« 2024. # 1 (175)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2024. № 1 (175), 3—15

UDK [[77.064:069.5]:[726:27-523]](477.8)

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2024.01.003

UKRAINIAN SACRED ARCHITECTURE, FOLK ART AND ETHNOGRAPHY ON THE NEGATIVES OF V. SHCHERBAKIVSKY (BASED ON THE ARCHIVE MATERIALS OF THE INSTITUTE OF NATIONAL STATE OF UKRAINE) (TO THE 150TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE ESTABLISHMENT OF NTSH)

TARAS Yaroslav

  • ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7241-9466
  • Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor,
  • Institute of Ethnology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine,
  • Head of the Modern Ethnology Department,
  • 15, Svobody Avenue, 79000, Lviv, Ukraine,
  • Lviv Polytechnic National University,
  • Department of Architecture and Conservation, Professor,
  • 12, Bandery street, 79013, Lviv, Ukraine,
  • Contacts: e-mail: etnomod@ukr.net

Abstract. Formulation of the problem. Photographs and negatives of V. Shcherbakivsky are an important source for studying the genesis of Ukrainian sacred building, architecture, folk art, and ethnography. They are the basis for the restoration of the artistic tradition, remain relevant, and go far beyond the boundaries of historiographical discourse.

The article highlights the cooperation of V. Shcherbakivsky with the National Academy of Sciences, his scientific research in Galicia at the beginning of the 20th century and in the Poltava region, it is shown how the collected visual sources allowed V. Shcherbakivsky to assert the existence of an independent «Ukrainian church style» that Ukrainian artistic tradition is a confirmation of national identity, it is highlighted how his photo-fixation of Ukrainian church architecture became an important factor in breaking the Great Russian thing in the appropriation of other people’s achievements.

The purpose of the article is to publicize and analyze information about Vadym Shcherbakivsky’s negatives, which are stored in the funds of the Institute of Ethnology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, to show his familiarity with photographic practice, to highlight their value for architecture, folk art, ethnology, and church history. It is shown how visual sources serve as artifacts for the study of architecture, folk art, ethnology and Church history, the tasks set for the processing and digitization of photographs and negatives of V. Shcherbakivsky and the publication of an album for the 150th anniversary of his birth.

The object of the study is the legacy of V. Shcherbakivsky’s negatives, collected by the Museum of the National Academy of Sciences.

The subject of the research is the practice of using visual materials by Vadym Shcherbakivsky to study the genesis of Ukrainian sacred building, folk art, ethnography and to restore the artistic tradition.

Keywords: ethnology, architecture,Vadym Shcherbakivsky, Shevchenko Scientific Society, Museum of the National Academy of Sciences, Institute of Ethnology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Boykivshchyna, Hutsulshchyna, Zakarpattia, Pokuttia, the genesis of Ukrainian sacred archi­tecture.

Received 1.07.2023

REFERENCES

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