« 2017. #6 (138)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2017, 6 (138), 1521—1528

UDK 75.046(477)

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2017.06.1521

Received 24.10.2017

AVANT­-GARD INSPIRATION IN THE INTERPRETATION OF THE CHRISTIAN THEMEs IN THE UKRAINIAN ART OF 1960—1980

Osadcha Oleksndra Anatoliivna, Postgraduate student
at the Kharkiv State Academy of Design and Arts.
Mystetstv Street, 8, Kharkiv, 61002, Ukraine
Contacts: Tel. (057) 7062103; e-mail: academy@ksada.edu.ua

Abstract.The article is dedicated to the development of the religious theme in the Ukrainian art in context of the totalitarian culture. The influence of the avant­-garde legacy on the visual language of the pieces, featuring Christian characters and motifs, is being consi­dered. The range of works by masters from Kyiv and Odesa of the 1960s—1980s are analyzed to demonstrate the widespread of the expressionistic tendencies in the art of this period.

Keywords: Ukrainian art, second avant-­garde, non-conformism, Christian theme, expressionism.

REFERENCES

Bychkov, V. (1998). Ikona i russkij avangard nachala XX veka. In O. Korevishhe Ed.) Kniga neklassicheskoj estetiki (pp. 58—75). Moskva : IF RAN.  [in Russian]
Bychkov, V. (2006). Esteticheskij opyt Rossii na rubezhe tysjacheletij. In Estetika: vchera, segodnja, zavtra. (Vyp. 2, pp. 3—31). Moskva : IF RAN. [in Russian]
Holub, O. (2004). Utaiemnychenist’ svitu Mykoly Trehuba. Obrazotvorche mystetstvo,3, 70—71. [in Ukrainian]
Grojs, B. (1993). Utopija i obmen. Moskva : Znak. [in Russian]
Zaplotyns’ka, O. (2006). Nonkonformists’ka intelihentsiia v ofitsijnomu dyskursi 1960 rr.: mekhanizm formuvannia hromads’koi dumky. In Intelihentsiia i vlada (Vol. 6, pp. 58—66). [in Ukrainian]
Kassirer, E. (1999). Tehnika sovremennyh politicheskih mifov. In Politologija : hrestomatija (pp. 579—588). Moskva : Gardariki. [in Russian].
Kotova, O. (2007). “Projavlenie” v Odesse Vladimira Naumca. In F.D. Kohriht, E.M. Golubovskij & O.I. Gubar’ (Eds.), Deribasovskaja-Rishel’evskaja: Odesskij al’manah (Vol. 28, pp. 230 — 233). Odessa : Pechatnyj dom. [in Russian].
Kotova, O. (2014). Nonkonformists’kyj rukh u svitovomu kul’turnomu konteksti. Bulletin of Kharkiv State Academy of Design and Arts, 1, 101 — 104. [in Ukrainian].
Kokhan,  T. (2002). Ekspresionizm v konteksti vydovoi spetsyfiky mystetstva (Dr. arthist. diss. abstr.). Kyiv. [in Ukrainian]
Levit, S. (Ed.). (1998). Kul’turologija XX vek: Enciklopedija. Sankt-Peterburg : Universitetskaja kniga. [in Russian]
Mohylevs’kyj,  V. (1994). Mova ikonopysu. Dyvoslovo, 9, 54 — 59. [in Ukrainian]
Rize, H. (1996). Nonkonformisty. Vtoroj russkij avangard. Kel’n : Wienand. [in Russian]
Sedel’nik, V. Religija i ekspressionizm. In Enciklopedicheskij slovar’ ekspressionizma (pp. 483—485). Moskva: Institut mirovoj literatury imeni A.M. Gor’kogo. [in Russian]
Sers,  F.  (2000). Totalitarizm i avangard. V preddverii zapredel’nogo. Moskva : Progress­Tradicija. [in Russian]
Smyrna, L. (2010).  Ikonohrafiia nonkonformizmu. In V.D. Sydorenko, I.D. Bezghin & H.I. Veselovs’ka (Eds.), Suchasni problemy khudozhn’oi osvity v Ukraini: Zb. naukovykh prats’ (Vol. 6, pp. 247—268). Kyiv : Muzychna Ukraina. [in Ukrainian]
Epshtejn, M.N. (1989). Iskusstvo avangarda i religioznoe soznanie. Novyj mir, 12,  222—235. [in Russian].
Jarinich, S. (2011).  Drugaja vetv’ kievskogo andegraunda (Interv’ju s O. Bilous). Antikvar, 12, 105—107. [in Russian]
Hatvani,  P. (1988). Versuchüber den Expressionismus. In A.A. Wallas (Ed.), Texte des Expressionismus: Der Beitragjüdischer Autorenzur österreichischen Avantgarde (pp. 9—12). Linz-Wien. [in German].
Heißenbuttel,  H. (1982).Thesen zum Sprachgebrauch des deutschen Expressionismus. In H. Meixner & S. Vietta (Eds.), Expres­sionismus — sozialer Wandel und kunstlerische Erfahrung: Mannheimer Kolloquium (pp.42—43). Munchen : Wilhelm Fink. [in German]
Leonenko,  N. (2012).  Zapozdalyj nekrolog. ArtUkraine. Retrieved from  http://artukraine.com.ua/a/zapozdalyy-nekrolog/#.WeDFC7puKL8 [in Russian]

Read»

Our authors
Wax candle as ukrainian Christmas and epiphany ritualistic text
For the first time in native ethnology the article has brought some results of special study in sign functionality of a wax candle under the context of Ukrainian Christmas and Epiphany ritualistic text (ritualism of Christmas Eve, New Year, Epiphany Eve and Feast of Epiphany). The study has stated extremely high semiotic position of a wax candle as projection of Sun, mediator between the spheres of sacral and prophane elements, symbolic analogue of human existence, apotropy, cultural symbol re-establishing borders of acculturated space.
Read »

On bessarabian and moldavian ukrainians in the studies of historical ethnography
The article has thrown some light upon a sum of scientific findings got during XIX to XXI cc. in historio-ethnographic studies of Bessarabia and Moldavian Ukrainians. In the pre­sent paper has been given author’s answer to the problem of lacking progress as for the numerous themes concerning Ukrainians. State and achievements of the research-works in Ukrainians’ material and spiritual culture by the scientists of Moldavia and Ukraine through the years of independence has been exposed.
Read »

Daily bread baking of ukrainians in the south-western ethnographical region at the late XIX to early XXI cc.
The paper has dealt with analytic study in prescriptions, signs, customs, methods, ways of selection, procurement and some peculiarities in usage of subsidiary means — water, firewood and leaves in bread baking. The final aim of the mentioned actions had been (and still is) selection of the means and ingredients fit, by their characteristics, for the backing of bread. The paper has demonstrated dependence of bread backing subsi­diary means criteria from the folk nutritional standards and world outlook stereotypes as well as from regional social and economic, natural and geographical factors and peculiarities of material culture.
Read »

On field exploration of russian and belarusian ethnologists and etnolinguists in Ukrainian Polisia 1945—1980s
In the study based on a wide range of literary materials have been comprehensively characterised field research in Polisia of Ukraine, performed by Russian and Belarusian ethnologists during 1945—1980s as well as Moscow ethnolinguists and other researchers from ethnologic centres of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus in the course of realization of Ethnolinguistic Atlas of Polisia program. Particular attention has been paid to geography, methods, themes and research results of scientific projects.
Read »