« 2022. # 3 (165)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2022. № 3 (165), 536—548

UDK 75.041.7-048.76:[75.046.3: 271.4-732.3(438)]”17″

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2022.03.536

STYLISTIC CHANGES IN THE ARTISTIC EXPRESSION OF ICONOSTASES AND ALTARS OF GALICIA CHURCHES AFTER ZAMOISKІY COUNCIL

PELEKH Mariana

  • ORCID ID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6704-0133
  • Candidate of Art History, Associate Professor,
  • Ukrainian Academy of Printing,
  • Department of Book Graphics and Design of Printed Products,
  • 17, Pidvalna street, 79000, Lviv, Ukraine,
  • Contacts: e-mail: marjanna.peleh@gmail.com

Abstract. Іntroduction. The article is devoted to one of the current problems of identifying stylistic and iconographic features in the structure of iconostases and altars of churches in Galicia after the Zamoysk’Council, in the days of the greatest rise of Union Church, associated with the so-called «golden age». Until now, the preserved 18th century iconostasis ware not sufficiently studied, and this determines the relevance of the proposed article.

Problem statement. To consider the visual sources and historical preconditions that led to the appearance in the decoration of the iconostasis the new iconographic subjects, organically connected in the historical development of Europeanization of religious art culture of the region. The repertoire of the subjects of church art, introduced in the interiors of the temples of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church in the 18th century, is analyzed here. It became widespread by the end of the 18th century, until the period of its liquidation by the Josephine Reform and later by the Moscow Church.

Methods. Comparative-historical method, method of analysis, synthesis and empirical research methods should be noted among the general scientific methods.

Results. Based on the analysis of historical sources and preserved church works, the article identifies the style and iconography of iconostases and altars, common in the arrangement of temples of the eastern tradition of the region.

Conclusions. An analysis of the iconostasis and altars of the churches of Galicia revealed a gradual expansion of the repertoire of iconographic subjects related to Western European art culture. Along with the iconostasis typical of the Eastern rite in the 17th century, new iconostases-altars appeared in Ukraine in the form of baroque or rococo structures and reflected the leading ideas of the Catholic Church.

Keywords: iconostasis, iconography, church art of the 18th century, icons of the Mother of God, Union Church, graphic samples.

Received 3.04.2022

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