« 2020. № 2 (152)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2020. № 2 (152), 474—481


DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2020.02.474



ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0471-2115

Ph.D. of Sciences in History, Senior Researcher

Of the Municipal Institution «Transcarpathian museum

of folk architecture and life»

of the Transcarpathian Regional Administration,

Kapitulna 33a, 88000, Uzhgorod, Ukraine

Contacts: e-mail: anshamash@gmail.com

Abstract. The article is based on the field ethnographical materials collected by author which are considered image of sibyl-healer Anci Zarichanskoyi (Poidyn Anny) in the traditional belief of Ukrainians in Vynogradivskiy and Irshavskiy districts. Contemporary state of living in the folk faith of people gifted with esoterical features have been noticed.

The object of exploration is traditional beliefs, rituals, magic actions related with people endowed with esoterical abilities. The subject is the person with esoterical abilities in the system of demonological beliefs, its main features, functions, «relationship» with human, the impact on daily life, the ritual sphere. The demonic conceptions are characterized as important part of the folk outlook.

For creation of the sources base field expeditions were conducted. Recording of materials were performed using the oral interview of respondents for pre-prepared questionnaires.

The basis of this work is ethnographical field materials collected by author and students of historical and international relations on the faculty of DVNZ UzhNU.

In the traditional world-viewed imaginations demonical features are endowed the separate group of people which own a certain secret knowledge but they do not belong to the classical representatives of folk demonology. There are named as the people «who know», «esoterics» which differ from others by their lifestyle and social status.

The belief for what kind of people attributed certain esoteric abilities are predetermined by symbolic intersection. It can be interpreted like ritual death and new birth. On the other hand  — unusual, incomprehensible to the general public and even some extent the deviant behavior provided aureole of mystery, special knowledge, esoteric and skills endowed.

The main functions are outlined possession which endowed Ancya Zarichanska. The interviewed respondent highlighted clairvoyance, healing possibility and advices for those in predicament who allowed some extent to regulate the relationships with a person on the one hand and otherworldly.

The folk belief and ceremonial actions which reveal the well-established world-view of Transcarpathian dolynians about people who provided esoteric abilities. Evidently that researched beliefs are leavings of archaic world-view with a set of different in value and origin the phenomena of ancient and modern tradition and the significant influence of church canons.

Keywords: Transcarpathia, demonology, dolyniany, belief, outlook, holiness, seer.

Received 11.02.2020


Book of registration acts of birth certificates of death village Zarichchia in a 1882—1926 year. In State archive Transcarpathian region. F. 1606. Op. 5. Od. save 46 [in Ukrainian].
Varkhol, N. (2011). Mykhailo Siryi — the last «prophet of the Psalter» in the Priashivshchyna. Folk art and ethnology, 6, 42—44. Kiev [in Ukrainian].
Zan, M. (1998). About Antsiu — a healer from Zarichchia. Nash ridnyi krai, 4, 28 [in Ukrainian].
Kobal, A.I., & Fehyr, V.V. (2004). Zarichchia: Historical essay. Uzhhorod: Publishing «Zakarpattia» [in Ukrainian].
Pankevych, I. (1938). Ukrainian speeches Pidkarpatskoi Rusi and related areas (Part 1). Sound and morphology. Praha [in Ukrainian].
Todorova-Pirgova, I. (1999). Ideas about «otherwordly» in biographical narratives. Zhivaya Starina, 2, 25—27. Moscow [in Russian].
Tolstaya, S.M. (2012). Death. Slavic antiquities: ethnological dictionary (Vol. 5, pp. 58—71). Moscow: International relationships [in Russian].


Our authors
Daily bread baking of ukrainians in the south-western ethnographical region at the late XIX to early XXI cc.
The paper has dealt with analytic study in prescriptions, signs, customs, methods, ways of selection, procurement and some peculiarities in usage of subsidiary means — water, firewood and leaves in bread baking. The final aim of the mentioned actions had been (and still is) selection of the means and ingredients fit, by their characteristics, for the backing of bread. The paper has demonstrated dependence of bread backing subsi­diary means criteria from the folk nutritional standards and world outlook stereotypes as well as from regional social and economic, natural and geographical factors and peculiarities of material culture.
Read »

Boikos’ pandemonium: categories of evil deceased
In the article have been presented some research-work on peculiarities of Boikos’ traditional demonological notions as for so-called evil deceased; on the basis of field records and ethnological literary sources quite a number of scum categories have been defined as well as essential habits, modes of behavior and functions of these personages of people’s demonology.
Read »

On bessarabian and moldavian ukrainians in the studies of historical ethnography
The article has thrown some light upon a sum of scientific findings got during XIX to XXI cc. in historio-ethnographic studies of Bessarabia and Moldavian Ukrainians. In the pre­sent paper has been given author’s answer to the problem of lacking progress as for the numerous themes concerning Ukrainians. State and achievements of the research-works in Ukrainians’ material and spiritual culture by the scientists of Moldavia and Ukraine through the years of independence has been exposed.
Read »

On field exploration of russian and belarusian ethnologists and etnolinguists in Ukrainian Polisia 1945—1980s
In the study based on a wide range of literary materials have been comprehensively characterised field research in Polisia of Ukraine, performed by Russian and Belarusian ethnologists during 1945—1980s as well as Moscow ethnolinguists and other researchers from ethnologic centres of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus in the course of realization of Ethnolinguistic Atlas of Polisia program. Particular attention has been paid to geography, methods, themes and research results of scientific projects.
Read »