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The Ethnology Notebooks. 2022. № 1 (163), 113—122

UDK 398.41(=161.2)”1920/1930″:001.891-057.4А.Фішер

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2022.01.113

DEMONOLOGICAL BELIEFS OF UKRAINIANS IN THE WORKS OF REPRESENTATIVES ADAM FISHER LVIV ETHNOLOGICAL SCHOOL

HALAICHUK Volodymyr

  • ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7780-5876
  • Doctor of Sciences in the field of History,
  • Associate Professor of the Department of Ethnology,
  • Ivan Franko National University of Lviv,
  • 1, Universytetska Str., 79000, Lviv, Ukraine,
  • Contacts: e-mail: halay_czuk@ukr.net

TARNAVSKYI Roman

  • ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7817-6730
  • Doctor of Sciences in the field of History,
  • Associate Professor of the Department of Ethnology,
  • Ivan Franko National University of Lviv,
  • 1, Universytetska Str., 79000, Lviv, Ukraine,
  • Contacts: e-mail: roman.tarnavskyi@lnu.edu.ua

Abstract. Formulation of the problem. A. Fischer’s activity laid the foundations for the formation of a powerful ethnographic and ethnological center at Lviv University during the 1920s and 1930s. The purpose of the investigation is to find out how the demonological ideas and beliefs of Ukrainians are represented in the works of the representatives of this school. The relevance of the article is determined by the need to study traditional spiritual culture. The source base was university courses, sections of ethnographic and local folklore research, small explorations and full-fledged monographs on demonological ideas and beliefs, authored by A. Fischer and his followers. The methodology of the article is based on the complex involvement of a number of general scientific methods, the main of which was the method of typological analysis.

It was found that A. Fischer attracted information about the demonological ideas of Ukrainians in his lecture courses, used them in the monograph «Rusyns», in essays on folk culture of the population of Lviv, Stanislaviv and Ternopil provinces. Information on the demonology of Ukrainians can be found in J. Falkowski, in particular in «Essays on Folk Culture of Ternopil Voivodeship», in monographs «On the Lemko-Boyko border» and «Northeastern border of Hutsul region», in a separate survey of the domestic spirit. According to the acts of court proceedings of the XV—XVIII centuries K. Koranyi studied demonology, — his article «Bald Mountain» deserves special attention, which describes in detail the belief in witches. Ukrainian ethnographic material has taken a significant place in the monographs of G. Perls («Snake in the beliefs of the Polish people») and J. Gaek («Rooster in folk beliefs»). K. Dobryansky prepared a number of meaningful investigations into Ukrainian demonology, among which the work «Witchcraft in the Sambir Region» stands out. R. Harasymchuk and V. Tabor touched upon the demonological ideas of the Hutsuls in the study «Ethnography of Hutsul Mountains».

In general, the works of representatives of the ethnological school of A. Fischer show that demonological ideas are an important component of the vast majority of spheres of folk culture of Ukrainians.

Keywords: demonology, beliefs, spiritual culture, Lviv University, Adam Fischer Lviv Ethnological School.

Received 28.01.2022

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