« 2023. # 1 (169)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2023. № 1 (169), 250—256

UDK 821.161.2-14.09:[784.71:355.425(477.8)”19″УПА]

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2023.01.250



  • ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8352-2124
  • Doctor of Philological Sciences, Professor,
  • Ivan Franko National University of Lviv,
  • 1,Universytetska Street, 79000, Lviv, Ukraine,
  • Contacts: e-mail: gan.sokil@gmail.com

Abstract. The article investigates the heroic content of the songs of the OUN-UPA period, glorification and exaltation of the participants of the liberation struggle. The dominant positions of military heroism as the embodiment of ethno-cultural values of Ukrainians are considered. Currently, during the period of active struggle against the Moscow invaders, studies of the heroic deeds of Ukrainian soldiers are particularly relevant. This theme, depicted in folklore works, has become a powerful resource in the establishment of patriotism, a symbol of defiance, moral and ideological principles of a man.

The object of research is insurgent songs, and the subject is the heroic area, its interpretation as the utmost manifestation of selflessness and courage in battle, as well as the depiction and poetization of the spiritual greatness of the defenders of Ukraine.

The purpose of the proposed article is to analyze the problems of manifestation of the heroic actions in the rebel song by means of the poetic word, to consider the connection with the categories of aesthetic and tragic, as well as to reveal the image of the rebel hero through the prism of heroics. The regularity of the tragic in the conceptual-event and emotional spheres is emphasized. In the context of modern challenges, the consonance of rebel theses with the slogan «Heroes do not die» is projected. An attempt was made to compare the heroic motifs of rebel songs with the main ideas embodied in certain documents that were at the disposal of the soldiers, namely the Decalogue («Ten Commandments of Ukrainian Nationalists»); the continuity of folk song and its projection on modern events, the popularity of heroic themes and the prospects of its study for further research were emphasized.

Published folklore texts and field materials were used as the material for the article. The research methodology is based on the complex involvement of various methods, principles and concepts of socio-humanities, in particular the analytical theoretical and interdisciplinary.

Keywords: heroic, tragic, self-sacrifice, the image of the rebel, courage, valor, the domain of freedom, the spirit of rebellion.

Received 11.01.2023


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