Archive

« 2019. № 6 (150)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2019, № 6 (150), 1640—1644

UDK75.036(477)(092)

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2019.06.1640

THE PRESERVED ARTISTIC HERITAGE OF OSYP VAS’KIV (1895—1972)

MELNYK Ivan

ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5301-8253

Ph.D. in Art History,

Head of the Research Department,

Lviv National Academy of Arts

79011, Ukraine, Lviv, Kubiyovycha str., 38

e-mail: ndslnam@gmail.com

Abstract. Introduction. Over the last decades, the complex research work in the fields of history in general, art history and literary studies provided a basis for an objective picture of the artistic process of the first half of the 20th century in Ukraine, with the leading role of avant-garde and modernist movements. But it also stressed the importance of studying the creative work of each artist in the context of already quite clearly defined panorama of artistic phenomena. Considering that, the personality of Osyp Vas’kiv, a painter and graphic artist, who in the 1920s belonged to the artistic societies of Lviv and Warsaw deserves special attention.

Problem Statement. The article is devoted to the work of artist and teacher, one of the least studied Ukrainian modernists O. Vas’kiv (1895—1972). And thus it is related to the crucial problem of studying the preserved heritage of the little-known Ukrainian artists of the first half of 20th century, who worked in the cities and villages, peripheral in terms of the intensity of artistic life, but at the same time the creative work of those artists represented the dominant movements of avant-garde and modernism.

The purpose of the current research is to consider the basic facts of O. Vas’kiv biography, as well as to attempt the scientific reconstruction of his multifaceted pictorial and graphic heritage.

Methods. We rely mainly on the traditional art historian methods of systematic, chronological, stylistic analysis, which provide a basis for studying the artist’s heritage in the broad context of the peculiar period of time and allows to draw the comparison between other contemporary artists and their works. The historical method, combined with principles of structural analysis, was applied to complete the general picture of historical and cultural processes of the first half of the 20th century.

Results. An interest in philosophy, in particular the culture of the classical East, determined the broad range of practical skills that O. Vas’kiv put as a background of his work. Equally important was the period of his participation in the artistic life of Warsaw and Lviv in the 1920s, which made a visible imprint on the early creative experiments of O. Vas’kiv and largely outlined the direction of future pathways for the transformation of individual artistic style, distinguished by the skilled use of different elements of the visual language of cubism, expressionism, constructivism. The specificity of his creative legacy demands the thorough study of all stages of his biography, as well as detailed attribution and analysis of his paintings and graphic prints.

Conclusion. The study of little-known works by O. Vas’kiv should be an important step towards returning the forgotten and little-known names of artists of the first half of the of 20th century, as it will contribute to the more coherent picture of Ukrainian modernism in the visual arts.

Keywords: Osyp Vas’kiv, Delyatyn, modernism, painting, graphics, formal search, artworks exhibition, teaching.

Received 28.11.2019

REFERENCES

Mysjuk, A. (2015). Ukrainian Ghandi — Vas’kiv O.M. Kyiv: Salutis [in Ukrainian].
Prohas’ko, T. (2013). Sherlock for Robinson, or Crusoe for Holmes. Krytyka (Part 5—6, pp. 30—31) [in Ukrainian].
Vjel’oh, A. (Ed.). (2006). The mountains of Hutzul’shchyna. Krakiv: Centr. Oseredok Gir. Turyzmu PTTK [in Ukrainian].
Zvid pam’jatok Ivano-Frankivs’koi’ oblasti. Nadvirnjans’kyj rajon (Book 2). Nadvirnjans’kyj rajon. Smt. Deljatyn (2015). Ivano-Frankivs’k: Lileja-NV [in Ukrainian].

Read»

Our authors
On field exploration of russian and belarusian ethnologists and etnolinguists in Ukrainian Polisia 1945—1980s
In the study based on a wide range of literary materials have been comprehensively characterised field research in Polisia of Ukraine, performed by Russian and Belarusian ethnologists during 1945—1980s as well as Moscow ethnolinguists and other researchers from ethnologic centres of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus in the course of realization of Ethnolinguistic Atlas of Polisia program. Particular attention has been paid to geography, methods, themes and research results of scientific projects.
Read »

Wax candle as ukrainian Christmas and epiphany ritualistic text
For the first time in native ethnology the article has brought some results of special study in sign functionality of a wax candle under the context of Ukrainian Christmas and Epiphany ritualistic text (ritualism of Christmas Eve, New Year, Epiphany Eve and Feast of Epiphany). The study has stated extremely high semiotic position of a wax candle as projection of Sun, mediator between the spheres of sacral and prophane elements, symbolic analogue of human existence, apotropy, cultural symbol re-establishing borders of acculturated space.
Read »

Traditional folk clothes of velikobychkovsky hutsuly of XIX — the first half of XX century
In the study based upon numerous field materials, literature sources as well as ethnographic, historio-cultural and regional museum collections has been performed complex analysis in traditional folk clothes by Hutzul population of Velyky Bychkiv village in Transcarpathian region. Detailed descriptions of femi­nine and masculine clothing complexes of the mentioned area have been presented. In characterizing of those main attention has been paid to the detail of cut in separate components of dress; cut of feminine shirt has been added as an illustration.
Read »

Daily bread baking of ukrainians in the south-western ethnographical region at the late XIX to early XXI cc.
The paper has dealt with analytic study in prescriptions, signs, customs, methods, ways of selection, procurement and some peculiarities in usage of subsidiary means — water, firewood and leaves in bread baking. The final aim of the mentioned actions had been (and still is) selection of the means and ingredients fit, by their characteristics, for the backing of bread. The paper has demonstrated dependence of bread backing subsi­diary means criteria from the folk nutritional standards and world outlook stereotypes as well as from regional social and economic, natural and geographical factors and peculiarities of material culture.
Read »