« 2022. # 3 (165)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2022. № 3 (165), 608—614

UDK [[39:688.724]:745.51](477.83-21Яворів):[[069.02:[39+745]](477.83-25)(091)

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2022.03.608


HERUS Lyudmyla

  • ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5931-3816
  • Doctor of Sciences in History, Сandidate of Аrts (Ph. D), Head of Department,
  • The Institute of Ethnology of the National Academy
  • of Sciences of Ukraine,
  • Department of Folk Art,
  • 15, Svobody Avenue, 79000, Lviv, Ukraine,
  • Contacts: e-mail: ludmilagerus@gmail.com

Abstract. Introduction. The collection of toys has come a long way from private collections and thematic exhibitions to creating special «toy museums» in different countries. At the same time, there was an awareness of the toy as a way to solve special tasks  — cultural and informational, educational, and so on.

The article purpose is to study the formation process of the Yavoriv toy collection from the Museum of Ethnography and Applied Art of the Ethnology Institute of NAS of Ukraine (Lviv), presenting ways for items, to show their importance in today’s socio-cultural practices.

The study object is the historical and cultural aspects of creating the Yavoriv toy collection from the MEAA EI NAS of Ukraine and the subject — artworks, the practice of their visualization.

The source base consisted of the Yavoriv toy collection of theMEAA EI NAS of Ukraine and inventory books of the Shevchenko Scientific Society Museum.

The study is relevant due to the problem of exhibiting the toy in the museum environment, which arose at an early stage of its collecting. Now the issue is especially acute because of the insufficient adequacy and appropriateness of the museum space to implement the interaction of the toy exhibit and the mass visitors.

The using of the historical method made it possible to trace the formation of the Yavoriv toy collection, identify the influence of socioeconomic factors on it, and determine the contribution of its formation to some individuals. The attribute of items from theMEAA EI NAS of Ukraine with the method of art analysis has been committed, as well as principles and ways of their presentation and the significance for Ukrainian culture have been clarified.

Conclusion. Аt the beginning of the XXI century the collection from the Museum of Ethnography and Applied Art of the Ethnology Institute of NAS of Ukraine quite fully and comprehensively represents Yavoriv toys. The collection items convincingly prove the continuity of the canon formed by many generations of craftsmen and the organic assimilation of tastes and trends in modern times, demonstrating the development of Yavoriv toys for more than a hundred years. The collection reveals the festive, domestic, and religious contexts of human life, in which the toy played an important role. In line with the informational and educational paradigm of the museum’s subject environment, the toy is a historical and cultural artifact that has the potential to deepen museum communication trends and become an object for various museum-pedagogical actions and symposiums related to game culture problems.

Keywords: museum, collection, Yavoriv toy (zabavka), presentation, exhibition.

Received 23.06.2022


  • Herus, L.M. (2004). Ukrainian folk toy. Lviv: IN NANU; Playbill [in Ukrainian].
  • Herus, L.M. (1995). Yavoriv folk toy: History of development and modern problems of fishing. Notes of the Shevchenko Scientific Society (Vol. CCXXX (230), рр. 176—189). Lviv [in Ukrainian].
  • Barvinsky, O. (1892). On the founding and current development of the society. Shevchenko in Lviv. NTS Notes (Vol. 1, рр. 209—212) [in Ukrainian].
  • (1900). Meetings of sections and commissions of the Society. Chronicle of the Ukrainian-Russian Scientific Society named after Shevchenko in Lviv (Part 4, р. 4) Lviv [in Ukrainian].
  • (1902). In the case of the Museum of Antiquities at the Scientific Society. Shevchenko. Literary-scientific bulletin (Vol. 17, вook 1, рр. 78—79). Lviv [in Ukrainian].
  • Hnatyuk, V. (1909). Word on time. Work, 199, 1 [in Ukra­inian].
  • (1913). Report from the museum for the months of January — April 1913. For the management of the museum: Ol. Nazariy. Chronicle of the Shevchenko Scientific Society in Lviv (Part 54, pp. 24—31). Lviv [in Ukrainian].
  • (1913). Temporary catalog of the Ukrainian National Museum at the Scientific Society. Shevchenko in Lviv. Departments of archeology and ethnography. Lviv [in Ukrainian].
  • Chugai, R.V. (1979). Folk decorative and applied art of Yavoriv region. Kyiv: Naukova dumka [in Ukrainian].
  • Нerus, L.M. (2018). Yavoriv wooden toy in the works of Oksana Kohut and Ostap Soyka. Our heritage, 2 (14), 50—51 [in Ukrainian].


Our authors
Maternity ritualism by volhynians in publications of the second half XIX to the early XXI cc.
In the article have been considered some basic landmarks for fixing and publication of ethnographic materials on the maternity rites of Volhynia with analytical study in ritual elements, their kinds and territories of origin. The article has also raised a problem of gaps in studies of maternity rites of Ukrainian historio-ethnographic Volhynia.
Read »

Wax candle as ukrainian Christmas and epiphany ritualistic text
For the first time in native ethnology the article has brought some results of special study in sign functionality of a wax candle under the context of Ukrainian Christmas and Epiphany ritualistic text (ritualism of Christmas Eve, New Year, Epiphany Eve and Feast of Epiphany). The study has stated extremely high semiotic position of a wax candle as projection of Sun, mediator between the spheres of sacral and prophane elements, symbolic analogue of human existence, apotropy, cultural symbol re-establishing borders of acculturated space.
Read »

Traditional folk clothes of velikobychkovsky hutsuly of XIX — the first half of XX century
In the study based upon numerous field materials, literature sources as well as ethnographic, historio-cultural and regional museum collections has been performed complex analysis in traditional folk clothes by Hutzul population of Velyky Bychkiv village in Transcarpathian region. Detailed descriptions of femi­nine and masculine clothing complexes of the mentioned area have been presented. In characterizing of those main attention has been paid to the detail of cut in separate components of dress; cut of feminine shirt has been added as an illustration.
Read »

On field exploration of russian and belarusian ethnologists and etnolinguists in Ukrainian Polisia 1945—1980s
In the study based on a wide range of literary materials have been comprehensively characterised field research in Polisia of Ukraine, performed by Russian and Belarusian ethnologists during 1945—1980s as well as Moscow ethnolinguists and other researchers from ethnologic centres of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus in the course of realization of Ethnolinguistic Atlas of Polisia program. Particular attention has been paid to geography, methods, themes and research results of scientific projects.
Read »