ivano-Frankivsk region.

Received 7.11.2019


Van den Berg, D. Spectators in Jerusalem: Urban Narrative in the Scenic Tradition. Retrieved from: http://www.imageandnarrative.be/inarchive/illustrations/ dirkvandenberg.htm (Last accessed: 29.10.2019).
Goranskaya, T. (2015). The Image of the Сity in the Fine Art of Belarus of the 20th and beginning of the 21st century. (Extended abstract of PhD dissertation). Minsk [in Russian].
Osadtsa, M. (2019). The Urban Landscape in the Creative Work of Artists of the Ivano-Frankivsk Region of the 20th — early 21st century. (Doctoral dissertation). Lviv: National Academy of Arts [in Ukrainian].
Nikulina, O. (1982). Nature through the Eyes of an Artist. Problems of Modern Landscape Painting Development. Moscow: Soviet artist [in Russian].
Mysyuga, B. (2006). Ideological Content and Formal Features of the Landscape in the Painting of Galicia in the first third of the 20th century. The Ethnology Notebooks, 5—6, 697—709 [in Ukrainian].
Zapasko, Ya., Ovsiychuk, V., & Chernovsky, O. (1979). The Art of the Renewed Land. Kyiv: Art [in Ukrainian].


Our authors
Traditional folk clothes of velikobychkovsky hutsuly of XIX — the first half of XX century
In the study based upon numerous field materials, literature sources as well as ethnographic, historio-cultural and regional museum collections has been performed complex analysis in traditional folk clothes by Hutzul population of Velyky Bychkiv village in Transcarpathian region. Detailed descriptions of femi­nine and masculine clothing complexes of the mentioned area have been presented. In characterizing of those main attention has been paid to the detail of cut in separate components of dress; cut of feminine shirt has been added as an illustration.
Read »

On field exploration of russian and belarusian ethnologists and etnolinguists in Ukrainian Polisia 1945—1980s
In the study based on a wide range of literary materials have been comprehensively characterised field research in Polisia of Ukraine, performed by Russian and Belarusian ethnologists during 1945—1980s as well as Moscow ethnolinguists and other researchers from ethnologic centres of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus in the course of realization of Ethnolinguistic Atlas of Polisia program. Particular attention has been paid to geography, methods, themes and research results of scientific projects.
Read »

Boikos’ pandemonium: categories of evil deceased
In the article have been presented some research-work on peculiarities of Boikos’ traditional demonological notions as for so-called evil deceased; on the basis of field records and ethnological literary sources quite a number of scum categories have been defined as well as essential habits, modes of behavior and functions of these personages of people’s demonology.
Read »

Wax candle as ukrainian Christmas and epiphany ritualistic text
For the first time in native ethnology the article has brought some results of special study in sign functionality of a wax candle under the context of Ukrainian Christmas and Epiphany ritualistic text (ritualism of Christmas Eve, New Year, Epiphany Eve and Feast of Epiphany). The study has stated extremely high semiotic position of a wax candle as projection of Sun, mediator between the spheres of sacral and prophane elements, symbolic analogue of human existence, apotropy, cultural symbol re-establishing borders of acculturated space.
Read »