« 2017. #4 (136)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2017, 4 (136), 846–858

ACCOUCHEMENT AND RITUAL ACCOMPANIMENT OF A CHILD BIRTH OF UKRAINIANS IN TRANSCARPATHIA at the end of the XIX th — the first half of the XX th century

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2017.04.846

Cherleniak (Kerechanyn) Ivanna, post-graduate student

of the department of historical ethnology

of the Institute of Ethnology

of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.

Svobody Avenue 15, 79000, Lviv, Ukraine.

Contacts: Tel.(032) 297-01-57; e-mail: ina@mail.lviv.ua

Abstract. The article gives a review of rituals, customs and beliefs, connected with an accouchement and a child birth among the Ukrainians of Transcarpathia at the end of the XIX — the first half of the XX century. The main attention is paid to the status of the chief persons of nativity ritual complex — woman in childbirth and midwife. The first rituals, conducted with a newborn, namely the cutting of umbilical, first bathing and swaddling, are described. Traditional foresights of a child’s fate and local affectionate, derogatory and compassionate names of the little children are examined.

Keywords: accouchement, woman in childbirth, midwife, assistance in childbirth, child, placenta, baby, umbilical, «first bathing», cradle, «six-week bed».

Received 22.06.2017

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