« 2021. # 6 (162)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2021. № 6 (162),  1367—1375

UDK027.1:94(=161.2)(410)”19/20″(092)

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2021.06.1367

BOOK COLLECTION OF M. DEMKOVYCH-DOBRIANSKY IN THE CONTEXT OF UKRAINIAN DIASPORA LIBRARIES SECOND HALF OF XX CEN.

KRAVETS Danylo

  • ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1963-9678
  • candidate of Historical Sciences,
  • Researcher of Manuscript Department at Vasyl Stefanyk
  • Lviv National Scientific Library of Ukraine,
  • assistant lecturer of the Department of History,
  • museology and cultural heritage
  • of «Lviv Polytechnic» National University,
  • Contacts: e-mail: Danylo.M.Kravets@LPNU.UA

Abstract. Introduction. Book collecting including seeking, locating, acquiring, organizing, cataloging, displaying, storing, and maintaining books are of interest to a given collector. 

Problem Statement. The study of personal book collections of Ukrainian public and cultural figures as a component of Ukrainian monuments through the prism of the spiritual preferences of their owners today is an important and urgent task for bibliographers and historians.

Purpose. The objective of this publication is to analyze the rocks, structure and history of the formation of a private book collection of M. Demkovych-Dobrianskyi in the context of the creation of diaspora book collections of the second half of the twentieth century.

Methods. The article uses mainly historical-cultural and comparative methods, as well as elements of structural-typological and other methods inherent in historical science.

Results. The paper characterizes the content of the personal library of Mykhaylo Demkovych-Dobrianskyi (1905—2003)  — famous historian, chief-editor of the Ukrainian edition of Radio Liberty, publicist, public and political activist. After his death the bulk of this collection was transferred to the library of the UCUniversity in Lviv (since 2017 The Metropolitan Andrey Sheptytskyi Center). Part of it stored at the department of manuscripts of Vasyl Stefanyk Lviv National Scientific Library of Ukraine.

Conclusion. Private book collections are created under the influence of enthusiastic interest in books, occupying an important place in the system of cultural values of society. The social significance of private book collections is that they are the basis for the formation of public libraries, focusing on preserving the cultural heritage of the nation for future generations. From the very beginning of his journalistic carrier M. Dobrianskyi began to write book reviews. Living in immigration, the journalist followed the appearance of new publications by Ukrainian authors and works related to Ukraine’s history, culture, economy, etc. M. Demkovych-Dobrianskyi was a bibliophile and built up a private collection (arguably the largest among Ukrainians in the UK) covering generally history, political science, culture, philosophy and other subjects. Samizdat editions by USSR dissidents were the significant part of M. Dobrianskyi personal library. Since 1960s, M. Dobrianskyi, as the editor-in-chief of the Ukrainian Radio Liberty, began collecting Ukrainian self-published publications. Radio Liberty became one of the few Western media outlets that broadcast Ukrainian Soviet samizdat. A large part of M. Dobryansky’s library is decorated with his bookplate (ex-libris), and many editions contain gift inscriptions of the authors.

Keywords: M. Demkovych-Dobrianskyi, private library, book, Ukrainian diaspora, samizdat.

Received 7.09.2021

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