« 2021. # 4 (160)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2021. № 4 (160), 831—839

UDK638.1(477)(092)Боровський М.”1891-1989″

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2021.04.831


MOVNA Ulyana

  • Doctor of Sciences of History, Senior Researcher
  • of the Institute of Ethnology of the National Academy
  • of Sciences of Ukraine,
  • in the Department of Historical Ethnology,
  • Svobody Avenue 15, 79000, Lviv, Ukraine
  • Contacts: e-mail: movlana@ukr.net

Abstract. Mykhailo Borovsky, an agronomist-engineer, theoretician and propagandist of beekeeping, organizer of the beekeeping cooperative movement, scientist, botanical terminology specialist, pedagogue, editor, is one of the cohort of Ukrainian public figures whose science, as well as beekeeping and cooperative practice, to the extent of their strength and capabilities approached the independence of Ukraine. His creative legacy includes 19 monographs and more than 200 brochures and articles.

The article outlines the life and creative path of the famous Ukrainian beekeeper and public figure of Mykhailo Borovsky (1891—1989), who with his tireless work approached the onset of the independent Ukrainian state. Particular attention is paid to the Lviv period of his creative, scientific, pedagogical and public activities, which lasted from 1927 to 1939 and proved to be surprisingly fruitful.

There are practically no special studies of the polyhedral figure of M. Borovsky in Ukraine, which determines the relevance of this investigation. The object of the research is actually the figure of M. Borovsky, and the subject — his scientific and practical activities aimed at creating development of agronomic science, a modern Ukrainian beekeeping and consolidation of the beekeeping community. The article uses a comparative method, the method of historical reconstruction, the method of biographical studies.

Кeywords: Mykhailo Borovsky, beekeeping, apiary cooperation, Beekeeping section of the company «Silskyi Hospodar», agronomy, natural science, Ukrainian.

Received 9.08.2021


  • Rozgin, I. (1962). M.L. Borovsky. Biobibliographic essay on life, public and scientific work on the occasion of the 70-th anniversary. Toronto [in Ukrainian].
  • Marunchak, M. (1986). Biographical guide to the history of Ukrainians in Canada (Pp. 78—79). Winnipeg [in Ukrainian].
  • (1961). Anniversary of the head of IDV M. Borovsky. Chronicle of Volyn, 5, 151—153 [in Ukrainian].
  • Narizhny, S. (1942). Ukrainian emigration: cultural work of Ukrainian emigration between the two world wars [in Ukrainian].
  • Central State Historical Archive of Ukraine in Lviv. F. 302. Op. 1. Act. 740 [in Ukrainian].
  • Borovsky, M. (1974). Essay on the history of agricultural schooling in western Ukraine 1900—1944. Winnipeg [in Ukrainian].
  • Borovsky, M. (1970). Beekeeping cooperation and its cooperation with TV «Silsky Hospodar». Regional Business Association «Silsky Hospodar» in Lviv. 1899—1944 (Pp. 552—557). New York [in Ukrainian].
  • (1928). Meeting of the Supervisory Board and the Board of «Riy». Ukrainian Beekeeper, 5, 66 [in Ukrainian].
  • (1928). Industrial apiary of TV «Riy» in Lviv. Ukrainian Beekeeper, 2, 20 [in Ukrainian].
  • (1929). News from the edge. General meeting of the coop. «Riy» in Lviv. Farmer, 4, 60 [in Ukrainian].
  • Borovsky, M. (Ed.). (1938). Beekeeper’s friend. Calendar-notebook for Ukrainian beekeepers for 1939. Lviv [in Ukrainian].
  • Movna, U. (2010). Activities of the first Ukrainian beekeeping cooperative «Riy» (Lviv; Kholm, 1926—1944) (According to periodicals). Collection of works of the Research Center of Periodicals (Issue 2 (18), pp. 266—278) [in Ukrainian].
  • Central State Historical Archive of Ukraine in Lviv. F. 302. Op. 1. Act. 105 [in Ukrainian].
  • Movna, U. (2008). From the history of the beekeeping section of the Ukrainian regional society «Silsky Hospodar» in Lviv (to the 150-th anniversary of the birth of Yu. Dutkevych). Drohobych local lore collection (Issue 11—12, pp. 293—300) [in Ukrainian].
  • Borovsky, M. (1970). Main Beekeeping Section of TV «Silsky Hospodar» Regional Business Association «Silsky Hospodar» in Lviv. 1899—1944 (Pp. 174—185). New York [in Ukrainian].
  • Fur, I. (1989). Ukrainian cooperation in the Kholm region during the German occupation, 1939—1944. Nadbuzhanshchyna. Sokal, Belz, Radekhiv, Kaminech, Kholm and Podlasie. Historical and memoir collection (Vol. 2. pp. 681—697).New York; Paris; Sydney; Toronto [in Ukrainian].
  • (1942). Regional beekeeping cooperative «Rij» in Kholm. Ukrainian beekeeper, 1, 13 [in Ukrainian].


Our authors
Daily bread baking of ukrainians in the south-western ethnographical region at the late XIX to early XXI cc.
The paper has dealt with analytic study in prescriptions, signs, customs, methods, ways of selection, procurement and some peculiarities in usage of subsidiary means — water, firewood and leaves in bread baking. The final aim of the mentioned actions had been (and still is) selection of the means and ingredients fit, by their characteristics, for the backing of bread. The paper has demonstrated dependence of bread backing subsi­diary means criteria from the folk nutritional standards and world outlook stereotypes as well as from regional social and economic, natural and geographical factors and peculiarities of material culture.
Read »

Boikos’ pandemonium: categories of evil deceased
In the article have been presented some research-work on peculiarities of Boikos’ traditional demonological notions as for so-called evil deceased; on the basis of field records and ethnological literary sources quite a number of scum categories have been defined as well as essential habits, modes of behavior and functions of these personages of people’s demonology.
Read »

Traditional folk clothes of velikobychkovsky hutsuly of XIX — the first half of XX century
In the study based upon numerous field materials, literature sources as well as ethnographic, historio-cultural and regional museum collections has been performed complex analysis in traditional folk clothes by Hutzul population of Velyky Bychkiv village in Transcarpathian region. Detailed descriptions of femi­nine and masculine clothing complexes of the mentioned area have been presented. In characterizing of those main attention has been paid to the detail of cut in separate components of dress; cut of feminine shirt has been added as an illustration.
Read »

On field exploration of russian and belarusian ethnologists and etnolinguists in Ukrainian Polisia 1945—1980s
In the study based on a wide range of literary materials have been comprehensively characterised field research in Polisia of Ukraine, performed by Russian and Belarusian ethnologists during 1945—1980s as well as Moscow ethnolinguists and other researchers from ethnologic centres of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus in the course of realization of Ethnolinguistic Atlas of Polisia program. Particular attention has been paid to geography, methods, themes and research results of scientific projects.
Read »