« 2021. # 1 (157)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2021. # 1 (157), P. 98—110

УДК 94(=512.19:560)”1980/2000″

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2021.01.098

Rustem ABLÂTİFOV

  • ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3368-7203
  • Master in Public Administration, Ph. D. candidate,
  • Ivan Franko National University of Lviv,
  • Department of Middle Ages and Byzantine Studies,
  • 1, Universitetska Str., 79000, Lviv, Ukraine,
  • e-mail: abu-bakr@ukr.net

CRIMEAN DIASPORA OF TURKEY IN THE QIRIMLI NATIONAL MOVEMENT (the end of the 80-s — the beginning of the 2000-s)

Problem statement. The Qırımlı National Movement appeared as a historical phenomenon as a movement to restore their rights and freedoms, first of all, for the right to return to their historical Motherland — Crimea in the USSR in the middle of the 1950’s. The movement arose mainly in the Central Asian republics, where the Qırımlı nation was deported extrajudicially and totally by Stalin’s regime in 1944. As a result of this criminal Deportation that has been recognized by the parliaments of Ukraine, Latvia and Lithuania as an act of genocide against the Qırımlı, 46,2% of deportees died in consequence of the transportation in non-human terms and extrajudicial executions, slave labour, abuse and diseases, during the first two years of the exile. The Qırımlı National Movement is a unique precedent in the world history, since the whole nation was involved on the principles of the non-violent struggle for their own rights in the conditions of the USSR totalitarian regime. Beginning from the period of the so-called «Khrushchev thaw», the Crimean diaspora’s representatives in the Western states are joined also to the struggle for the right to return to their Motherland.

The purpose of this study is to research and to analyse a role and place of the Turkey’s Crimean diaspora in the Qırımlı national movement during their mass repatriation process to the Autonomous Republic of Crimea’s territory from the former exile places in a period of the end of 1980s to the early 2000s, the Turkish Crimean diaspora’s influence and contribution to the common struggle to restore the Qırımlı nation rights and freedoms. Also, an attention is paid to the influence of the Qırımlı national and cultural associations on the public policy of the Turkish Republic to support the process of the Qırımlı repatriation to their historical Homeland. The scientific novelty is that activities of the Turkey’s Crimean diaspora within the framework of the activity of the Qırımlı national movement and its contribution to the struggle for the Qırımlı right to return to their historical Motherland are studied for the first time. Research methods are based on the principles of systemicity and historicism. One of the main methods is also the method of «oral history», when the sources of information were specially conducted interviews. Conclusions. The Crimean diaspora’s movement in Turkey joined the national Qırımlı movement and made its important contribution to the struggle to return to the Qırımlı nation to their historical Motherland and to revive their culture and spirituality in the late 1990s.

Keywords: Qırımlı diaspora, Crimea, Turkey, Qırımlı national movement, return

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