« 2018. #2 (140)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2018, 2 (140), 507—513.

UDK 76.03(477.8325)


Received 25.01.2018


Vavryh Maria, candidate of arts (Ph. D)

associate professor at the Department of Graphic Design and Art of the Book,

Ukrainian Printing Academy.

19 Pid Goloskom str., Lviv, 79020, Ukraine

Abstrakt. A brief analysis of Lviv’s graphs of the second half of the 1960s and early 1970s is presented. An attempt was made to reveal the socio-cultural and spiritual-moral factors of the emergence in the 1960s of the new paradigm of the development of Ukrainian graphic art. The art analysis of the concepts of artists gave rise to the conclusion about the effect of the national self-identification factor in determining the prospects for the development of the graphic of Lviv in the second half of the 1960s — early 1970s. These processes were inseparable from the general attraction of many young artists to the expression of will in personal creative development. Their artistic experience became the bridge that linked the power of the charts of the 20—30’s of twentieth century with the creative inspirations of the younger generation at the turn of the XX — the beginning of the XXI century.

Keywords: sixties, modernism, national identity, graphics, modern graphic concepts.


Vavrukh, M. (2004). Ivan Ostafijchuk i joho hrafichne mystetstvo: shliakhy stanovlennia ta poshuky vlasnoho styliu. Visnyk LNAM, 15, 228—237 [in Ukrainian].
Vavrukh, M. (2007). Roman Petruk: Formuvannia tvorchoi osobystosti. Mystetstvoznavchyj avtohraf, 2, 117—120 [in Ukrainian].
Vavrukh, M. (2006). Problema tvorchosti khudozhnyka iak osobystosti v totalitarnomu suspil’stvi. Visnyk LNAM, Spetsvyp. II,  257—263 [in Ukrainian].
Viruk, M. (1972). Knyzhkovyj znak shestydesiatnykiv. Sant Baund Bruk: Sv. Sofiia [in Ukrainian].
Holubets’, O. (2001). Mizh svobodoiu i totalitaryzmom. Mystets’ke seredovysche L’vova druhoi polovyny XX st. L’viv: Akademichnyj ekspres [in Ukrainian].
Holubets,’ O. (2012). Mystetstvo XX stolittia: Ukrains’kyj shliakh. L’viv: Kolir PRO [in Ukrainian].
Horak, R. (1998). Korinnia Ihoria Bodnara. Zhovten’, 7, 128—131 [in Ukrainian].
Horyn’, B. (2006). Ne til’ky pro sebe: Roman-kolazh. In Horyn’ B. Tvory: u 3 kn. (Kn. 1). Kyiv: PUL’SARY [in Ukrainian].
Ketsalo, Z. & Yatsiv, R. (uporiad.) & Zapasko, Ya. (avtor vstupn. Statti). (1987). Hrafika l’vivs’kykh khudozhnykiv 1939—1984: kataloh vystavky. L’viv: Oblpolih-rafvydav [in Ukrainian].
Zajtsev, Yu. (1996). Antyrezhymnyj rukh (1956—1991). In Istorychni narysy. L’viv: Tsentr Yevropy [in Ukrainian].
Ivan Ostafijchuk. (1993). Vid periodu «estetyky» do periodu «etyky». Obrazotvorche mystetstvo, 3—4, 48—49 [in Ukrainian].
Kosiv, M. (avtor-uporiad). (1994). Ihor Bodnar. Hrafika-1969. 25 rokiv tomu: kataloh vystavky. L’viv: Za vil’nu Ukrainu [in Ukrainian].
Sydor, O. (avtor-uporiad). (2000). Ihor Bodnar. Kataloh tvoriv i bibliohrafiia. L’viv: Za vil’nu Ukrainu [in Ukrainian].
Bazhan, M. (holov. redkol.). (1968).  Istoriia ukrains’koho mystetstva: u 6 t. (Vol. 6: Radians’ke mystetstvo 1941—1967). Kyiv: Akademiia nauk URSR; Holovna red. URE [in Ukrainian].
Fihol’, R. & Kanchalaba, O. (avtor-upor.) . (1989). Knyzhkovi znaky Bohdana Soroky: kataloh vystavky. L’viv: EDD UNDIPP [in Ukrainian].
Kravchenko, Ya. (1991). A cholovikovi sche til’kyno p’iatdesiat. Dzvin, 12, 149—152 [in Ukrainian].
Ovsijchuk, V. (1971). Tvorchyj dorobok l’viv’ian. Obrazotvorche mystetstvo, 2, 13—15 [in Ukrainian].
Ostrovskij, G. (1982). «Mitec» Roman Petruk. Dekorativnoe iskusstvo SSSR, 6, 13—14 [in Russian].
Pevnyj, B. (2005). Majstry nashoho mystetstva. N’iu-Jork: Ukrains’ka vil’na akademiia nauk u SShA; Kyiv: Suchasnist’ [in Ukrainian].
Lidiia Lykhach & Mykola Shtok. (avtory-uporiadn.). (2007). Roman Petruk: al’bom.  Kyiv: Rodovid [in Ukrainian].
Hevryk, T. (avtor-uporiad.). (1971). Suchasna ukrains’ka hrafika: kataloh mystets’koi vystavky. N’iu-Jork: Suchasnist’ [in Ukrainian].
Yatsiv, R. (1999). Hliadach i suchasne mystetstvo: kryza spryjniattia. Mystetstvoznavstvo’99. L’viv [in Ukrainian].
Yatsiv, R. (2005). Mytets’ u schil’nosti chasu, prostoru i morali. Obrazotvorche mystetstvo, 3, 16—21 [in Ukrainian].
Yatsiv, R. (1992). L’vivs’ka hrafika 1945—1990: Tradytsii i novatorstvo. Kyiv: Naukova dumka [in Ukrainian].


Our authors
Wax candle as ukrainian Christmas and epiphany ritualistic text
For the first time in native ethnology the article has brought some results of special study in sign functionality of a wax candle under the context of Ukrainian Christmas and Epiphany ritualistic text (ritualism of Christmas Eve, New Year, Epiphany Eve and Feast of Epiphany). The study has stated extremely high semiotic position of a wax candle as projection of Sun, mediator between the spheres of sacral and prophane elements, symbolic analogue of human existence, apotropy, cultural symbol re-establishing borders of acculturated space.
Read »

Boikos’ pandemonium: categories of evil deceased
In the article have been presented some research-work on peculiarities of Boikos’ traditional demonological notions as for so-called evil deceased; on the basis of field records and ethnological literary sources quite a number of scum categories have been defined as well as essential habits, modes of behavior and functions of these personages of people’s demonology.
Read »

Maternity ritualism by volhynians in publications of the second half XIX to the early XXI cc.
In the article have been considered some basic landmarks for fixing and publication of ethnographic materials on the maternity rites of Volhynia with analytical study in ritual elements, their kinds and territories of origin. The article has also raised a problem of gaps in studies of maternity rites of Ukrainian historio-ethnographic Volhynia.
Read »

Traditional folk clothes of velikobychkovsky hutsuly of XIX — the first half of XX century
In the study based upon numerous field materials, literature sources as well as ethnographic, historio-cultural and regional museum collections has been performed complex analysis in traditional folk clothes by Hutzul population of Velyky Bychkiv village in Transcarpathian region. Detailed descriptions of femi­nine and masculine clothing complexes of the mentioned area have been presented. In characterizing of those main attention has been paid to the detail of cut in separate components of dress; cut of feminine shirt has been added as an illustration.
Read »