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The Ethnology Notebooks. 2020. № 5 (155), 1022—1029

UDK 94(477:438)”1944/1946″:341.43

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2020.05.1022

ANTHROPOLOGY OF THE MEMORY OF UKRAINIANS OF LEMKO REGION AND NADSYANNIA ABOUT DEPORTATION (ON MATERIALS OF FIELD RESEARCH)

LESIUK Viktoriia

  • ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8061-5643
  • Master of Ethnology and Archeology
  • Vasyl Stefanyk
  • Precarpathian National University
  • Shevchenko Street, 57
  • 76000, Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine
  • Contacts: e-mail: dia_vika@ukr.net

Abstract. Introduction. Due to the gradual improvement of modern Ukrainian-Polish relations, there are still some unresolved ques­tions about conduct and consequences of the deportation of ethnic Ukrainians during 1944—1946. The historical truth on an interstate scale has not yet been definitively established, as the parties are guided only their political motives.  Аt the epicenter of the events were ordinary people who least wanted to be in the status of exiles from their native lands.

The purpose of the article is the need to make a holistic picture of the transformational processes in consciousness and everyday life of ethnic Ukrainians under the influence of the deportation of 1944—46.

The research methodology is based on historical, comparative, empirical and retrospective research methods. The scientific novelty lies in the coverage of the problem of adaptation of ethnic Ukrainians in the Soviet lands during their forced eviction from the territory of Lemko region and Nadsyannia (now the territories of modern Poland and Slovakia) described by the deportees themselves.

The source base of this article is the testimony of deported ethnic Ukrainians, which was collected by the author during a field study during 2018—2019 in the Ivano-Frankivsk region (Mariyampil village in Halyts’kyi district, Uhornyky village, Mykytyntsi village and Ivano-Frankivsk city).

Conclusions. This article describes the main aspects of the development and changes in Polish-Ukrainian relations against the background of forced resettlement by Poland and the USSR. In order to comprehensively study these processes, the author conducted field research by interviewing respondents whose memories formed the basis of this scientific work. In the course of the research, we were able to establish that the bitter historical experience certainly left its imprint on the consciousness of deported Ukrainians. This, caused certain metamorphoses in their perception of themselves as victims of other people’s ambitions, and contributed to even greater consolidation of ethnic Ukrainians in order to be recognized as illegally deported at the state level.

Keywords: deportation, Lemko region, Nadsyannia, memories, history.

Received 25.09.2020

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