« 2022. # 2 (164)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2022. № 2 (164), 385—390

UDK [398.81:329.7](=161.2)”19″

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2022.02.385



  • ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6214-8738
  • Candidate of Philological Sciences,
  • Docent, doctoral student,
  • Kyiv National University
  • named after Taras Shevchenko,
  • the Department of Folklore
  • Institute of Philology,.
  • 31, University Str., 08200,
  • Irpin, Kyiv region, Ukraine,
  • Contacts: e-mail: Lypen.pavlova@ukr.net

Abstract. Songs about the national liberation struggle of Ukrainians in the middle of the twentieth century were the subject of research by a number of modern folklorists, who brought to scientific circulation the little-known texts created by participants of national competitions and their relatives, sweethearts, friends, ideological supporters as well as eyewitnesses of the events of this period, descendants, etc. The people’s liberation struggle of Ukrainians of the twentieth century is presented by researchers in the receptive representation of the heroes of folklore, through a deep understanding of the truth-good-freedom triad, the philosophical problem «I» and «Other», the meaning of human existence, the tragic paradigm, ambivalence of love and more.

Rebel songs are diverse in subject matter, genre, poetic structure, and because these folk samples are «traces of living facts», extremely important are the features of the narrative, the existence of the narrator, his experience of being in all its diversity and immensity.

The aim of the article is to study the existential consciousness at the level of worldview in lyrical-epic songs about the national liberation struggle of the Ukrainian people in the middle of the twentieth century.

The object of research is lyric-epic songs, the texts of which are included in the collections of Ukrainian folklore of the XX century.

The subject of research is the existential consciousness of the narrator in terms of worldview, presented in the rebel lyric-epic songs.

 Research methods: the analytical method is used during the selection of features of existential consciousness. The descriptive method is involved in considering the theoretical aspects of the topic. A comparative method is used to clarify the spiritual universe of the narrator.

Keywords: lyric-epic songs, existential consciousness, narrator, national liberation struggle, rebel songs, text, social and domestic event, worldview.

Received 20.04.2022


  • Demyan, G. (2003). Ukrainian insurgent songs of 1940—2000 (historical and folklore research). Lviv: Galician Publishing Union [in Ukrainian].
  • Kobylyansky, V. (2013). Music in the life of Ukrainian insurgents in the Carpathians (second half of the 1940 — early 1950). Galicia (Part 24, pp. 331—343). Retrieved from: http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/Nikp_2013_24_47 (Last accessed: 20.09.2021) [in Ukrainian].
  • Lun’o, E. (1999). People and Motherland in insurgent songs. (Based on factual materials from Yavoriv region). Ethnographic notebooks, 3, 323—325 [in Ukrainian].
  • Lun’o, E. (2007). Satire on Hitler’s army in insurgent songs. The way of liberation, 10 (715), 76—96 [in Ukrainian].
  • Lun’o, E. (2008). Nazi occupation orders in the Ukrainian countryside through the prism of folk satire. Ukrainian liberation movement. Center for the Study of the Liberation Movement, IU. I. Krypyakevych of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 12, 204—218 [in Ukrainian].
  • Lun’o, E. (1999). Stepan Bandera in the song folklore of Yavoriv region. The way of liberation, 10, 1201—1210 [in Ukrainian].
  • Kuzmenko, O. (2018). Dramatic human existence in Ukrainian folklore: conceptual forms of expression (period of the First and Second World Wars): monograph. Lviv: Institute of Ethnology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine [in Ukrainian].
  • Kuzmenko, O. (2017). The concept of «Enemy» in the interpretive paradigm of twentieth-century folklore. Ethnographic notebooks, 5 (137), 1086—1096 [in Ukrainian].
  • Shinkaruk, V.I. (2002). Philosophical encyclopedic dictionary: encyclopedia. Kyiv: Abris [in Ukrainian].
  • Baudrillard, J. (1996). Simulacra and simulation (abstract W. Furs). Philosophy of the postmodern era: Sat. translations and abstracts (Pp. 32—47). Minsk: Izd. Krasiko-Print LLC [in Russian].
  • Jaspers, K. (2014). Mind and existence. Moscow: Rehabilitation [in Russian].
  • Pavlova, A.K. (2015). Existential-aesthetic imperative in Ukrainian folk culture: the specifics of the border situation. Literary Studies. Folklore. Culturology: a collection of scientific papers (Issue 18—20, pp. 42—50). Cherkasy: Publisher Chabanenko Yu.A. [in Ukrainian].
  • Lavrishin, Z. (Ed.). (1996—1997). Chronicle of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army. Songs of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army (Vol. 25). Toronto; Lviv: Chronicle of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army [in Ukrainian].
  • Husserl, E. (2004). The crisis of European sciences and transcendental phenomenology. St. Petersburg: Vladimir Dahl [in Russian].
  • Frank, S.L. (1917). The soul of Man. Experience of introduction to philosophical psychology. Moscow [in Russian].
  • Pukivsky, Yu. (2016). Insurgent songs from the voice of Sofia Parpan from the village of Dolynyany, Rohatyn district, Ivano-Frankivsk region. Mythology and Folklore: All-Ukrainian scientific and educational journal, 3—4, 118—124 [in Ukrainian].
  • Frankl, W. (1990). Man in search of meaning. Moscow: Progress [in Russian].
  • Heidegger, M., Bibikhin, V.V., & Akhutin, A.V. (1989). Basic concepts of metaphysics. Questions of philosophy, 9, 116—157 [in Russian].
  • Bury, A. (2012). To the problem of anthropological dimensions of the ontology of existentialism. Scientific notes of Ostroh Academy National University. Philosophy, 182, 26—40 [in Ukrainian].
  • Kierkegaard, C., Isaeva, N., & Isaeva, S. (2005). The final non-scientific afterword to «Philosophical crumbs». Bulletin of Europe, 16. Retrieved from: http://magazines.russ.ru/vestnik/2005/16/index-pr.html (Last accessed: 16.12.2021) [in Russian].


Our authors
Wax candle as ukrainian Christmas and epiphany ritualistic text
For the first time in native ethnology the article has brought some results of special study in sign functionality of a wax candle under the context of Ukrainian Christmas and Epiphany ritualistic text (ritualism of Christmas Eve, New Year, Epiphany Eve and Feast of Epiphany). The study has stated extremely high semiotic position of a wax candle as projection of Sun, mediator between the spheres of sacral and prophane elements, symbolic analogue of human existence, apotropy, cultural symbol re-establishing borders of acculturated space.
Read »

Boikos’ pandemonium: categories of evil deceased
In the article have been presented some research-work on peculiarities of Boikos’ traditional demonological notions as for so-called evil deceased; on the basis of field records and ethnological literary sources quite a number of scum categories have been defined as well as essential habits, modes of behavior and functions of these personages of people’s demonology.
Read »

Maternity ritualism by volhynians in publications of the second half XIX to the early XXI cc.
In the article have been considered some basic landmarks for fixing and publication of ethnographic materials on the maternity rites of Volhynia with analytical study in ritual elements, their kinds and territories of origin. The article has also raised a problem of gaps in studies of maternity rites of Ukrainian historio-ethnographic Volhynia.
Read »

On bessarabian and moldavian ukrainians in the studies of historical ethnography
The article has thrown some light upon a sum of scientific findings got during XIX to XXI cc. in historio-ethnographic studies of Bessarabia and Moldavian Ukrainians. In the pre­sent paper has been given author’s answer to the problem of lacking progress as for the numerous themes concerning Ukrainians. State and achievements of the research-works in Ukrainians’ material and spiritual culture by the scientists of Moldavia and Ukraine through the years of independence has been exposed.
Read »