« 2023. # 6 (174)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2023. № 6 (174), 1459—1468

UDK 398.831:355.4.01(470:477)”2014/…”

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2023.06.1459

LULLABY SONGS IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE RUSSIAN-UKRAINIAN WAR (since 2014): FEATURES OF FUNCTIONING

KHARCHYSHYN Olga

  • ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9379-8300
  • Candidate of Philological Sciences
  • Senior Researcher at the Ethnology Institute
  • of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine,
  • 15, Svobody Avenue, 79000, Lviv, Ukraine,
  • Contacts: е-mail: okharchyshyn@gmail.com

Abstract. In the modern musical content, there are many songs with the names «ullabies» and with traditional features of the wheel genre: characteristic beginnings-formulas «Oi lyuli-lyuli», appeals «sleep, baby», «sleep, my son». Researchers paid attention to lullabies primarily as a genre of folklore for children. Until now, the ability of these songs to function as works of ethnoculture to reveal Ukrainian identity and collective defensive suggestion remains unexplored. These abilities of Ukrainian wheelwrights became particularly mature during the war.

Researchers paid attention to lullabies primarily as a genre of folklore for children. The ability of these songs to function as works of ethnoculture for the expression of Ukrainian identity and collective defensive suggestion remains unexplored. These abilities of Ukrainian lullabies became especially visible during the war.

The object of the research is the Ukrainian song repertoire in the conditions of the Russian-Ukrainian war (since 2014), which has features of lullabies.

The subject of the study is the functionality of this layer of creativity in the context of folklore tradition and modern song culture.

The source base is Internet resources, primarily social networks «YouTube», «TikTok», «Facebook», which during the war became the main medium for the spread of innovation and a place for its folklorization.

In the modern musical content, there are many songs with the names «lullaby» and with traditional features of the lullaby genre: characteristic beginnings-formulas «Oi lullaby-lullaby», appeals «sleep, baby», «sleep, my son». The functioning of these songs has much wider boundaries than traditional lullabies. Modern lullabies often contain a heroic and patriotic meaning — and in this their origins go back to the folklore and literary tradition of past centuries. Currently, the ethno-identifying and talismanic functions of lullabies against the background of military markers clearly dominate.

Popularization of lullabies is taking place in the context of the strategy of patriotic education of the future generation of Ukrainians. Interesting configurations of connections between modern «lullabies» and other forms of ethnoculture (prayers-prayers, funeral lullabies, lullabies-spells for the enemy) are outlined — and these changes are in an active phase of development.

Keywords: lullabies, functioning, function, ethnoculture, modern song culture, folklore-literary interaction, Russian-Ukrainian war.

Received 13.11.2023

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