« 2024. # 1 (175)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2024. № 1 (175), 3—15

UDK [[77.064:069.5]:[726:27-523]](477.8)

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2024.01.003


TARAS Yaroslav

  • ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7241-9466
  • Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor,
  • Institute of Ethnology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine,
  • Head of the Modern Ethnology Department,
  • 15, Svobody Avenue, 79000, Lviv, Ukraine,
  • Lviv Polytechnic National University,
  • Department of Architecture and Conservation, Professor,
  • 12, Bandery street, 79013, Lviv, Ukraine,
  • Contacts: e-mail: etnomod@ukr.net

Abstract. Formulation of the problem. Photographs and negatives of V. Shcherbakivsky are an important source for studying the genesis of Ukrainian sacred building, architecture, folk art, and ethnography. They are the basis for the restoration of the artistic tradition, remain relevant, and go far beyond the boundaries of historiographical discourse.

The article highlights the cooperation of V. Shcherbakivsky with the National Academy of Sciences, his scientific research in Galicia at the beginning of the 20th century and in the Poltava region, it is shown how the collected visual sources allowed V. Shcherbakivsky to assert the existence of an independent «Ukrainian church style» that Ukrainian artistic tradition is a confirmation of national identity, it is highlighted how his photo-fixation of Ukrainian church architecture became an important factor in breaking the Great Russian thing in the appropriation of other people’s achievements.

The purpose of the article is to publicize and analyze information about Vadym Shcherbakivsky’s negatives, which are stored in the funds of the Institute of Ethnology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, to show his familiarity with photographic practice, to highlight their value for architecture, folk art, ethnology, and church history. It is shown how visual sources serve as artifacts for the study of architecture, folk art, ethnology and Church history, the tasks set for the processing and digitization of photographs and negatives of V. Shcherbakivsky and the publication of an album for the 150th anniversary of his birth.

The object of the study is the legacy of V. Shcherbakivsky’s negatives, collected by the Museum of the National Academy of Sciences.

The subject of the research is the practice of using visual materials by Vadym Shcherbakivsky to study the genesis of Ukrainian sacred building, folk art, ethnography and to restore the artistic tradition.

Keywords: ethnology, architecture,Vadym Shcherbakivsky, Shevchenko Scientific Society, Museum of the National Academy of Sciences, Institute of Ethnology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Boykivshchyna, Hutsulshchyna, Zakarpattia, Pokuttia, the genesis of Ukrainian sacred archi­tecture.

Received 1.07.2023


  • Franko, А. & Franko, O. (2012). Analysis of documents and material of V. Scherbakivsky personal fund. Proceeding of the Institute of Archaeology (Issue 7, pp. 62—74) [in Ukrainian].
  • Pavlychko, Ya. (1995). Contribution of Vadym Shcherbakivsky to the development of the collection of the National Museum in Lviv. Poltava archaeological collection, 4, 105—115) [in Ukrainian].
  • Shcherbakivsky, V. & Shcherbakivsky, D. (2015). Ukra­inian art: in two volumes with addition: reprint. Kharkiv: O.O. Savchuk Publisher.
  • Shcherbakivsky, V. (1909). Architecture of the different nations. Lviv: Narodne Slovo [in Ukrainian].
  • Uvarova. (Ed.). (1908). The brief report on the excursion made in the summer of 1904 on behalf of the Moscow Archaeological Society by student Vadym Shcherbakivsky to photograph churches. Proceeding of the thirteenth Archaeological Congress in Yekaterinoslav 1905 (Vol. 2, sec. III, pp. 87—88). Moscow [in Russian].
  • Shcherbakivsky, V. (1904). On the question of the types of ancient Ukrainian churches. Archaeological Chronicle of South Russia, 6, 232—236) [in Russian].
  • Hnatyuk, V. (1904). Word on time. Dilo, 199, 1) [in Uk­rainian].
  • Nestulya, S. (1995). M.F. Bilyashivsky and V.M. Shcherbakivsky. Poltava archaeological collection, 4, 149—153) [in Ukra­inian].
  • Taras, Ya. (2007). Sacral wooden architecture of Ukrainians of Carpathians: the cultural-traditional aspect. Lviv [in Ukrainian].
  • Taras, Ya. (2016). Mykhailo Zubrytsky in the history of the temple of the village of Mshanets. Mykhailo Zubrytskyi. Collected works and materials: in three volumes (Vol. 2, pp. 489—500). Lviv: Litopys [in Ukrainian].
  • Shcherbakivsky, V. (1906). Wooden churches in Ukraine and their types. Notes of the Shevchenko Scientific Society (Vol. LXXIV, book 6, pp. 10—32) [in Ukrainian].
  • Shcherbakivsky, V. (1910). Architecture of the different nations and in Ukraine. Lviv; Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
  • Nazariiv, O., & Shcherbakivsky, V. (1913). Review of publ. Ukrainian art. I. Wooden construction and wood carving. Notes of NTSh (Vol. CXVI, book IV, pp. 215—220). Lviv; Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
  • Shcherbakivsky, V. (1913). Churches in the Boykivshchyna. Notes of NTSh (Vol. CXIV, book 2, pp. 5—24) [in Ukrainian].
  • Grabar, I. (1912). History of Russian art: in 6 vols. (Vol. II). Moscow: І. Knebel publishing house [in Russian].
  • Shcherbakivsky, V. (1913). Ukrainian art. Part 1: Wooden construction and wood carving = L’architecture et la sculpture en bois. Lviv; Kyiv [in Ukrainian, in French].
  • Нrebenyak, V. (1913). Review of publ. V. Shcherbakivsky. Ukrainian art. I. Wooden construction and wood carving. Literary-scientific bulletin (Vol. 64, book 10, pp. 188—190). Lviv; Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
  • Antonovych, D. (1914). Rev. In front of Europe. Siajvo, 1.
  • Pavlovsky, M. (1913). [Review]. Rada, 224 [in Ukrainian].
  • Ulyanovsky, V. (1995). Vadym Shcherbakivsky: life, scientific activity, fate of creative heritage. In the book: Shcherbakivsky, V. Ukrainian Art: Selected Unpublished Works (Pp. 5—101). Kyiv: Lybid [in Ukrainian].
  • [Review], 1913. Old years, 11/12, 42—43 [in Ukrainian].
  • Shyrotsky, K. (1913, 18 oct.). [Review]. Rada (P. 4) [in Ukrainian].


Our authors
Daily bread baking of ukrainians in the south-western ethnographical region at the late XIX to early XXI cc.
The paper has dealt with analytic study in prescriptions, signs, customs, methods, ways of selection, procurement and some peculiarities in usage of subsidiary means — water, firewood and leaves in bread baking. The final aim of the mentioned actions had been (and still is) selection of the means and ingredients fit, by their characteristics, for the backing of bread. The paper has demonstrated dependence of bread backing subsi­diary means criteria from the folk nutritional standards and world outlook stereotypes as well as from regional social and economic, natural and geographical factors and peculiarities of material culture.
Read »

Wax candle as ukrainian Christmas and epiphany ritualistic text
For the first time in native ethnology the article has brought some results of special study in sign functionality of a wax candle under the context of Ukrainian Christmas and Epiphany ritualistic text (ritualism of Christmas Eve, New Year, Epiphany Eve and Feast of Epiphany). The study has stated extremely high semiotic position of a wax candle as projection of Sun, mediator between the spheres of sacral and prophane elements, symbolic analogue of human existence, apotropy, cultural symbol re-establishing borders of acculturated space.
Read »

On field exploration of russian and belarusian ethnologists and etnolinguists in Ukrainian Polisia 1945—1980s
In the study based on a wide range of literary materials have been comprehensively characterised field research in Polisia of Ukraine, performed by Russian and Belarusian ethnologists during 1945—1980s as well as Moscow ethnolinguists and other researchers from ethnologic centres of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus in the course of realization of Ethnolinguistic Atlas of Polisia program. Particular attention has been paid to geography, methods, themes and research results of scientific projects.
Read »

Maternity ritualism by volhynians in publications of the second half XIX to the early XXI cc.
In the article have been considered some basic landmarks for fixing and publication of ethnographic materials on the maternity rites of Volhynia with analytical study in ritual elements, their kinds and territories of origin. The article has also raised a problem of gaps in studies of maternity rites of Ukrainian historio-ethnographic Volhynia.
Read »