« 2023. # 3 (171)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2023. № 3 (171), 607—613

UDK 929(477)”1917/2004″Ю.Гошко:[069:39(=161.2)]

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2023.03.607



  • ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0009-0004-7337-0675
  • Laboratory Assistant,
  • Ethnology Institute of the National Academy
  • of Sciences of Ukraine,
  • Folk Art Department,
  • 15, Svoboda Avenue, 79000, Lviv, Ukraine,
  • Contacts: e-mail: drotsyk.a@gmail.com

Abstract. Yurii Hoshko was one of those personalities who made a significant contribution to the study of the traditional culture of Ukrainians. As director of the Museum of Ethnography and Applied Arts, he took care not only of the collection and popularization of material and spiritual culture works, but also actively promoted the scientific activities of the institution’s employees.

The article’s purpose consists of an analysis of the life path and scientific heritage by the doctor of historical sciences, Professor Yurii Hoshko, and his contribution to the preservation of ethnography as a science that established the national identity of Ukrainians during the Soviet occupation. The main attention is paid to the scientist’s activity as the director of the Museum of Ethnography and Applied Arts, and his role in the growth of the institution’s status to the academic level. The main directions of the institution’s activities are outlined: the study of the material and spiritual culture of the Ukrainians, folk art and artistic crafts.

The object of the research is Yurii Hoshko’s scientific activity in the field of ethnography. The article’s subject is Yurii Hoshko’s contribution to Ukrainian ethnographic science.

The chronological frames of the article cover the years of the scientist’s life (1917—2004).

The research methodology is based on the application of historical and bibliographic methods.

Results. The study of the scientific figure of Yurii Hoshko was carried out through the prism of his scientific heritage, namely research in the field of ethnic history, culture and everyday life, folk crafts, architecture, and customary law of Ukrainians. Attention was drawn to the dominant principle of the Museum of Ethnography and Artistic Craft, which was to record the phenomena of traditional culture as accurately as possible, as well as on some aspects of Yurii Hoshko’s activity, his refutation of the theory about the «Wallachian colonization» of the Ukrainian Carpathians, substantiated in the study «Population of the Ukrainian Carpathians of the XV—XVIII centuries: Settlement. Migrations. Everyday life» for example.

Keywords: Yurii Hoshko, Museum of Ethnography and Applied Arts, Ethnology Institute of the NAS of Ukraine, ethnography.

Received 29.05.2023


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