« 2021. # 4 (160)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2021. № 4 (160), 767—774

UDK94(477)”1991/2021″:[328:001.89]

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2021.04.767

IGNORING SCIENCE: TO THE 30TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE RESTORATION OF UKRAINIAN STATEHOOD

PAVLIUK Stepan

  • ORCID ID: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0975-8099
  • Doctor of History, Professor, Academician of NAS of Ukraine
  • Director of the Institute of Ethnology of the NAS of Ukraine
  • 15, Svobody Ave., 79000, Lviv, Ukraine.
  • Contacts: e-mail: ina@mail.lviv.ua

Abstract. Problem statement. At the beginning of the modern history of Ukraine, government officials contributed to the prosperity of the scientific sphere, and the results were successful. However, it looked like half the battle. Scientists accumulated scientific capital, especially natural, scientific and technical direction, but the authorities failed to ensure the implementation of scientific ideas. It turned out (and it remains to this day) that scientists carried out the state order, and the customers, that is, the authorities, did not seek the way (for some reason) to implement them, that is, simply sabotaged, or on the grounds of short-sightedness, without realizing the mission of science in stable development, out of indifference, or even — do not allow the Lord — out of side interest.

The purpose of the article is to substantiate the research successes of the Institute of Ethnology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine during the Ukrainian statehood. The importance of creative work of scientists of the institution is emphasized, its direct influence on the formation of aesthetic culture on the basis of national values of society.

Chronological boundaries of the study are 30 years since the restoration of Ukrainian statehood (1991—2021).

Novelty of the article. Attention was paid to the lack of adequate understanding by the authorities of a significant mission of humanities social science in the field of education, proper attitude and perception of the treasures of traditional folk culture.

Conclusions. The academic field of obscenity is degraded by the fact of underestimation and significant underfunding. The research methodology is based on historical review, theoretical analysis, systematization and generalizations of the author.

Keywords: Ukraine, ethnos, Ukrainian statehood, Academy of Sciences, Institute of Ethnology, research and development, academic field, socio-humanitarian sphere.

Received  29.07.2021

REFERENCES

  • Metropolitan, Andrei Sheptytsky. (2015). In order. at. Vladimir Zinko. Our statehood. Lviv; Zhovkva: Missionary [in Ukrainian].
  • Andrey Sheptytsky. (2009). About statehood. Lviv [in Ukrainian].

Read»

Our authors
Traditional folk clothes of velikobychkovsky hutsuly of XIX — the first half of XX century
In the study based upon numerous field materials, literature sources as well as ethnographic, historio-cultural and regional museum collections has been performed complex analysis in traditional folk clothes by Hutzul population of Velyky Bychkiv village in Transcarpathian region. Detailed descriptions of femi­nine and masculine clothing complexes of the mentioned area have been presented. In characterizing of those main attention has been paid to the detail of cut in separate components of dress; cut of feminine shirt has been added as an illustration.
Read »

Daily bread baking of ukrainians in the south-western ethnographical region at the late XIX to early XXI cc.
The paper has dealt with analytic study in prescriptions, signs, customs, methods, ways of selection, procurement and some peculiarities in usage of subsidiary means — water, firewood and leaves in bread baking. The final aim of the mentioned actions had been (and still is) selection of the means and ingredients fit, by their characteristics, for the backing of bread. The paper has demonstrated dependence of bread backing subsi­diary means criteria from the folk nutritional standards and world outlook stereotypes as well as from regional social and economic, natural and geographical factors and peculiarities of material culture.
Read »

Maternity ritualism by volhynians in publications of the second half XIX to the early XXI cc.
In the article have been considered some basic landmarks for fixing and publication of ethnographic materials on the maternity rites of Volhynia with analytical study in ritual elements, their kinds and territories of origin. The article has also raised a problem of gaps in studies of maternity rites of Ukrainian historio-ethnographic Volhynia.
Read »

On bessarabian and moldavian ukrainians in the studies of historical ethnography
The article has thrown some light upon a sum of scientific findings got during XIX to XXI cc. in historio-ethnographic studies of Bessarabia and Moldavian Ukrainians. In the pre­sent paper has been given author’s answer to the problem of lacking progress as for the numerous themes concerning Ukrainians. State and achievements of the research-works in Ukrainians’ material and spiritual culture by the scientists of Moldavia and Ukraine through the years of independence has been exposed.
Read »