Archive

« 2018. #3 (141)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2018, 3 (141), 635–641

UDK 75.052

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2018.03.635

MONUMENTAL ART IN THE MIDDLE AGES

Kozhekov Oleksii Vasyloyich, professor
National Academy of Fine Arts and Architecture,
department of Painting and Composition.
Voznesenskyi Uzviz Street 20, 04053, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Abstrakt. In article the research of monumental painting in the different countries of the world in the period of the Middle Ages is conducted. Definition of monumental art and monumental painting is offered. The general periodization of medieval monumental painting is revealed. Differences between secular and church monumental painting (are analyzed at the sheer domination of the last during the Middle Ages). It is established that the receptions and canons developed in church painting have defined character of all fine arts of the Middle Ages. Concrete examples of medieval monumental art in the territory of Italy, Germany, France, Spain, and England are investigated. It is proved that monumental painting has lost the value having in medieval art of the Romance period during the Gothic period.

Keywords: monumental painting, monumental art, Middle Ages, pre-Roman period, Romance period, Gothic period, era, history, church, religion.

Received 25.03.2018

References

Anoricheva-Yer’omka, A.I. (2009). Akademichnyj zhyvopys. Kharkivs’ka derzh. akademiia dyzajnu i mystetstv. Kharkiv: Koloryt [in Ukrainian].
Holovchak, P.I. (2008). Zhyvopys, monumental’ni roboty, skul’ptura, hrafika: kataloh mystets’kykh robit. Ternopil’: Pidruchnyky i posibnyky [in Ukrainian].
Danylov, V.P. (2008). Monumental’ne ta dekoratyvne mystetstvo. Zhyvopys. Hrafika: al’bom reproduktsij. Dnipropetrovs’k: Lira [in Ukrainian].
Kulish, O.A. (2016). Monumental’ne mystetstvo. Cherkasy: ChNU im. B. Khmel’nyts’koho [in Ukrainian].
Mykhajlo Bojchuk ta joho shkola monumental’noho mystetstva: al’bom. (2010). (eds. ker. proektu A. Mel’nyk; avt. tekstu: L. Koval’s’ka, N. Prystalenko). Kyiv: NKhMU [in Ukrainian].
Mokryts’kyj, H.P. (2010, 23 kvit. – 10 trav.). Pam’iatky monumental’noho mystetstva Zhytomyrs’koi oblasti: fotovyst. Heorhiia Mokryts’koho: kat. fotovyst. Zhytomyr: Volyn’ [in Ukrainian].
Nessel’shtraus, C.G. (1964). Iskusstvo Zapadnoj Evropy v srednie veka. Leningrad; Moskva : Iskusstvo [in Russian].
Pastukh, R.I. (2012). Monumental’na Stryjschyna. Drohobych: Posvit [in Ukrainian].
Simonova, A.V. (2015). Vizantijs’ki tradytsii v suchasnykh rozpysakh pravoslavnykh khramiv Ukrainy (kinets’ XX — pochatok XXI st.). Kharkiv. derzh. akad. dyzajnu i mystetstv [in Ukrainian].
Taranushenko, S.A. (2014). Derev’iana monumental’na arkhitektura Livoberezhnoi Ukrainy. Kharkiv: Savchuk O.O. [in Ukrainian].
Filatov, V.V. (1995). Restavracija nastennoj masljanoj zhivopisi. Moskva: Izobrazitel’noe iskusstvo [in Russian].
Zhuravel’, S. (ed, avt.-uporiad). (2011). Khudozhnyky Ukrainy: zhyvopys, hrafika, skul’ptura, monument.-dekor. mystets., dekor.-uzhytk. mystets.: tvorcho-biohr. al’b.-dovid. Kyiv: Zhuravel’ S.V. [in Ukrainian].
Shtohryn, A.M. (2017). Mij neovizantynizm: styl’ i manera monumental’noho maliarstva Voznesens’koi tserkvy v s. Ivankivtsi na Podilli: knyha-al’bom. Kyiv: Vyd-vo im. Oleny Telihy [in Ukrainian].
Yakymova, O.O. (2017). Obraz liudyny u monumental’nomu mystetstvi Skhidnoi Halychyny pershoi tretyny XX st.. L’viv: L’viv. nats. akad. mystetstv [in Ukrainian].
Monumental’naja zhivopis’. Retrieved from: https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Монументальная_живопись.
Monumental’noe iskusstvo. Retrieved from: https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Монументальное_искусство.

Read»

Our authors
Boikos’ pandemonium: categories of evil deceased
In the article have been presented some research-work on peculiarities of Boikos’ traditional demonological notions as for so-called evil deceased; on the basis of field records and ethnological literary sources quite a number of scum categories have been defined as well as essential habits, modes of behavior and functions of these personages of people’s demonology.
Read »

On field exploration of russian and belarusian ethnologists and etnolinguists in Ukrainian Polisia 1945—1980s
In the study based on a wide range of literary materials have been comprehensively characterised field research in Polisia of Ukraine, performed by Russian and Belarusian ethnologists during 1945—1980s as well as Moscow ethnolinguists and other researchers from ethnologic centres of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus in the course of realization of Ethnolinguistic Atlas of Polisia program. Particular attention has been paid to geography, methods, themes and research results of scientific projects.
Read »

Wax candle as ukrainian Christmas and epiphany ritualistic text
For the first time in native ethnology the article has brought some results of special study in sign functionality of a wax candle under the context of Ukrainian Christmas and Epiphany ritualistic text (ritualism of Christmas Eve, New Year, Epiphany Eve and Feast of Epiphany). The study has stated extremely high semiotic position of a wax candle as projection of Sun, mediator between the spheres of sacral and prophane elements, symbolic analogue of human existence, apotropy, cultural symbol re-establishing borders of acculturated space.
Read »

Traditional folk clothes of velikobychkovsky hutsuly of XIX — the first half of XX century
In the study based upon numerous field materials, literature sources as well as ethnographic, historio-cultural and regional museum collections has been performed complex analysis in traditional folk clothes by Hutzul population of Velyky Bychkiv village in Transcarpathian region. Detailed descriptions of femi­nine and masculine clothing complexes of the mentioned area have been presented. In characterizing of those main attention has been paid to the detail of cut in separate components of dress; cut of feminine shirt has been added as an illustration.
Read »