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« 2020. № 3 (153)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2020. № 3 (153), 685—694

UDK [7:338.45]:[904:339.5](5:477)”11/13″

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2020.03.685

CULTURAL INFLUENCE OF THE EAST IN INTERNATIONAL RELLATIONS SYSTEM OF GALICIA-VOLHYNIA STATE

CHUYKO Oleh

ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3713-5593

Associate Professor, Candidat of Arts (Doctor of Arts Studies)

Public Higher Education Institution

Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University,

Shevchenko Str., 57, Ivano-Frankivsk,

Ivano-Frankivsk region, 76000

Contacts: e-mail: art.trivium@gmail.com

Abstract. Numerous works of decorative and applied arts from the territory of the Galicia-Volhynia state testify to the significant role of Eastern cultural influences on the artistic processes of Southwestern Rus. Although national researchers have addressed the topic of Culture of Ukraine and the East for a long time, the medievalists have mainly based their research on materials from Kyivan and Vladimir-Suzdal Rus. The scientific researches based on artifacts of princely era of Galician lands, though not uncommon, deal with some art forms, sometimes without considering general cultural and historical situation. Most of them have been published by archaeologists. However, it is the archaeological heritage of Ancient Halych that proves the usage in its territory of things of Iranian, Caucasian, Central Asian and Syrian-Palestinian origin, which constituted an essential part of the import of Galician Rus and testify to its active and far-flung network of trade contacts.

The Aim of this paper is to reveal influences of figurative, stylistic, iconographic and technological system of Oriental art on the artistic culture and life of Southwestern Rus from the perspective of international contacts, in particular trade relations of the Galicia-Volhynia state.

Research Methodology. In an attempt to research the above mentioned topic, we use systematic approach and principle of historicism, which have enabled us to consider the culture of the Galicia-Volhynia land as a complex, multidimensional system within the framework of a certain historical period, depending on local social and cultural factors. We have used art-study methods of figurative, stylistic and iconographic analysis.

Findings. In this paper we discuss some aspects of cultural exchange between the Galicia-Volhynia state and Asian countries. We explore a wide range of artifacts (weapons, numismatic objects, household items, jewelry).

Novelty. Based on systematization of sources, the paper reconstructs an integral picture of cultural and economic contacts between Galician Rus and Eastern countries, mainly in the field of trade and artistic handicraft. We analyze artifacts of eastern origin discovered on the lands of Southwestern Rus as an important component of developing material culture in the region, as well as aesthetic demands of its population. We study a significant collection of decorative oriental ceramics, which are abundant in cultural layers of Galicia-Volhynia cities.

Practical Application of the Research. Conceptual issues of the paper can be used in teaching the Humanities, as teaching aids in training courses on the History of Ukrainian Culture and Regional Ethnography.

Keywords: East, trade, numismatics, goods, import, ceramics, decor, Oriental Studies, nomads.

Received 4.05.2020

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