« 2024. # 1 (175)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2024. № 1 (175), 220—

UDK [398.332.416:398.8](=161.2)”2022/2024″:801.81

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2024.01.220

CHRISTMAS CONGRATULATIONS 2022—2024: FEATURES OF POETICS

ZAVADSKA Viktoriia

  • ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6411-4926
  • Ph. D. in Philological Sciences,
  • Associate Professor of the Department of Ukrainian Language, Literature and Culture,
  • Faculty of Linguistics,
  • National Technical University of Ukraine;
  • «Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute»,
  •  37, Beresteyskyi Avenue, 03056, Kyiv, Ukraine,
  • Contacts: e-mail: ptits@ukr.net

Abstract. The article examines the Christmas and New Year greetings (carols, Christmas songs, congratulatory texts) at the time of the full-scale invasion of the Russian Federation into Ukraine, analyzes the peculiarities of the poetics of these texts, the specifics of their functioning, and methods of retransmission. The purpose of the article is to consider all the listed features, compare modern military greetings with traditional texts, analyze the nature of innovations, and draw conclusions about the peculiarities of Christmas carols on the Internet and their folklore nature.

The relevance of the material is determined by the fact that we are investigating the living process of the latest folkloric creation, when not only new texts for folk melodies appear, but traditional carols are actively changing, being filled with new images, localized in time. We discuss the problem of folklore; emphasize the difference between «folklorism» and «folklorization» of the text; we conclude that the text is to be considered folklore when it is perceived by the folk environment as natural and begins to be transmitted, acquiring changes, additions or reductions at the same time — it is folklorized.

Keywords: Russian-Ukrainian war, war carols, war Christmas songs, war congratulation, carol’s poetry, Ukrainian folklore, folklorization, folklorism, traditional carol, Internet folklore.

Received 1.02.2024

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