Archive

« 2020. № 5 (155)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2020. № 5 (155), 1202—1212

UDK [94(=161.2-058.65:477.83-22):341.322(=162.1)]”1944″

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2020.05.1202

A TRAGEDY IN TARASOVO HAMLET IN THE FOREST BETWEEN RAKIVETS AND SELYSKO, IN PUSTOMYTY DISTRICT, LVIV REGION, MARCH 21st, 1944

HORBAL Маrіa

  • ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9287-8336
  • leading scientific editor,
  • The Institute of Ethnology of the National
  • Academy of Sciences of Ukraine,
  • 15, Svobody Avenue, 79000, Lviv, Ukraine
  • Contacts: e-mail: horbal.m@gmail.com

Abstract. Problem statement. On March 21st, 1944, still during the German occupation of Lviv region, a crime of murder of fifty Ukrainians took place in Tarasovo (Tarasiv) hamlet, in the forest between Rakivets and Selysko in Pustomyty district, Lviv region. The crime had been pre-planned and executed by an armed gang, Polish-speaking members of which were mostly from Davydiv village. That the crime had been pre-planned is proved by the fact that the mayors of Selysko, Lopushna, Cherepyn, Zhyrivka, Myloshevychi and Poroshna villages were, allegedly, informed that that day was going to be a firewood stocking day (as if they had to send coachmen to Tarasovo (“Tarasiv”) hamlet to bring the firewood).

The resourses used in our article are: the materials of F.I. Steblii “Krayova” Army in military actions in Ukrainian villages near Lviv (March-July 1944)” [1]; materials of the researcher of Lopushna village, N. Melnyk “My Lopushna” [2]; materials of scientific and practical seminar “Murder of the Ukrainians in Tarasovo hemlet and its neighborhood on March 20-21st, 1944, as a small “Volyn tragedy” of Nadzubriany region…”, that took place on March 25th, 2018, in Selysko village of Zvenygorod Deanery, initiated and organized by Father Dr. Petro Troletskyi, an administrator of St. Nicolas Chruch in Selysko village, and a lecturer in Ukrainian Catholic University, published on the official web-site of Ukrainian Greek-Catholic Church Lviv Archeparchy [3]; private journal notes of Ivan Grygorovych Ivaniv (born 1914), a forest ranger of a neighboring Tovshchiv village, that he took on that tragic day, as well as the testimonies of the respondents and residents of Selysko village.

As of today, there is a significant gap in the study about the victims of Polish-Ukrainian conflict. The reminder of this tragic event, to this day, brings horror on the residents of Selysko, Lopushna, Cherepyn, Myloshevychi, Poroshna, Zhyrivka vill­lages in Lviv region. Therefore, the facts of sabotage actions need scientific scrutiny, as they may reveal the real reason of a mass terror with demonstrated sadism. This substenciates the relevance of the topic. The goal of our research is to study and analyze the events in the village of the victims — Selysko, Pustomyty district, after the crime comitted by Polish gangs in Tarasovo hemlet (and the neighborhood), March 21st, 1944.

The methods used in the research are: systematic method, historic reconstruction, contextual method. At the stage of information gathering and systematizing — interview.

Keywords: Tarasovo hemlet («Tarasiv»), Selysko, Lopushna, Cherepyn villages, Greek-Catholic priest, Ukrainian victims, Krayova Army (KA).

Received 7.10.2020

REFERENCES

  • Steblii, F.I. (2010). «Krayova» Army in military actions in Ukrainian villages near Lviv (March-July 1944). Lviv [in Ukrainian]. 
  • Melnyk, N. (2020). My Lopushna.Lviv [in Ukrainian]. 
  • A seminar dedicated to the Tarasiv hemlet tragedy took place in Selysko village. Retrieved from:  http://ugcc.lviv.ua/2018/03/27/u-selysku-vidbuvsya-seminar-prysvyachenyj-tragediyi-hutora (Accessed 8 October  2020) [in Ukrainian]. 
  • The tragedy of the villages near Lviv. Retrieved from: https://vgolos.com.ua/news/tragediya-pidlvivskyh-sil_113002.html (Accessed 8 October  2020) [in Ukrainian].

Read»

Our authors
Wax candle as ukrainian Christmas and epiphany ritualistic text
For the first time in native ethnology the article has brought some results of special study in sign functionality of a wax candle under the context of Ukrainian Christmas and Epiphany ritualistic text (ritualism of Christmas Eve, New Year, Epiphany Eve and Feast of Epiphany). The study has stated extremely high semiotic position of a wax candle as projection of Sun, mediator between the spheres of sacral and prophane elements, symbolic analogue of human existence, apotropy, cultural symbol re-establishing borders of acculturated space.
Read »

On field exploration of russian and belarusian ethnologists and etnolinguists in Ukrainian Polisia 1945—1980s
In the study based on a wide range of literary materials have been comprehensively characterised field research in Polisia of Ukraine, performed by Russian and Belarusian ethnologists during 1945—1980s as well as Moscow ethnolinguists and other researchers from ethnologic centres of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus in the course of realization of Ethnolinguistic Atlas of Polisia program. Particular attention has been paid to geography, methods, themes and research results of scientific projects.
Read »

Boikos’ pandemonium: categories of evil deceased
In the article have been presented some research-work on peculiarities of Boikos’ traditional demonological notions as for so-called evil deceased; on the basis of field records and ethnological literary sources quite a number of scum categories have been defined as well as essential habits, modes of behavior and functions of these personages of people’s demonology.
Read »

On bessarabian and moldavian ukrainians in the studies of historical ethnography
The article has thrown some light upon a sum of scientific findings got during XIX to XXI cc. in historio-ethnographic studies of Bessarabia and Moldavian Ukrainians. In the pre­sent paper has been given author’s answer to the problem of lacking progress as for the numerous themes concerning Ukrainians. State and achievements of the research-works in Ukrainians’ material and spiritual culture by the scientists of Moldavia and Ukraine through the years of independence has been exposed.
Read »