Archive

« 2019. № 4 (148)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2019, № 4 (148), 928—933

УДК 39(=161.2):303.4(477) “18”(092)

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2019.04.928

PAVLO CHUBYNSKY — AN OUTSTANDING FIGURE IN UKRAINIAN ETHNOLOGY (UP TO ONE HUNDRED AND EIGHTY YEARS OF HIS BIRTH)

CHIKALO Oksana

ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1636-3397

Candidate of Philology, Senior Researcher

The Department of Folklore Studies,

The Institute of Ethnology, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

15, Svobody Avenue, 79000, Lviv, Ukraine.

Contacts: e-mail: ochikalo@yahoo.com

Abstract. The article analyzes the scientific achievements of Pavlo Chubynsky. The work of the scientist as one of the founders of Ukrainian ethnography is emphasized, his role in the creation of scientific institutions is revealed. The method of organization, carrying out expeditionary work is progressive from the point of view of modernity. The maximum coverage of insufficiently surveyed territories and fixation of the whole mass of people’s knowledge is noted. The relevance of the article is determined by all of these dates. The purpose of this study is to consider the work of P. Chubynsky as an important material for comparative studies of folklore from various ethnographic territories.

The object of the research is the ethnographic activity of Pavlo Chubynsky and the subject is the folkloric achievements of the scientist, including expeditionary work (territorial coverage, method of fixation), systematization, scientific study of folklore materials and practice. The article synthesizes methods subordinated to the purpose of the research: historical (allows studying the cultural-historical processes of the nineteenth century and development, activity of the institutes), biographical (folkloristic activities of the scientist as part of his biography), the interdisciplinary method allows to involve in the analysis of materials of other scientific disciplines: folklor studies, ethnography, statistics, etc.

The article focuses on the biography of scientist and his public activity. Pavlo Chubynsky organized a complex expedition on the basis of the Russian Geographical Society. Seven volumes of folklore, ethnographic and statistical materials is the result of this expedition. They were called «Trudy etnografichesko-statisticheskoy ekspeditsii v Zapadno-Russkiy kray». These materials were a phenomenon of tremendous importance in the history of Ukrainian culture. They showed the world the treasures that bear witness to the identity of the Ukrainian nation. At the same time, Chubynsky considered it useful to create a scientific institution for the development of Ukrainian ethnography. It was engaged in the scientific processing of information from various fields of being of the Ukrainian ethnic group. So, the South-Western Department of the Russian Geographical Society was founded in 1872. The expeditionary and scientific work of Pavlo Chubynsky became a solid foundation for the further development of Ukrainian ethnological science. In the middle of the 19th century, this reseacher understood the need for comprehensive ethnographic works, which accumulated study of the spiritual, material culture of Ukrainians, ethnopsychology and social anthropology.

Key words: ethnology, folklore, expedition, edition, program, beliefs, fairy tales, songs, ordering.

Received 30.05.2019

REFERENCES

Volkov, F.P. (1914). P. Chubinsky. Excerpts from personal memories. Ukrainian life. Separate imprint. 1, 17 [in Russian].
Britsyna, O. (2004). Folklore prose from P. Chubinsky’s play: historical stories and current problems and development. Narodna tvorchist’ ta etnohrafiia, 3, 24—29 [in Ukrainian].
Ostapenko, O. (2004). Pavlo Chubinsky: essays on biography and scientific creativity. Retrieved from: http://nte.etnolog.org.ua/zmist/2004/N4/Art12.htm.
Cherednychenko, D. (2005). Pavlo Chubinsky. Monograph. Kyiv: Al’ternatyva [in Ukrainian].
Skrypnyk, H. (2009). The pedigree legacy P. Chubinsky in terms of modern ethnology. Narodna tvorchist’ ta etnohrafiia, 2, 4—23 [in Ukrainian].
Koliada, I. (2012). Scientific-cultural and public activity of P.P. Chubinsky (according to the memorials of contemporary memories). Kraieznavstvo, 1, 66—73 [in Ukrainian].
Savchenko, F. (1930). Prohibition of Ukrainians. 1876. Kharkiv; Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
Chubinskiy, P. (1861). A few words about the custom and the meaning of fairy tales, proverbs and songs for the criminalist. Chernigovskij listok, 8 [in Russian].
Chubinskiy, P. (1862). Program for the study of popular legal traditions in the Ukraine. Kievskie gubernskie vedomosti [in Russian].
Chubinskiy, P. (1872). General introduction to the materials and studies collected by P.P. Chubinsky. In Proceedings of the ethnographic-statistical expedition to the Western Russian region, equipped with the Imperial Russian Geographical Society. Southwest Division. Materials and research (Vol. 1, pp. XI—XX). Sankt-Peterburg [in Russian].
Chubinskiy, P. (1872—1878). Proceedings of the ethnographic-statistical expedition to the West Russian region, equipped with the Imperial Russian Geographical Society. Notes of the South-Western Department of the Imperial Russian Geographical Society). Sankt-Peterburg [in Russian].
Notes of the South-Western Department of the Imperial Russian Geographical Society. (1874) (Vol. 1—2) [in Russian].
Studynskyi, K. (1927). Ostap Terletsky about the Archaeological Congress in Kyiv (Book 5, p. 43). Ukraina. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
Pyipin, A. (1891). The History of Russian Ethnography (Vol. 3). PSb. [in Russian].

Read»

Our authors
On bessarabian and moldavian ukrainians in the studies of historical ethnography
The article has thrown some light upon a sum of scientific findings got during XIX to XXI cc. in historio-ethnographic studies of Bessarabia and Moldavian Ukrainians. In the pre­sent paper has been given author’s answer to the problem of lacking progress as for the numerous themes concerning Ukrainians. State and achievements of the research-works in Ukrainians’ material and spiritual culture by the scientists of Moldavia and Ukraine through the years of independence has been exposed.
Read »

Traditional folk clothes of velikobychkovsky hutsuly of XIX — the first half of XX century
In the study based upon numerous field materials, literature sources as well as ethnographic, historio-cultural and regional museum collections has been performed complex analysis in traditional folk clothes by Hutzul population of Velyky Bychkiv village in Transcarpathian region. Detailed descriptions of femi­nine and masculine clothing complexes of the mentioned area have been presented. In characterizing of those main attention has been paid to the detail of cut in separate components of dress; cut of feminine shirt has been added as an illustration.
Read »

On field exploration of russian and belarusian ethnologists and etnolinguists in Ukrainian Polisia 1945—1980s
In the study based on a wide range of literary materials have been comprehensively characterised field research in Polisia of Ukraine, performed by Russian and Belarusian ethnologists during 1945—1980s as well as Moscow ethnolinguists and other researchers from ethnologic centres of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus in the course of realization of Ethnolinguistic Atlas of Polisia program. Particular attention has been paid to geography, methods, themes and research results of scientific projects.
Read »

Boikos’ pandemonium: categories of evil deceased
In the article have been presented some research-work on peculiarities of Boikos’ traditional demonological notions as for so-called evil deceased; on the basis of field records and ethnological literary sources quite a number of scum categories have been defined as well as essential habits, modes of behavior and functions of these personages of people’s demonology.
Read »