« 2020. № 5 (155)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2020. № 5 (155), 1128—1143

UDK [391:658.341.353](477.41./42-15)

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2020.05.1128

LIME-BAST FOOTWEAR OF POLISSIA RESIDENTS IN THE WESTERN POLISSIA ETHNO-CULTURAL FRONTIER AREA

Bulhakova-Sytnyk Ludmyla

  • ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0123-7854
  • Ph. D. of Historical Sciences,
  • Researcher of the Institute of Ethnology of the National Academy
  • of Sciences of Ukraine, Fellow of the Museum of Ethnography and Art Crafts
  • Svobody Avenue, 15, 79000. Lviv. Ukraine
  • Contacts: e-mail: lbulhakova@gmail.com

Abstract. The article constitutes an attempt to make comprehensive analysis of archaic lime-bast foorwear of Western Polissia Ukrainians, enabling its historical reconstruction. Topicality of the research into traditional footwear lies in a considerable expansion of the range of problems lying in the plain of the history of daily life, an important part of which is labour activity of residents within the system of natural and climatic conditions. Important scientific interest presents the study of mutual effects in the field of clothing culture of the residents of the Ukrainian-Belarus frontier area, in particular, traditional footwear.

The goal of the research is to make comprehensive analysis of the manufacturing technologies, ways of wearing and local names of lime-bast footwear in the area of interethnic contacts of Ukrainian and Belarus people, identification of characteristic regional features of the object under research.

The object of the research is archaic peasant footwear made of lime bast and its components, while the subject of the research is the data about raw materials, wickerwork techniques, ways of wearing, and local names. Materials collected in more than 300 inhabited settlements of Kyiv, Zhytomyr, Rivne, and Volyn regions of the ethnographic region of Polissia were taken as the source of the study. Materials from other regions of Ukraine and Belarus; printed materials containing mentions of Polissia residents’ traditional footwear were also involved for comparison purposes.

The chronological framework is determined by the thematic direction and the task of the research and embrace the period of the first half of the ХХth c. The territorial limits include the territory of Western Polissia.

The methodological framework of the research includes general scientific principles of historical analysis. Comparative historical, descriptive method and cartography method were used in the problem research.

The materials of the research can be used for writing special and generalizing papers in the history of traditional clothing of Ukrainians; historical reconstruction of lime-bast footwear; preparation of museum expositions.

Keywords: Western Polissia, Ukrainian-Belarus interethnic frontier area, traditional lime-bast footwear, voloky, lapti (bast shoes), lychaky (bast sandals), postoly (sandals strapped to the feet).

Received 12.10.2020

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