« 2023. # 6 (174)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2023. № 6 (174), 1450—1458

UDK 39(4=292.451/.454):303.683

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2023.06.1450



  • ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9019-0466
  • Doctor of Philology, Professor,
  • The Departament of Ukrainian Literature
  • Lesya Ukrainka Volyn National University,
  • 13 Volya Avenue, Lutsk, 43025, Ukraine,
  • Contacts: e-mail: totem2004@bigmir.net

Abstract. The folklore of the Ukrainian Carpathians is so peculiar that researchers often had doubts about its Ukrainian origin. The search for matches among the nearest neighbors also did not yield results. Therefore, the roots of these differences should be sought in the genesis of these phenomena.

The author sees the reason for the absence of many typical for Ukrainian folklore phenomena in the Carpathian folklore tradition in the geographical location and peculiarities of the settlement of the region since the Neolithic times, when some folklore phenomena were just being formed.

According to DNA data, the population of the Carpathians has a significant genetic connection with people from the Balkans and the Libyan desert in the territory of modern Egypt, which was fertile once. That is why the ritual and folklore tradition of the region has many similarities with the peoples of the Mediterranean basin: Albanians, Greeks, Macedonians, northern Italians. These features were formed before the emergence of these peoples and their languages. Subsequent demographic processes led to the fact that the Indo-Europeanized and Slavicized population of the Ukrainian Carpathians is represented by the same DNA haplogroups as other Ukrainians, only in other proportions, has a different folklore tradition, the originality of which indicates its pre-Ukrainian and even pro-Slavic origin.

The intelligence methodology is based on general scientific methodological principles and the main requirements for works of historical and ethnological direction.

Keywords: Boykos, Lemkos, Hutsuls, ceremonial folklore, «korochun», «ladkanki», «oblivanka», kolomyykovy system, Kupala folklore, ethnohistory, DNA genealogy.

Received 6.11.2023


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