« 2021. # 4 (160)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2021. № 4 (160), 831—839

UDK638.1(477)(092)Боровський М.”1891-1989″

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2021.04.831


MOVNA Ulyana

  • Doctor of Sciences of History, Senior Researcher
  • of the Institute of Ethnology of the National Academy
  • of Sciences of Ukraine,
  • in the Department of Historical Ethnology,
  • Svobody Avenue 15, 79000, Lviv, Ukraine
  • Contacts: e-mail: movlana@ukr.net

Abstract. Mykhailo Borovsky, an agronomist-engineer, theoretician and propagandist of beekeeping, organizer of the beekeeping cooperative movement, scientist, botanical terminology specialist, pedagogue, editor, is one of the cohort of Ukrainian public figures whose science, as well as beekeeping and cooperative practice, to the extent of their strength and capabilities approached the independence of Ukraine. His creative legacy includes 19 monographs and more than 200 brochures and articles.

The article outlines the life and creative path of the famous Ukrainian beekeeper and public figure of Mykhailo Borovsky (1891—1989), who with his tireless work approached the onset of the independent Ukrainian state. Particular attention is paid to the Lviv period of his creative, scientific, pedagogical and public activities, which lasted from 1927 to 1939 and proved to be surprisingly fruitful.

There are practically no special studies of the polyhedral figure of M. Borovsky in Ukraine, which determines the relevance of this investigation. The object of the research is actually the figure of M. Borovsky, and the subject — his scientific and practical activities aimed at creating development of agronomic science, a modern Ukrainian beekeeping and consolidation of the beekeeping community. The article uses a comparative method, the method of historical reconstruction, the method of biographical studies.

Кeywords: Mykhailo Borovsky, beekeeping, apiary cooperation, Beekeeping section of the company «Silskyi Hospodar», agronomy, natural science, Ukrainian.

Received 9.08.2021


  • Rozgin, I. (1962). M.L. Borovsky. Biobibliographic essay on life, public and scientific work on the occasion of the 70-th anniversary. Toronto [in Ukrainian].
  • Marunchak, M. (1986). Biographical guide to the history of Ukrainians in Canada (Pp. 78—79). Winnipeg [in Ukrainian].
  • (1961). Anniversary of the head of IDV M. Borovsky. Chronicle of Volyn, 5, 151—153 [in Ukrainian].
  • Narizhny, S. (1942). Ukrainian emigration: cultural work of Ukrainian emigration between the two world wars [in Ukrainian].
  • Central State Historical Archive of Ukraine in Lviv. F. 302. Op. 1. Act. 740 [in Ukrainian].
  • Borovsky, M. (1974). Essay on the history of agricultural schooling in western Ukraine 1900—1944. Winnipeg [in Ukrainian].
  • Borovsky, M. (1970). Beekeeping cooperation and its cooperation with TV «Silsky Hospodar». Regional Business Association «Silsky Hospodar» in Lviv. 1899—1944 (Pp. 552—557). New York [in Ukrainian].
  • (1928). Meeting of the Supervisory Board and the Board of «Riy». Ukrainian Beekeeper, 5, 66 [in Ukrainian].
  • (1928). Industrial apiary of TV «Riy» in Lviv. Ukrainian Beekeeper, 2, 20 [in Ukrainian].
  • (1929). News from the edge. General meeting of the coop. «Riy» in Lviv. Farmer, 4, 60 [in Ukrainian].
  • Borovsky, M. (Ed.). (1938). Beekeeper’s friend. Calendar-notebook for Ukrainian beekeepers for 1939. Lviv [in Ukrainian].
  • Movna, U. (2010). Activities of the first Ukrainian beekeeping cooperative «Riy» (Lviv; Kholm, 1926—1944) (According to periodicals). Collection of works of the Research Center of Periodicals (Issue 2 (18), pp. 266—278) [in Ukrainian].
  • Central State Historical Archive of Ukraine in Lviv. F. 302. Op. 1. Act. 105 [in Ukrainian].
  • Movna, U. (2008). From the history of the beekeeping section of the Ukrainian regional society «Silsky Hospodar» in Lviv (to the 150-th anniversary of the birth of Yu. Dutkevych). Drohobych local lore collection (Issue 11—12, pp. 293—300) [in Ukrainian].
  • Borovsky, M. (1970). Main Beekeeping Section of TV «Silsky Hospodar» Regional Business Association «Silsky Hospodar» in Lviv. 1899—1944 (Pp. 174—185). New York [in Ukrainian].
  • Fur, I. (1989). Ukrainian cooperation in the Kholm region during the German occupation, 1939—1944. Nadbuzhanshchyna. Sokal, Belz, Radekhiv, Kaminech, Kholm and Podlasie. Historical and memoir collection (Vol. 2. pp. 681—697).New York; Paris; Sydney; Toronto [in Ukrainian].
  • (1942). Regional beekeeping cooperative «Rij» in Kholm. Ukrainian beekeeper, 1, 13 [in Ukrainian].


Our authors
On bessarabian and moldavian ukrainians in the studies of historical ethnography
The article has thrown some light upon a sum of scientific findings got during XIX to XXI cc. in historio-ethnographic studies of Bessarabia and Moldavian Ukrainians. In the pre­sent paper has been given author’s answer to the problem of lacking progress as for the numerous themes concerning Ukrainians. State and achievements of the research-works in Ukrainians’ material and spiritual culture by the scientists of Moldavia and Ukraine through the years of independence has been exposed.
Read »

Maternity ritualism by volhynians in publications of the second half XIX to the early XXI cc.
In the article have been considered some basic landmarks for fixing and publication of ethnographic materials on the maternity rites of Volhynia with analytical study in ritual elements, their kinds and territories of origin. The article has also raised a problem of gaps in studies of maternity rites of Ukrainian historio-ethnographic Volhynia.
Read »

Wax candle as ukrainian Christmas and epiphany ritualistic text
For the first time in native ethnology the article has brought some results of special study in sign functionality of a wax candle under the context of Ukrainian Christmas and Epiphany ritualistic text (ritualism of Christmas Eve, New Year, Epiphany Eve and Feast of Epiphany). The study has stated extremely high semiotic position of a wax candle as projection of Sun, mediator between the spheres of sacral and prophane elements, symbolic analogue of human existence, apotropy, cultural symbol re-establishing borders of acculturated space.
Read »

Daily bread baking of ukrainians in the south-western ethnographical region at the late XIX to early XXI cc.
The paper has dealt with analytic study in prescriptions, signs, customs, methods, ways of selection, procurement and some peculiarities in usage of subsidiary means — water, firewood and leaves in bread baking. The final aim of the mentioned actions had been (and still is) selection of the means and ingredients fit, by their characteristics, for the backing of bread. The paper has demonstrated dependence of bread backing subsi­diary means criteria from the folk nutritional standards and world outlook stereotypes as well as from regional social and economic, natural and geographical factors and peculiarities of material culture.
Read »