« 2023. # 4 (172)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2023. № 4 (172), 995—1002

UDK 398.3(=161.2:477.86):[630*28:635.8]

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2023.04.995

THE TRADITIONS OF MUSHROOM PICKING IN POKUTTYA (based on field research materials of Horodenka district)


  • ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0009-0009-4267-5157
  • Candidate of Historical Sciences (Ph.D. in History),
  • Junior Researcher at the Ethnology Institute
  • of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine,
  • 15, Svobody Avenue, 79000, Lviv, Ukraine,
  • Contacts: e-mail: mariana_tsyrkan@gmail.com

Abstract. The purpose of the article is to highlight the traditions of mushroom picking in Pokuttya. In the article, the main goal and factors of mushroom picking and their place in traditional food of the Pokuttya residents are clarified. Meals with mushrooms take a prominent place in traditional food. The local names and hierarchy of mushrooms picked by the residents are distinguished. It is considered the division of mushrooms into separate groups: spring (pidsadky), summer (champignons and glyvy), autumn (pidpenky, borovyky) and healing (veselka and porkhavka). The behaviour of mushroom pickers in the forest and restrictions associated with mushroom picking in Pokuttya are investigated in the article. The process of picking mushrooms covers a variety of traditions, beliefs, and signs. This process is changed, improved, and filled with modern elements. In Pokuttya, you can’t pick mushrooms with roots and destroy the mycelium.

The main ways of processing and storing mushrooms for the winter period are described. The traditional method of storing mushrooms was drying and salting. The traditional and innovative ways as well as the chronological limits of the appearance of new ways of storing mushrooms in Pokuttya are determined.

The object of the research is the mushrooms as the product of harvesting as well as the natural, climatic and geographical phenomena that affected the functioning of this additional occupation in Pokuttya. The subject of scientific article is to investigate the elements of the archaic worldview elements and folk knowledge about mushroom picking in Pokuttya and their observance nowadays.

The author’s field ethnographic research materials in the villages of Horodenka district, Ivano-Frankivsk region in 2016 as well as the scientific research of the nineteenth — twenty first centuries are the source base of this article. The chronological framework of the article covers the late nineteenth — early twenty firstcenturies.

The research methodology is based on theoretical and historical analysis, the principle of scientific objectivity, systematization and the author’s observations.

Keywords: Pokuttya, ethnography, additional occupation, mushroom picking, mushrooms, «vorochok», «mishchur».

Received 29.06.2023


  • Dmytrenko, A., & Hrymych, Maryna (Ed.). (2012). Women’s labor specializations: pocking (collecting). Folk culture of Ukraine: the life cycle of the person. Historical and ethnological research: in the 5th vol. Maturity. Womenfolk. Women’s subculture (Vol. 3, pp. 20—51). Kyiv: Duliby [in Ukrainian].
  • Kyrchiv, R. (2017). Pokyttia as a historic — ethnographic district of Ukraine. Ethnology notebooks, 1 (133), 3—20 [in Ukrainian].
  • Kolberg, O. (1882). Рокусе. Ethnographic image (Vol. 1). Krakow: Jagiellonian University Printing House.
  • Mrochko, Fr.K. (1897). Sniatynshchyna. Reasons for regional ethnography (Vol. 1). Lviv: Printing house of the Wladyslaw Lozynsky [is Polish].
  • Bazhansky, M. (1982). The beauty of the Sniatyn Region: rivers, steams, forests, meadows, gardens, cities, villages and the material and spiritual culture of their inhabitants: Encyclopedia. Detroit [in Ukrainian].
  • Sapeliak, O. (2017). Pokutian’ nutrition. Ethnology notebooks, 1 (133), 136—153 [in Ukrainian].
  • Taras, Ya. (2023) Food in a family household and calendar rituals on Pokuttia. Ethnology notebooks, 1, 44—57 [in Ukrainian].


Our authors
Traditional folk clothes of velikobychkovsky hutsuly of XIX — the first half of XX century
In the study based upon numerous field materials, literature sources as well as ethnographic, historio-cultural and regional museum collections has been performed complex analysis in traditional folk clothes by Hutzul population of Velyky Bychkiv village in Transcarpathian region. Detailed descriptions of femi­nine and masculine clothing complexes of the mentioned area have been presented. In characterizing of those main attention has been paid to the detail of cut in separate components of dress; cut of feminine shirt has been added as an illustration.
Read »

On bessarabian and moldavian ukrainians in the studies of historical ethnography
The article has thrown some light upon a sum of scientific findings got during XIX to XXI cc. in historio-ethnographic studies of Bessarabia and Moldavian Ukrainians. In the pre­sent paper has been given author’s answer to the problem of lacking progress as for the numerous themes concerning Ukrainians. State and achievements of the research-works in Ukrainians’ material and spiritual culture by the scientists of Moldavia and Ukraine through the years of independence has been exposed.
Read »

Daily bread baking of ukrainians in the south-western ethnographical region at the late XIX to early XXI cc.
The paper has dealt with analytic study in prescriptions, signs, customs, methods, ways of selection, procurement and some peculiarities in usage of subsidiary means — water, firewood and leaves in bread baking. The final aim of the mentioned actions had been (and still is) selection of the means and ingredients fit, by their characteristics, for the backing of bread. The paper has demonstrated dependence of bread backing subsi­diary means criteria from the folk nutritional standards and world outlook stereotypes as well as from regional social and economic, natural and geographical factors and peculiarities of material culture.
Read »

On field exploration of russian and belarusian ethnologists and etnolinguists in Ukrainian Polisia 1945—1980s
In the study based on a wide range of literary materials have been comprehensively characterised field research in Polisia of Ukraine, performed by Russian and Belarusian ethnologists during 1945—1980s as well as Moscow ethnolinguists and other researchers from ethnologic centres of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus in the course of realization of Ethnolinguistic Atlas of Polisia program. Particular attention has been paid to geography, methods, themes and research results of scientific projects.
Read »