« 2022. # 2 (164)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2022. № 2 (164), 401—416

UDK 398.81(477.83-2):[94:329.17(477)”19″]

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2022.02.401

SUPPORTERS OF THE UNDERGROUND IN THE VORTEX OF THE LIBERATION STRUGGLE: MOTIVES OF NATIONAL RESISTANCE AND RED TERROR

KRAVTSOVA Galina

  • ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3774-1481
  • Candidate of Philology,
  • the Institute of Ethnology of the National Academy
  • of Sciences of Ukraine,
  • Research folklore department,
  • 15, Svobody ave., 79000, Lviv, Ukraine,
  • Contacts: e-mail: galynamagas@gmail.com

Abstract. During the Second World War and after the so-called «great victory», the communist totalitarian regime pursued a policy of terror in Ukraine and, in particular, in Galicia, through the relevant repressive authorities. As a result, millions of Ukrainians have been persecuted, deprived of life, liberty, property, tortured, deported, sent to special settlements outside Ukraine, forced labor in conditions of restriction of liberty, deprived of citizenship or otherwise degraded in their civil rights and freedoms. A large number of people were forced to flee, hide, live in unsatisfactory conditions, separate from their relatives and friends, and give their children upbringing to other people.

Folk prose about the life of the Galicia civilian population during and after World War II includes several major cycles. Key topics addressed in the proposed article: cooperation with the underground and mass deportations. Such texts record examples of assistance to the underground, local manifestations and results of the civilians struggle against the occupiers, testify to the role of popular support for the UPA, the place and importance of the OUN and UPA sympathizers in the national-liberation struggle of the mid-twentieth century. In addition, they reflect the issue of returning deportees home, all the difficulties that arose in connection with the branding of «UPA accomplice». Such stories and legends have not been the subject of extensive research in folklore yet. Therefore, their folklore elaboration is relevant today. In the proposed exploration, the autho r aims to find out the peculiarity of the relevant prose samples recorded in the Stryi district, primarily — their poetic system. The object of research is the texts of stories and legends, the subject — their structure and poetics. The main attention is paid to the motives and folklore constants, which are typical for the texts of oral folk art, they are the focus. The basis of the work is the author’s field materials.

Keywords: folk prose, poetics, motive, deportations.

Received 9.05.2022

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