« 2022. # 6 (168)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2022. № 6 (168), 1439—1447

UDK: 232.931:398.332.39:264-94(477)(045)”18/20″

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2022.06.1439

THE NATIVITY OF THE MOTHER OF GOD: FOLK-RELIGIOUS BELIEFS AND IDEAS AGAINST THE BACKGROUND OF THE PRE-CHRISTMAS-NEW YEAR PERIOD IN THE CALENDAR RITUALS OF UKRAINIANS

DYAKIV Volodymyr

  • ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9513-4364
  • PhD of Philological Sciences, Senior Researcher Fellow
  • of the Ethnology Institute of the
  • National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine,
  • 15, Svobody Avenue, 79008, Lviv, Ukraine,
  • Lviv Polytechnic National University,
  • department of the Ukrainian language
  • Institute of Humanities and Social Sciences,
  • 12, Bandera street, 79013, Lviv, Ukraine
  • Contacts: e-mail: d.v.m.1029@gmail.com

Abstract. Introduction. The article’s relevance is determined by the need to investigate the folk-religious beliefs and ideas of Ukrainians related to the feast of the Nativity of the Mother of God in the context of the prerequisites of the pre-Christmas-New Year period in calendar rituals.

Problem Statement. The object of the study is the folk calendar rites of Ukrainians associated with the feast of the Nativity of the Mother of God, in particular, the traditional calendar rites of Ukrainians in the context of the prerequisites of the pre-Christmas and New Year period. The subject of the study is specific manifestations of folk Christian religiosity in this ritual.

The article focuses on covering the ethnographic regions of Ukraine in the period of the first half of the 19th to the beginning of the 21st century.

Purpose. The outlined work aims to single out folk-religious ideas and beliefs, characteristics of the traditional early winter period, to determine the traditional basis and innovative changes, features of the development of ideological content, and structural components, elements, and details.

Methods. The article mainly uses comparative-typological and historical-cultural methods, as well as elements of structural-typological, geographical, and other methods of ethnological science.

Results. Based on archival and field sources, as well as scientific literature, the development of a particular folk religiosity in the traditional calendar rites of Ukrainians in the context of the prerequisites of the pre-Christmas and New Year period is analyzed on the example of the feast of the Nativity of the Mother of God.

Conclusion. The beginning of the prerequisites of the pre-Christmas and New Year period in the traditional calendar rituals of Ukrainians is observed already in the autumn period, in particular, on the feast of the Nativity of the Mother of God. Against the background of the prerequisites of the pre-Christmas and New Year period, specific development of a peculiar folk religiosity is observed in the traditional calendar rituals of Ukrainians. This is confirmed by folk-religious ideas and beliefs, characteristics of the traditional early winter period, strict compliance of due respect to the saint, and appropriate celebration of the Nativity of the Mother of God, etc. In these fundamentally traditional ideas and beliefs of Ukrainians, a particular development of specific folk-religious components can be clearly traced.

Keywords: the Nativity of the Mother of God, folk religiosity, calendar rituality, tradition, beliefs, functioning.

Received 18.10.2022

REFERENCES

  • Dyakiv, V. (2019). Feast of saint Simeon: folk religiosity in traditional calendar ritualism of Ukrainians against the background of pre-New Year and pre-Christmas period. The Ethnology Notebooks, 2 (146), 293—302. DOI: 10.15407/nz2019.02.293 [in Ukrainian].
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