« 2024. # 1 (175)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2024. № 1 (175), 56—69

UDK 77.064:[069.5:061.2(477.83-25)НТШ] 



TARAS Yaroslav

  • ORCID ID :
  • Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor,
  • Institute of Ethnology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine,
  • Head of the modern ethnology department,
  • 15, Svobody Avenue, 79000, Lviv, Ukraine,
  • Lviv Polytechnic National University,
  • Department of Architecture and Conservation, Professor,
  • 12, Bandery street, 79013, Lviv, Ukraine,
  • Contacts: e-mail:

Abstract. In this article the collection of photo negatives is considered, which is kept in the archive of the Ethnology Institute. This collection is a unique multifaceted source for the study of microhistory due to its informativeness.

The purpose of the article is: publication of information about photo negatives collected by the Museum of NTSH, showing how scientists at the beginning of the 20th century mastered the profession of photographer, and photography became a new tool for recording the phenomenon they were studying. Negatives have significant national and cultural interest and considerable value for the future.

The object is: negatives collected by the Museum of NTSH, which are stored in the archives of the Ethnology Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.

The subject is: the photographic practices of scientists of NTSH in preserving the visual memory about the ethnic identity of individual ethnographic and ethnic groups and the natural features of Galicia.

It was found out that the most part of negatives in the funds of the Ethnology Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine were preserved from F. Vovk, V. Shcherbakivsky, Ya. Pasternak, O. Prusevych, Ya. Falkovsky, V. Grebenyak, G. Smolsky, Ya. Bereza, M. Yermolaiv.

It was defined that there were two time periods of photofixation of material culture by the Museum of NTSH. The first period lasted until the First World War. At that time, prominent scientists of that time F. Vovk, V. Shcherbakivsky, O. Vahnyanyn, V. Grebenyak, Ya. Pasternak recorded material culture on photographic plates. The second period lasted from the end of the 1920s to 1940, it was connected with the tenure of the director of the Museum of NTSH, Ya. Pasternak (1929—1939), with young members of the Ethnographic Commission and employees of the Museum of NTSH.

Keywords: ethnology, architecture, Museum of NTSH, photography, photographic negatives, scientists of NTSH, F. Vovk, V. Shcherbakivsky, Ya. Pasternak.

Received 24.06.2023


  • V. Stefanyk National Scientific Library of Ukraine in Lviv. Department of manuscripts. Fund 4 (NTSH Library). Description 603/4. Case 1. Sheet 113—114 [in Ukrainian].
  • Banakh, V. (2017). NTSH Museum in Lviv (1912—1939): Scientific-Fund Work. Historical and Cultural Studies, 1 (Issue 4, pp. 21—26) [in Ukrainian].
  • Rakovsky, I. (1925). Reflections by F. Vovk on the racial characteristics of the Ukrainian people. Collection of the Mathematical-Naturalistic-Medical Section of NTSH (Vol. XXIII—XXIV, pp. 183—200). Lviv: Shevchenko scientific society [in Ukrainian].
  • Central State Historical Archive of Ukraine in Lviv. Fund 309. Description 1. Case 42. sheet 33 [in Ukrainian].
  • Taran, O. (2003). Scientific and practical activity of F. Vovk in the field of Ukrainian anthropology. The Ukrainian Museum. Сollection of scientific articles. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
  • Central State Historical Archive of Ukraine in Lviv. Fund 309 (Shevchenko Scientific Society). Description 1. Case 4. Sheet 10 [in Ukrainian].
  • (1903). Report on the anthropometric excursions of Dr. Fedir Vovk. Chronicle of the Shevchenko scientific society in Lviv, 16 (Issue 6, pp. 13—14) [in Ukrainian].
  • Havryliuk, Yu. Fedir Vovk — researcher of the «Ukrainian-Ruthenian Carpathians». Nashe-slowo, 19. 2019-05-12. Retrieved from: (Last accessed: 14.06.2023) [in Ukrainian].
  • (1922). Scientific activity of the society. Chronicle of the Shevchenko scientific society in Lviv, 65—66 (Issue I—II) [in Ukrainian].
  • Vovk, F. (1908). Anthropometric research on the Ukrainian population of Galicia, Bukovina and Hungary. Materials for Ukrainian-Ruthenian Ethnology: in 22 vol. (Vol. 10, pp. 1—39). Lviv: NTSh [in Ukrainian].
  • Mykhailo Markovych. Facebook post. Retrieved from: (Last accessed: 14.06.2023) [in Ukrainian].
  • Kotsiubynsky, M. The Ambassador from the Black Tsar. Retrieved from: tid=2545 (Last accessed: 14.06.2023) [in Ukrainian].
  • (1904). Report on the anthropological expedition of Dr. Fedir Vovk. Chronicle of the Shevchenko scientific society in Lviv, 20 (Issue 4) [in Ukrainian].


Our authors
On field exploration of russian and belarusian ethnologists and etnolinguists in Ukrainian Polisia 1945—1980s
In the study based on a wide range of literary materials have been comprehensively characterised field research in Polisia of Ukraine, performed by Russian and Belarusian ethnologists during 1945—1980s as well as Moscow ethnolinguists and other researchers from ethnologic centres of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus in the course of realization of Ethnolinguistic Atlas of Polisia program. Particular attention has been paid to geography, methods, themes and research results of scientific projects.
Read »

Daily bread baking of ukrainians in the south-western ethnographical region at the late XIX to early XXI cc.
The paper has dealt with analytic study in prescriptions, signs, customs, methods, ways of selection, procurement and some peculiarities in usage of subsidiary means — water, firewood and leaves in bread baking. The final aim of the mentioned actions had been (and still is) selection of the means and ingredients fit, by their characteristics, for the backing of bread. The paper has demonstrated dependence of bread backing subsi­diary means criteria from the folk nutritional standards and world outlook stereotypes as well as from regional social and economic, natural and geographical factors and peculiarities of material culture.
Read »

Boikos’ pandemonium: categories of evil deceased
In the article have been presented some research-work on peculiarities of Boikos’ traditional demonological notions as for so-called evil deceased; on the basis of field records and ethnological literary sources quite a number of scum categories have been defined as well as essential habits, modes of behavior and functions of these personages of people’s demonology.
Read »

Maternity ritualism by volhynians in publications of the second half XIX to the early XXI cc.
In the article have been considered some basic landmarks for fixing and publication of ethnographic materials on the maternity rites of Volhynia with analytical study in ritual elements, their kinds and territories of origin. The article has also raised a problem of gaps in studies of maternity rites of Ukrainian historio-ethnographic Volhynia.
Read »